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Login. www.oilsim.com. Learning Cycle. Additional knowledge/skills. Environmental issues Team work and negotiation Critical decision making , analytical skills, multi-tasking Learn through experience Economically viable volumes- reducing uncertainty Return on Investment

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Login

  • www.oilsim.com


Learning Cycle


Additional knowledge/skills

  • Environmental issues

  • Team work and negotiation

  • Critical decision making, analytical skills, multi-tasking

  • Learn through experience

  • Economically viable volumes- reducing uncertainty

  • Return on Investment

  • Function appreciation


Money and Credibility

  • You start with $250 millionYou can apply for more money later.

  • Create valueMeasured by the net value of the oil and gas fields discovered MINUS all costs involved.

  • Correct answers and sensible decisions are awarded with CPs


Oil and Gas Value Chain

Complete Value Chain

Upstream


OilSim day 1

Task 2

Task 3

Task 1

Licenceaward,

spreadrisk-negotiations

1 st concessionround

Pre-concessionwork

Gravimetric data, Magnetic data

Enviromental data,

Geologicalmaps

2D seismic surveys

3D seismicmaps

Today’s Challenges


Main screen


Gravimetric surveys

  • Gravimetric surveys show the gravity in the sub-surface. Measured by airborne sensors.

  • Sedimentary rocks have lower densities than the surrounding crystalline rocks. Low gravity means high probability of a basin below.

  • Low gravity are basins.

  • High gravity are crystalline rocks


First task

  • Challenge: Find three sedimentary basins in the area. Basins are sedimentary rocks in the deep subsurface where oil and gas has been generated.

  • Procedure: Buy and study magnetic and gravimetric surveys; and to submit the coordinates, column and row number for each basin centre.


Gravimetric surveys

  • Gravimetric survey:South-east quadrant


Magnetic surveys

  • Magnetic surveys show similar information as gravimetric surveys. The sedimentary rocks in the basins have a lower concentration of magnetic materials than the surrounding crystalline rocks.

  • Sedimentary basins are the areas with the lowest magnetic field.

  • Basins have low magnetic field

  • Non-basins have high magnetic fields.


Magnetic Surveys

  • Magnetic survey:North-west quadrant


C50

R100

C60

R110

Centre may not be the same

  • Example:

    Top basin on both maps

  • Calculate the midpoint between the gravimetric and magnetic centres found

  • = C55 and R105


Finding the Midpoint


Centre Midpoint calculation

  • 3 centres – one Centre midpoint for each basin

  • Example: C55, R105

  • Solve before deadline. All submissions are evaluated after the deadline (and not before).

  • You may get 0-100 CPs. All three centres must be located to get full CPs.


Task 1 solved

  • All teams have submitted their answers. Basin centres are located.

  • Message in Inbox. All teams have answers and CPs awarded.


OilSim day 1

Task 2

Task 3

Task 1

Licenceaward,

spreadrisk-negotiations

1 st concessionround

Pre-concessionwork

Gravimetric data, Magnetic data

Enviromental data,

Geologicalmaps

2D seismic surveys

3D seismicmaps

Today’s Challenges


Challenge 2 : license round

Sedimentary basins may contain oil and gas.

The government has decided to put the blocks around one of the basins on offer.

Challenge: Identify the 3 most promising blocks and offer an amount for each of them.


Source and migration

2. MIGRATION ROCK

where hydrocarbons are driven through

3. CAP ROCK

Impermeable rock that stops migration of hydrocarbons

1. SOURCE ROCK

where organic material is put under sufficient pressure

4. PROSPECT


Traps

  • Geological “pockets”, that might contain hydrocarbons.

Anticline trap

(c) OLF

Stratigraphic

trap

Salt dome trap

Fault trap


Surface Restriction Areas

Red areas

You will not be allowed to bid, drill or operate in any of the red areas (environmentally sensitive areas)

Green areas

Blocks in area may be awarded.


Common Risk Segments

  • Is there a sedimentary basin and a migration route into the prospects in the area?

  • Is there porous reservoir rock in the area, so that the oil or gas can be stored?

  • Is there a sealing rock in the area, so that the oil and gas can be trapped?

  • If all are positive, then green

  • If some negative, then orange

  • If mostly negative, then red


Common Risk Segment

CRS. Common Risk Segment surveys tell you about the probability of a structure in the block/cell containing

oil or gas

Surface

Layer 3 Eocene

1500m below the surface

Layer 2 Paleocene

2500m below the surface

Layer 1 Cretaceous

3500m below the surface


2D Seismic surveys

  • Traps can be found with seismic surveys

  • 2D seismic survey is a cross section of the geological layers along either a column or a row.

  • 2D seismic surveys are used for locating prospects.


2D Seismic in OilSim

Unprocessed

Processed

Red is top of the sealing rock

Green is top of the reservoir rock

Interpreted


Anticlinal traps


Leakage?

Leakage

Sealant rock


Order seismic

  • Buy 2D seismic from the survey shop


Order Seismic

  • What type of data do you want?

  • Columns or Rows

  • Unprocessed or processed data

  • Interpreted or not

Only buy maximum of 2 block of data at a time to speed up processing


View the Seismic

  • Red circles – navigate through the 2D seismic

  • Yellowsquare – Row 1 from Column 1-56


Cross-sections

Column

Row

Prospect, Reservoir

Basin,Source


Enter bids

Minimum bid is $250K

Maximum bid is $7.5M

Enter numbers without commas (ex: 250000)

You will bid for 3 licenses but each team will only be awarded one license

Highest bid wins the license

If two teams bid the same, the team with the most CP’s gets it

Random license awarded if none of your bids are high enough

Submit your bid before the deadline!


Recap on Task 2

  • Environmental Sensitive Areas map to see which blocks to avoid

  • Common Risk Segment surveys to see which blocks to examine closer

  • 2D surveys seismic to identify which ones have the most (big) structures

  • Remember to submit 3 bids


Task 2 solved

Message sent to all teams with the results

Credibility Points are given for prosperity of the blocks you bid for

Every team has got one exploration license


OilSimday 1

Task 2

Task 3

Task 1

Licenceaward,

spreadrisk-negotiations

1 st concessionround

Pre-concessionwork

Gravimetric data, Magnetic data

Enviromental data,

Geologicalmaps

2D seismic surveys

3D seismicmaps

Today’s Challenges


Task 3 Exploration Drilling

  • HQ is happy with the license awarded.

  • Challenge: Farm-out minimum 20% from your license – and farm-in as much as you can in other good licenses.

  • Acquire 3D Seismic interpretations for the block you operate, and study the results from the licensing round

  • Get others to invest 20% or more in your license – you can show/send 3D seismic


Real 3D Seismic

  • Shows the subsurface structure in a cube.


3D Seismicin OilSim

Layer 3 Eocene

Layer 2 Paleocene

Layer 1 Cretaceous


Partnerships

  • Spread the risk: e.g Investing in other blocks divides the risks amongst all partners, much more preferable than keeping 100% of one field and all the risk.

  • Increase probability of profit: investment in only 1 field which could be a dry prospect is possible, whereas the likelihood of investing in 5 fields which are all dry is unlikely.


Licences


Farm-in

  • Enter the percentage and total amount for have agreed to offer

  • Minimum $100,000 per %

  • Add a message to the seller

  • Press “Send offer”


Farm-in

When a team receives a Farm-In offer to appears under Financing. This is where a team can receive finance or money for a % of their own blocks


Farm-in

  • License OWNER decides whether to ACCEPT or REJECT the offer

  • Partnerships established every time a license owner accepts an offer.

  • Overview: On the main page, you can see all licenses. 1) licenses you operate, 2) licenses you have invested in, and other licenses.


Farm-in

All your farm-in offers to other teams are shown under “Investing”on the right-hand side of the homepage .

This is where a team offers investments to other teams for a % of their blocks


Partnerships

  • Partners pay a proportional share of all future costs

  • Partners receive a proportional share of the net proceeds from oil and gas

  • The operator team makes all decisions regarding drilling

  • Teams can farm-out up to 70% of licence

  • Operators must keep 30% of licence


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