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Unit 10 By the time I got outside, the bus had already left. Section B. The Past Perfect Tense 过去完成时. 过去完成时的构成 助动词 had ( 用于各种人称和数 ) + 过去分词. When I got to school, the bell had rung. 2. 过去完成时的用法 : 主要是表示在过去某个时间 , 或是动作之前 已经发生或完成的动作 . 也就是 过去的过去. The Past Perfect Tense 过去完成时.

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Unit 10

By the time I got

outside, the bus had

already left.

Section B


The past perfect tense
The Past Perfect Tense过去完成时

  • 过去完成时的构成

  • 助动词 had(用于各种人称和数) + 过去分词

When I got to school, the bell had rung.

2. 过去完成时的用法:

主要是表示在过去某个时间,或是动作之前

已经发生或完成的动作.也就是过去的过去.


The past perfect tense1
The Past Perfect Tense过去完成时

3. 常用的几种方式:

用介词by, before 等构成的时间短语.

用连词when, before, after或者短语by the time

引导的时间状语从句.

We had learnt 20 English songs by the end

of last month.

The plane had taken off when I reached the

airport.

By the time I got up , my brother had left home.


invite

embarrassed

get up

empty

realize

clock

stay up

邀请

窘迫的

起床

空的,倒空

意识到

钟表

熬夜,不睡觉

fool

costume

go off

get dressed

show up

change

exhausted

傻瓜,愚弄

服装

穿衣服

出席

变化,改变

极其疲惫的


1a

Put these words in the correct

columns in the chart.

Verbs

Nouns

Adjectives


fool 可以作名词,”傻瓜,呆子”; 也可作动词,

“愚弄, 欺骗”

costume 是名词, 意为 “服装,全套服装’,

不指单件衣服

embarrassed 可以用作形容词,意为”尴尬的,

局促不安的”, 也是动词embarrass 的过去式

和过去分词.

empty 可以用作形容词, “空的”; 也是动词

“倒空, 使…成为空的”

show up 是动词短语;有”出现,出席”;”显现”;

”揭露, 拆穿” 等意思.

exhausted 是形容词, 意为”精疲力竭的”


April Fool's Day

is traditionally a day

to play practical jokes on others.


2a

Listen and write each person’s name

under his picture.

Joe

No name

Nick

David


Who says each of the phrases below ?

Write “D” for Dave, “N” for Nick,

and “J” for Joe.

2b

D

  • a costume party

  • my alarm went off

  • stayed up all night

  • was exhausted

  • really embarrassed

  • the other kids showed up

N

J

J

D

N


3a

The first story really

happened. The radio program

was called “The War of

the World “.


3b

You may write like this:

On April Fool’s Day Nick’s alarm clock

went off. He got up and took a shower.

Then he got dressed and went to school.

When he got to school, the building was

empty. An hour later, the other kids

showed up. Then he realized that his

brother had fooled him. His brother had

set his clock an hour early.



Fill in the each blank with the correct word given
Fill in the each blank with the correct word given.

stay up

show up

invite

realize

rush

1、I was waiting for the school bus but it didn’t come. Then I it was Saturday.

2、I woke up late this morning. I had to really to get to school on time.

3、There’s a good movie on TV tonight but it’s at I am. I don’t want to that late.

4、sally me to her birthday party. It’s at her house on Saturday.

5、Do you know where John is? He was going to meet me earlier but he didn’t .

realized

rush

stay up

realized

invited

show up


Talk about Ming's Day.

3

1

2

4

5

7

6


In each line, circle the word that doesn’t belong.

  • dentist homework relative fool

  • 2. embarrassed exhausted happy lock

  • 3. costume break down show up oversleep

  • 4. farmer go off stay up realize




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