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The Danish JI Program. UNFCCC Workshop on the Implementation of Article 6 projects under the Kyoto Protocol Moscow, 26-27 May 2004 by Ulla Blatt Bendtsen, Chief Programme Co-ordinator, DEPA. Overview of Presentation. The Danish Climate Strategy Memorandum of Understanding

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the danish ji program
The Danish JI Program

UNFCCC Workshop on the Implementation of Article 6 projects under the Kyoto Protocol

Moscow, 26-27 May 2004

by Ulla Blatt Bendtsen, Chief Programme Co-ordinator, DEPA

overview of presentation
Overview of Presentation
  • The Danish Climate Strategy
  • Memorandum of Understanding
  • The Danish JI Programme
  • Project examples
  • Facilitating Arrangements (session 2.2)
the danish climate strategy
The Danish Climate Strategy
  • Reduction Commitment 2008-12: 21% compared to base year
  • Excess emissions in relation to reduction commitment: 20-25 Mt CO2e/yr.
  • Climate Strategy adopted March 13, 2003 by Parliament
  • Two central instruments:
  • 1) The EU Emission Trading Scheme, incl. Linking Directive
  • 2) An indicator of DKK 120 (EUR 16) per tonne CO2 for domestic measures outside the activities covered by The EU Emission Trading Scheme
a lot has already been done
A lot has already been done
  • 20% of electricity supply from renewables (wind, biomass, biogas)
  • Danish CO2 quotas even before the EU ETS
  • High fuel taxes and CO2 taxes
  • Support for energy efficiency schemes
  • Waste incineration
  • HFC Phase-out plan
using flexible mechanisms is a win win situation
Using flexible mechanisms is a win-win situation
  • Denmark gains economically by using a combination of domestic measures and flexible mechanisms (estimated economic gain: DKK 2-3 billion (EUR 270-400) per year in 2008-12
  • The seller gains economically from the sales of AAUs/ERUs/CERs, technology transfer through FDI, reduction in local pollutants (SO2, NOx, etc.)
prices and risks
Prices and risks
  • Prices for JI and CDM are lower than domestic abatement costs and lower than EUA, because of risks:
  • Kyoto risk
  • Host country risks
  • Project risks
flexible mechanisms in the danish climate strategy
Flexible mechanisms in the Danish Climate Strategy
  • The flexible mechanisms play a central role.
  • State funding to facilitate the market
  • DKK 130 million for Joint Implementation in 2003 and DKK 100 mill./yr. in 2004-7 for JI
  • DKK 100 mill./yr. for CDM in 2004-7 (adm. By MoFA)
  • The main buyer of emission credits will be the private sector
memoranda of understanding
Memoranda of Understanding

Signed:

  • Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Moldova, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine

In process:

  • Czech Republic, Hungary, Kasakhstan, Russia, Poland
the danish ji program1
The Danish JI Program

A 3-legged strategy for purchase of carbon credits from EECCA countries:

  • a pipeline of projects resulting from targeted direct project development over the last few years
  • an indirect pipeline through JI/CDM funds administered by selected banks and advisors; and
  • a newly created JI tender window
new ji tender
New JI Tender

Project hosts and developers are invited to express their interest at 2 levels:

  • Level 1: Expression of Interest (limited documentation, may result in an agreement on further project development)
  • Level 2: Full proposal (more extensive documentation, may result in the signing of an ERPA between the Project Host and Denmark)
project examples
Project examples

Examples of projects currently being implemented or under negotiation with Denmark are:

  • Establishment of 5 biomass fired heat boilers based on waste products from wood processing in Romania (project running)
  • District heating based on utilisation of geothermal energy in the cities of Oradea and Beius in Romania (ERPA signed)
  • Establishment of a wind farm in Türisalu in Estonia (ERPA awaiting final approval by Estonian parliament)
  • Extraction of landfill gas in Chisinau, Moldova (PDD has been validated, ERPA is being negotiated)
indirect carbon credits
Indirect carbon credits

Two contracts have so far been signed with suppliers of ”indirect carbon credits”:

  • NEFCO Testing Ground Facility (DKK 18 mill.)
  • Eco Securities and Standard Bank ”Denmark Carbon Facility” (DKK 59 mill.) Open for private sector investments.
more information on the danish ji program
More information on the Danish JI program
  • www.mst.dk
  • www.DanishCarbon.dk
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