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HAITI: History , Government & Culture. Directions: Copy all facts in purple. “Haiti” is a Native American word meaning… mountainous land Purple coach book p.72 and Georgia CRCT book p.99 . HAITI: History.

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HAITI: History , Government & Culture

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Haiti history government culture

HAITI: History, Government & Culture

Directions: Copy all facts in purple.

  • “Haiti” is a Native American word meaning…

    mountainous land

    Purple coach book p.72 and Georgia CRCT book p.99


Haiti history

HAITI: History

  • Originally settled by the Spanish in 1492 (hence the island name Hispaniola)

  • 1697 Spain ceded to the French the western third of the island, which later became Haiti


Haiti history1

HAITI: History

  • The French colony, based on forestry and sugar-related industries, became one of the wealthiest in the Caribbean but only through the heavy importation of African slaves


Haiti history2

HAITI: History

  • Francois-Domingue Toussaint (Toussaint L’Ouverture) was born a slave in the mid-1700’s in Haiti

  • His father was captured into slavery and would tell Toussaint stories of freedom


Haiti history3

HAITI: History

  • 1789, the French Revolution occurred and the French decided to grant freedom to all Africans and Mulattoes

  • In 1791, after the plantation owners whined like a bunch of 6th graders, they (the French) revoked their (the slaves) freedom


Haiti history4

HAITI: History

  • Now the slaves were mad!

  • 1794, Toussaint leads a slave army and defeats the French army (1st of the Latin American revolutions)

  • In 1801 Toussaint is named “Governor-General” for life


Haiti history5

HAITI: History

  • 1802, L’Ouverture is tricked, arrested, and sent to France. He dies in France.

  • Jean Jacques Dessalines finishes what Toussaint started and in 1804 Haiti gains independence


Haiti history6

HAITI: History

  • Haiti was the 1st country ever formed by slaves (2nd country in the Western

  • From 1844-1914, 32 different men ruled Haiti


Haiti government

HAITI: Government

  • Today, Haiti has a democratic republic government

  • Haiti has both a President and a Prime Minister

  • President elected by popular vote for a five-year term

  • President chooses the Prime Minister wh0 has to be ratified by the National Assembly


Haiti government1

HAITI: Government

  • President today is Michel Martelly

  • Prime Minister Garry Conille

  • The President is the Chief Executive and the Prime Minister is the Head of State

  • Suffrage: 18 yrs old


Haiti government2

HAITI: Government

  • Haiti has a history of political unrest with the constitution being suspended and reinstated between 1988-89, 1991-94, and 04-06

  • In 2004, an armed rebellion led to the forced resignation and exile of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide

  • Haiti finally had a democratically elected president and parliament in May of 2006


Haiti culture

HAITI: Culture

  • Population: 9,719,932 (65 years and over=3.9% vs. 13% in USA)

  • 52% live in “urban” areas . What is an urban area?

  • Ethnicities: black 95%, mulatto and white 5%


Haiti culture1

HAITI: Culture

  • Official language is French

  • Major religions: Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16% (roughly half of the population practices voodoo)

  • Why would those religions be present in Haiti?


Multi flow map

MULTI-FLOW MAP

CONDITION OF

HAITI TODAY


Haitian summarizer

HAITIAN SUMMARIZER

THE GOOD, THE BAD, AND THE “RANDOM”

  • LIST 3 THINGS HAITI IS/WAS GOOD AT (THINGS THEY MIGHT HAVE BEEN THE 1ST OR 2ND TO DO)

  • LIST 3 THINGS HAITI IS BAD AT (CATEGORIES HAITI MIGHT RANK LOW IN)

  • LIST 3 “RANDOM” THINGS ABOUT HAITI’S PAST AND PRESENT (RANDOM, INTERESTING FACTS)

  • YOU MAY NOT USE THE SAME FACT IN 2 DIFFERENT CATEGORIES


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