Mapping Political Contexts
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Mapping Political Contexts. Mapping the Policy Context. RAPID Framework Stakeholder Analysis Force field analysis Policy Process Mapping Influence mapping Outcome Mapping. The Policy Cycle. (Young and Quinn, 2002). High. Keep Satisfied. Engage Closely. Power. Monitor (minimum effort).

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Mapping Political Contexts

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Mapping political contexts

Mapping Political Contexts


Mapping the policy context

Mapping the Policy Context

  • RAPID Framework

  • Stakeholder Analysis

  • Force field analysis

  • Policy Process Mapping

  • Influence mapping

  • Outcome Mapping


The policy cycle

The Policy Cycle

(Young and Quinn, 2002)


Stakeholder analysis

High

Keep Satisfied

Engage Closely

Power

Monitor (minimum effort)

Keep Informed

Low

Low

High

Interest

Stakeholder Analysis

  • Why:

  • To understand who gains or lose from a policy or project.

  • To help Build Consensus.

  • Steps:

  • Identify Stakeholders

  • Analysis Workshop

  • Develop Strategies


Forcefield analysis

Forcefield Analysis

  • Steps:

  • Identify a specific Change

  • Identify forces for and againsty change

  • Prioritise the forces

  • Develop Strategies to overcome opposing and reinforce supporting forces


Policy process workshops

Policy Process Workshops

  • Looking at internal policy processes – what works in DFID.

  • Small, informal workshop with 7 staff.

  • Participatory pair-wise ranking of factors influencing the success of 8 policy processes.

  • Worked quite well.

  • In DFID - agendas and processes rather than documents are key


Policy process mapping

Policy Process Mapping

  • General Context issues – domestic and international.

  • Specific Policy Issues (i.e. the policy cycle)

  • Who are the Stakeholders? (Stakeholder analysis)

    • Arena: government, parliament, civil society, judiciary, private sector.

    • Level: local, national, international

  • What is their Interest and Influence?

  • Process matrix + political matrix

  • Political and administrative feasibility assessment

    [Sources: M. Grindle / J. Court ]


Policy process mapping1

Policy Process Mapping

National & Local (& International)


Policy process mapping for smes

Policy Process Mapping for SMEs

  • Participants work on a set of actors related to policy processes

  • Steps:

    • Identify key actors that influence SME policy

    • Create Matrix: Organizations and Key Steps of the Policy Process

    • Describe Organizations’ formal position in the policy process

    • Describe Organizations’ informal influence on the policy process

    • Give a number rating (1=low; 5=high) for the influence each organization has on different parts of the policy process.


Policy process mapping2

Policy Process Mapping

Group 1 – Government

Group 2 – Political Society and Bureaucracy

Group 3 – Civil Society, Private Sector and International


Mapping political contexts

Group Work 1:

Mapping the political process

  • Within your area(s) – identify the key actors that influence SME policy formulation and/or implementation

  • Outline their formal and informal roles in formulation and/or implementation and write a description on an index card

  • Also identify, and write on the car where SME research is undertaken

  • Give a number rating (1=low; 5=high) for the influence each organization has on different parts of the policy process.


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