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Applying the Ecosystem Approach through IWRM- River Basin case study. Hillary M Masundire Chair, IUCN Commission on Ecosystem Management (outgoing) Department of Biological Sciences University of Botswana [email protected] What is IWRM ?.

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applying the ecosystem approach through iwrm river basin case study
Applying the Ecosystem Approach through IWRM- River Basin case study

Hillary M Masundire

Chair, IUCN Commission on Ecosystem Management (outgoing)

Department of Biological Sciences

University of Botswana

[email protected]

what is iwrm
What is IWRM?
  • A systematic process for the sustainable development, allocation and monitoring of water resource use in the context of social, economic and environmental objectives
  • A participatory planning and implementation process based on sound science, that brings stakeholders together to determine how to meet long-term needs for water and coastal resources while maintaining essential ecological services and economic benefits
  • Derives from the Dublin principles
  • Principles of IWRM
what is the ecosystem approach
What is the Ecosystem Approach?
  • a strategy for the integrated management of land, water and living resources that promotes conservation and sustainable use in an equitable way
  • Aims at achieving the 3 objectives of the CBD – sustainable use, conservation & equitable sharing of benefits
  • Guided by 12 Principles
some principles of iwrm
Some Principles of IWRM
  • Seem to variable but include
  • IWRM must be applied at catchment/ basin/watershed level
  • Integrate water and environmental management
  • A systems approach
  • Full stakeholder participation
  • Capacity building at all levels
  • Full-cost pricing alongside targeted subsidies
  • Central government to create and maintain an environment
  • Adopt best existing technology & practices
  • Equitable allocation of water resources
  • Water is an economic good
  • Strengthen the role of women in water management
principles of the ecosystem approach
Principles of the Ecosystem Approach
  • Objective setting – people’s choice
  • Decentralise management to lowest appropriate level
  • Ecosystems are inter-connected
  • Consider economic issues – avoid perverse incentives
  • Focus on ability of ecosystems to provide desired services
  • Ecosystems have limits to what they can provide
principles of the ecosystem approach1
Principles of the ecosystem approach

7. Manage at appropriate spatial and temporal scale

8. Set long-term objectives to be achieved by appropriate short-term actions

9. Change in ecosystems is inevitable

10. Balance conservation and use of biodiversity

11. Consider all forms of knowledge including IK

12. Consider all stakeholders

just a few challenges
just a few challenges?
  • Who is society? Who decides?
  • Who are ALL stakeholders?
  • What is appropriate devolvement of authority?
  • What is appropriate scale in space and time?
  • What ecosystem services to focus on – for who?
why the ecosystem approach
Why the Ecosystem Approach?
  • Provides a broad framework – for planning and implementing ALL development at all levels
  • IWRM is watercentric – a holistic approach with a focus on water
  • – a process,
  • Ecosystem approach on ALL sectors
  • An overarching strategy
the artificial paradigm

Economic

Social

Social

Economic

Bio-physical

environment

Environment

The artificial paradigm
criticisms shortcomings
Criticisms/shortcomings
  • Too academic – too theoretical
  • No guidance on how to apply practically
  • Is it necessary to apply all 12?
  • Where has it been used?
  • Where has it worked?
  • Gives too much power to local resources users?
  • Too much focus of nature?
  • Too much focus on economic issues?
  • Reduces the power of the nation-state?
  • Lack of understanding of ecosystem science: structure and functioning of ecosystems
operationally
operationally
  • Central governments need to know, understand and use the Ecosystem Approach as a planning and analytical tool for ALL sectors
  • IWRM should be applied within the framework of the Ecosystem Approach
  • Ecosystem approach provides policy framework, IWRM provides implementation process
in conclusion
In conclusion
  • The Ecosystem Approach offers an enabling framework for planning and implementing development in all sectors
  • IWRM can be a good example of how to apply the Ecosystem Approach
  • There is urgent need to develop capacity to mainstream the Ecosystem Approach
  • There is urgent need for specialised trainers and innovative training in this area.
  • Whatever we do – we should
  • Think ecosystem – Function ecosystem
  • Think locally, act globally? Act locally, think globally?
capacity development awareness
Capacity development & awareness
  • For Heads of States: 30 – 60 minutes presentations at summits
  • For Ministers: 30 – 60 minutes presentations at regional ministerial meetings
  • Breakfast seminars at up market hotels- including captains of industry & commerce
  • Build up from raising awareness to building understanding e.g. “we should capture every drop of rain that falls within our borders” “ My duty is to supply water to the people, I have nothing to do with ecosystems”
finally
finally
  • “Emancipate yourselves from mental slavery, none but ourselves can free our minds”
  • “If we don’t succeed, we run the risk of failure”
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