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HAITI: History , Government & Culture

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HAITI: History , Government & Culture. Directions: Copy all facts in purple. “Haiti” is a Native American word meaning… mountainous land Purple coach book p.72 and Georgia CRCT book p.99 . HAITI: History.

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haiti history government culture
HAITI: History, Government & Culture

Directions: Copy all facts in purple.

  • “Haiti” is a Native American word meaning…

mountainous land

Purple coach book p.72 and Georgia CRCT book p.99

haiti history
HAITI: History
  • Originally settled by the Spanish in 1492 (hence the island name Hispaniola)
  • 1697 Spain ceded to the French the western third of the island, which later became Haiti
haiti history1
HAITI: History
  • The French colony, based on forestry and sugar-related industries, became one of the wealthiest in the Caribbean but only through the heavy importation of African slaves
haiti history2
HAITI: History
  • Francois-Domingue Toussaint (Toussaint L’Ouverture) was born a slave in the mid-1700’s in Haiti
  • His father was captured into slavery and would tell Toussaint stories of freedom
haiti history3
HAITI: History
  • 1789, the French Revolution occurred and the French decided to grant freedom to all Africans and Mulattoes
  • In 1791, after the plantation owners whined like a bunch of 6th graders, they (the French) revoked their (the slaves) freedom
haiti history4
HAITI: History
  • Now the slaves were mad!
  • 1794, Toussaint leads a slave army and defeats the French army (1st of the Latin American revolutions)
  • In 1801 Toussaint is named “Governor-General” for life
haiti history5
HAITI: History
  • 1802, L’Ouverture is tricked, arrested, and sent to France. He dies in France.
  • Jean Jacques Dessalines finishes what Toussaint started and in 1804 Haiti gains independence
haiti history6
HAITI: History
  • Haiti was the 1st country ever formed by slaves (2nd country in the Western
  • From 1844-1914, 32 different men ruled Haiti
haiti government
HAITI: Government
  • Today, Haiti has a democratic republic government
  • Haiti has both a President and a Prime Minister
  • President elected by popular vote for a five-year term
  • President chooses the Prime Minister wh0 has to be ratified by the National Assembly
haiti government1
HAITI: Government
  • President today is Michel Martelly
  • Prime Minister Garry Conille
  • The President is the Chief Executive and the Prime Minister is the Head of State
  • Suffrage: 18 yrs old
haiti government2
HAITI: Government
  • Haiti has a history of political unrest with the constitution being suspended and reinstated between 1988-89, 1991-94, and 04-06
  • In 2004, an armed rebellion led to the forced resignation and exile of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide
  • Haiti finally had a democratically elected president and parliament in May of 2006
haiti culture
HAITI: Culture
  • Population: 9,719,932 (65 years and over=3.9% vs. 13% in USA)
  • 52% live in “urban” areas . What is an urban area?
  • Ethnicities: black 95%, mulatto and white 5%
haiti culture1
HAITI: Culture
  • Official language is French
  • Major religions: Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16% (roughly half of the population practices voodoo)
  • Why would those religions be present in Haiti?
multi flow map
MULTI-FLOW MAP

CONDITION OF

HAITI TODAY

haitian summarizer
HAITIAN SUMMARIZER

THE GOOD, THE BAD, AND THE “RANDOM”

  • LIST 3 THINGS HAITI IS/WAS GOOD AT (THINGS THEY MIGHT HAVE BEEN THE 1ST OR 2ND TO DO)
  • LIST 3 THINGS HAITI IS BAD AT (CATEGORIES HAITI MIGHT RANK LOW IN)
  • LIST 3 “RANDOM” THINGS ABOUT HAITI’S PAST AND PRESENT (RANDOM, INTERESTING FACTS)
  • YOU MAY NOT USE THE SAME FACT IN 2 DIFFERENT CATEGORIES
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