Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI)
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Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI). The Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI). 5 practices and commitments associated with LPI: Challenging the process Inspiring a shared vision Enabling others to act Modeling the way Encouraging the heart. Practice 1: Challenging the Process.

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The leadership practices inventory lpi
The Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI)

5 practices and commitments associated with LPI:

  • Challenging the process

  • Inspiring a shared vision

  • Enabling others to act

  • Modeling the way

  • Encouraging the heart

Practice 1 challenging the process
Practice 1: Challenging the Process

  • Search for opportunities to change the status quo and improve an organization.

  • Experiment and take risks.

  • Continually learn from mistakes and failures.

Practice 2 inspiring a shared vision
Practice 2: Inspiring a Shared Vision

  • Believe you can make a difference.

  • Envision the future.

  • Be enthusiastic and passionate about your vision.

  • Create an ideal and unique image of what the organization can become.

  • Enlist others in your dreams.

Practice 3 enabling others to act
Practice 3: Enabling Others to Act

  • Foster collaboration and build spirited teams.

  • Actively involve others.

  • Share power and provide choice.

  • Promote shared goals.

  • Cultivate accountability and ownership for achievements.

  • Strive to create an atmosphere of trust, respect, and human dignity.

Practice 4 modeling the way
Practice 4: Modeling the Way

  • Establish principles concerning the way people should be treated and the way goals should be pursued.

  • Create standards of excellence and set an example for others to follow.

  • Set interim goals so that people can achieve small wins as they work toward larger objectives.

  • Try to eliminate or reduce bureaucracy when it interferes with getting work done.

Practice 5 encouraging the heart
Practice 5: Encouraging the Heart

  • Recognize contributions that individuals make (thank-you notes, smiles, awards, public praise).

  • Visibly celebrate team accomplishments.

  • Make people feel like heroes.

The lpi

The Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI), Self Instrument (3rd Edition)

  • 30-item self-test developed by Jim Kouzes and Barry Posner

  • Approaches leadership as a measurable, learnable, and teachable set of behaviors

The lpi1

  • Score yourself using the Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI) Self Instrument.

  • Use scale of 1-10 explained on Inventory.

  • Transfer your scores to the Response Sheet. The scores in each column represent your responses to six statements about each of the five leadership practices.

  • The score for each practice can range from a high of 60 to a low of 6.

  • Your scores are private and will remain so unless you wish to share them.


  • Column 1: Modeling the Way

  • Column 2: Inspiring a Vision

  • Column 3: Challenging the Process

  • Column 4: Enabling Others to Act

  • Column 5: Encourage the Heart

Group activity

  • Choose a leadership practice.

  • Brainstorm strategies for developing the practice.

  • Present to the large group.

Challenging the process
Challenging the Process

  • Take risks and honor others who do.

  • Question the way things are done and suggest new systems and procedures.

  • Treat each assignment as a chance to make things change for the better in an organization.

  • Find something broken and fix it.

Inspiring a shared vision
Inspiring a Shared Vision

  • Know others- enlist their support by appealing to their values, interests, hopes and dreams.

  • Orient your thinking to the future.

  • Hold an image of the end result.

  • Create a succinct statement or presentation about what you are trying to accomplish.

Enabling others to act
Enabling Others to Act

  • Always say “we.”

  • Delegate to others and help them succeed.

  • Involve people in planning and problem solving.

  • Build up others.

  • Create a climate of trust.

  • Share information and power.

  • Focus on gains rather than losses.

Modeling the way
Modeling the Way

  • Lead others where you are also willing to go.

  • Know your own basic set of values and talk to people about them.

  • Do what you say you are going to do.

  • Walk the halls.

  • Encourage ethical behavior.

  • Establish norms about hard work and caring.

  • Decrease job stress and tension.

Encouraging the heart
Encouraging the Heart

  • Say “thank you.”

  • Celebrate team accomplishments.

  • Install a systematic process to reward performance.

  • Be creative about rewards.

  • Make recognition public.

  • Look for people doing something right.

Leading from within
Leading From Within

  • It takes courage to examine one’s inner life.

  • LPI is one way to expand self-examination and growth.

  • The journey is downward and inward.

"To manage yourself, use your head;

to manage others, use your heart." -African Proverb