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The Authoritarian & Totalitarian States: Russia & Spain PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Authoritarian & Totalitarian States: Russia & Spain. Unit 14: Anxiety & Interwar Years AP European History Ms. Tully - UHS. A. The Soviet Union. “War Communism” – nationalization of business & industry Early 1920s  industrial and agricultural collapse.

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The Authoritarian & Totalitarian States: Russia & Spain

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The authoritarian totalitarian states russia spain

The Authoritarian & Totalitarian States: Russia & Spain

Unit 14: Anxiety & Interwar Years

AP European History

Ms. Tully - UHS


A the soviet union

A. The Soviet Union

  • “War Communism” – nationalization of business & industry

  • Early 1920s  industrial and agricultural collapse


B new economic policy nep

B. New Economic Policy (NEP)

  • Modified capitalism

  • 1922  Creation of USSR

  • Agriculture revived; industry remained stagnant

  • NEP saved SU from collapse

  • Increased # of bureaucrats  new elite


C struggle for power

C. Struggle for Power

  • Lenin died Jan. 21, 1924

  • Struggle for power among Politburo

  • The Left – Leon Trotsky

  • The Right – Joseph Stalin

  • Trotsky vs. Stalin!

  • Stalin used power as secretary to gain control; expel Trotsky in 1927

  • By 1929 – eliminated Old Bolsheviks, est. dictatorship


D the stalinist era 1929 1939

D. The Stalinist Era (1929-1939)

  • First Five Year Plan

  • Enormous social & political costs

  • Propaganda emphasized need to sacrifice for state

  • Rapid collectivization of agriculture

  • Threat of starvation encouraged compliance


The authoritarian totalitarian states russia spain

6. Strengthened party bureaucracy

7. Purge of dissenters

8. Marginalization of women to wife/mother

9. Encouraged education, est. more part-time schools


E authoritarianism in eastern europe

E. Authoritarianism in Eastern Europe

  • Authoritarian State: limit participation of masses, content with passive obedience

  • Parliamentary gov’ts gave way to authoritarian regimes

  • Traditional conservatives feared ethnic conflict, communism

  • Bulgaria, Poland, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Romania, Greece

  • Czechoslovakia remained a political democracy


F dictatorship in iberian peninsula

F. Dictatorship in Iberian Peninsula

  • Spain’s parliamentary monarchy weak after WWI

  • General Miguel Primo de Rivera led military coup Sept. 1923 – dictatorship until 1930

  • New republic 1931 ; Popular Front 1936  antifascist coalition

  • General Francisco Franco led military revolt  civil war


G the spanish civil war

G. The Spanish Civil War

  • Split country between left & right

  • Left  Republicans/supporters of Popular Front, urban areas

  • Right  Nationalists & military

  • Foreign intervention  GR & ITLY supported Franco


The authoritarian totalitarian states russia spain

5. Attack on Guernica, April 26, 1937  new level of destruction

6. SU & US assisted Republicans

7. Franco captured Madrid March 28, 1939

8. Franco Dictatorship 1939-1975 – traditional authoritarian conservatism


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