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Older Computers & Linux. Older Computers. RAM 256M, 512M, 1G Hard drive 30G, 40G, 80G Processor 1.2 – 2.0 GHz CD/DVD Drive Need this USB port Helpful Boot Order CD -> USB -> Floppy -> HD. Comments on Win XP. They can be really, really slow (Dowtran, DailUp)

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Older computers
Older Computers

  • RAM 256M, 512M, 1G

  • Hard drive 30G, 40G, 80G

  • Processor 1.2 – 2.0 GHz

  • CD/DVD Drive Need this

  • USB port Helpful

  • Boot Order CD -> USB -> Floppy -> HD


Comments on win xp
Comments on Win XP

  • They can be really, really slow (Dowtran, DailUp)

  • Auto-updates to Cloud are VERY slow

  • If you just have email, browser: speed is OK

  • CD/DVD drive may be slow or outdated (DL)

  • Router encryption may be outdated WEP vs. WPA

  • Most can boot from CD, flash, even floppy

  • They are “tricky” to use with network printers


Risky behavior
Risky Behavior

  • Drive without insurance; without seat belts

  • No health insurance

  • No saving for retirement

  • Drive a small car

  • Skip vaccinations; don’t use cell phone (rad.);

  • Never get an X-rays

  • Smoke

  • Alcohol

  • Run Windows XP

  • East a Big Mac


What is linux
What is Linux

  • Operating System (Windows, OS X, Fortran)

  • Free (there are no free lunches)

  • Comes in many choices (distros, flavors)

  • Generally unsupported (forums on home page)

  • Quirky (system & people)

  • Regular updates

  • Driver support


What choices do i have
What Choices Do I Have

  • Popular: Mint, Ubuntu, Debian, Magia, Fedora, SuSE

  • Newbies: Zorin, PCLinuxOS, LXLE, CentOS, Arch

  • Size: Puppy, Xubuntu, Tiny Core, Damn Small

  • Support: (any Enterprise version)

  • Specialty: Knoppix, Tails, Scientific, GParted


What can i do with linux
What Can I Do With Linux

  • Browse: Firefox, Chrome, Opera, Midori, Epiphany

  • Email: Thunderbird, Evolution, Claws

  • Office: Open Office, Libre Office, Abiword

  • Audio: Rhythmbox, Banshee, Audacity

  • Video: VLC

  • Games, Communications, Maintenance, Backup


Where will i get support
Where Will I Get Support

  • Will have to ask for it

  • Forums

  • Tutorials

  • Not much in the way of clubs (Universities)


What about drivers
What About Drivers

  • Much better

  • Older peripherals may have problems

  • Specialty peripherals may have problems


What choices do i have to make
What Choices Do I Have To Make

  • Distro

  • 32 or 64 bit

  • Desktop Gnome, KDE, Xfce, Unity

  • Boot location (wipe, 2nd HD, dual boot)


Where do i get other programs
Where Do I Get Other Programs

  • Each distro has it own repository

  • Can use other Open Source libraries

  • Upgrades are “early & often”


What can i not do with linux
What Can I Not Do With Linux

  • Specialty programs (Genealogy, taxes )


But i must run a win xp program
But I Must Run A Win XP Program

  • There are Windows emulators

  • They probably will work

  • They probably will be slower

  • Wine, CrossOver (Mac), GameTree (games)


Can i test drive linux
Can I Test Drive Linux

  • Yes, boot with a Live CD What’s This?

  • DO NOT have to be connected to Internet

  • The Linux program will run only from the CD

  • Linux will load into RAM

  • Linux will run a little slow while reading from CD

  • Linux will install or save NOTHING to your HD

  • When you shut down, you leave no footprints


What s with dual booting
What’s With Dual Booting

  • Any PC can boot to multiple OSs

  • The problem is to have a separate partition

  • Windows OS should go on first

  • You can dual boot with 2 or more Linux distros


What s with virtualization
What’s With Virtualization

  • Run 1 or more OS in a “virtual computer”

  • Can use a high powered PC

  • When you shut down, everything goes away

  • Load Win XP in a virtual box, run legacy programs at full speed, save data to flash drive, no virus or malware can get to Win XP


What is the exact procedure min
What Is The Exact Proceduremin

  • Select a distro 5

  • Download/Buy a copy of the distro (iso) 10

  • Burn to a CD or DVD 5

  • Boot PC from CD or DVD 4

  • Trial run the distro from a Live CD version 3 - 6

  • Load distro into appropriate partition 5 - 15


Linux on xp articles
Linux on XP Articles

  • Lubuntu/Xubuntu are best choices

  • VirtualBoxUser Manual

  • 7 Best Linux Distros for 2014

  • What to do about Windows XP Leo N.


Computer specifications
Computer Specifications

Toshiba Acer H.P. Desktop

RAM 496 M 2 G 4 G 2 G

Processor 1.20 2.00 2.40 2.16

Win Exper. -- 3.1 4.2 3.5

Bits 32 32 64 32

Op. Sys XP Vista Win 7 Win 7

Boot time 2 min 2 min 2 min 2 min


What i did to prepare
What I Did To Prepare

  • Created a bunch of Linux Live CDs

  • Tested them on a $5 desktop about half worked

  • Tested them on Vista laptop – 2 G about ¾ worked

  • Tested them on XP laptop – 486 M Puppy, Damn Small

  • Tested them on Win 7 desktop-2 G messed up computer

  • Took pictures of start screen

  • Tested boot CDs, flash drives, 1 80M CDs


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