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# AP Practice Exams - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

AP Practice Exams . Hamlet Applied Practice Passage One and Two. Reminders… . 50% is a good score Most folks hovered between a 5 or 7 out of 15 Highest = 9/15 Desirably = 8/15 This is hard! . Questions. Did you read the questions first? Did it help? Did you hate it?

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### AP Practice Exams

Hamlet Applied Practice Passage One and Two

• 50% is a good score

• Most folks hovered between a 5 or 7 out of 15

• Highest = 9/15

• Desirably = 8/15

• This is hard!

• Did you read the questions first?

• Did it help? Did you hate it?

• Did you use process of elimination?

• Did you skip difficult questions?

• Did you get to all the questions?

• Personally, I had a hard time deciding between Irony and Paradox

• “sometime sister, now our queen”

• “defeated joy”

• “mirth in funeral”; “dirge in marriage”

• A. Irony – difference between Irony and Paradox

• Irony is the exact opposite in what is said and what is meant. It does not say dramatic irony, so we shouldn’t go there

• Paradox, on the other hand, is a statement that seems to be contradictory, but when you think about it, it is true and insightful. The intended message is the same as the stated message

• B. Alliteration – “sometime sister” and “delight and dole” are in the passage, BUT, it can not be said that it is a “primary” part of the passage

• D. Euphemism – What is understated?

• E. Hyperbole – What is exaggerated?

• D. concerning

• “He hath not fail’d to pester us with message/Importing the surrender of those lands/Lost by his father”

• Remember: Read the whole sentence and the sentence before and after before deciding

• It is a message he is pestering them with, and the message is about the surrender of the lands his father lost

• A. asking for – he is not asking for the surrender of the land – he is building an army to get the land back

• B. bringing in – he is not bringing the land back into his property at the time

• C. demanding – He is not demanding them – there’s no indication he is saying you must give me the lands or else. He is simply preparing an army to go and take the land

• E. suggesting – refer to asking for

• C. belief that “old Norway” will not serve as king much longer

• Nothing shows that they think the King of Norway will die soon; yes, he is old and sickly, but the very fact that they are writing him to fix the problem indicates their belief that he will live long enough to calm Fortinbras

• A. owe allegiance – “commend your duty” (43)

• B. desire for swifty action – “let your haste commend your duty” (42)

• D. concern for limits – “Giving to you no further personal power” (39)

• E. confidence in the two – “We doubt it nothing; heartily” (45)

• B. metonymy

• Is when a closely related object is used to represent an object or concept or person

• The throne is closely related to King Claudius, so when he says that that Laertes’ father is instrumental to the throne, he is saying Polonius is helpful to Claudius

• Other Examples

• The red pen could be used to refer to a teacher who likes to correct in red pen

• The teacher could be used to refer to a red pen

• A. litotes

• Understatement – but it is a specific kind of understatement – when the affirmative statement is understated by saying a negative statement

• Example: Say, you get a free ride to Harvard, and your parents say, “Not bad”.

• Activity: Write your own litotes to congratulate someone on winning the lottery

• C. syllepsis

• Use of a word to perform two syntactic functions when the numbers don’t agree

• Huh????

• Example: Neither he nor we are willing to go to the grocery story.

• He is singular; we is plural, so we use a syllepsis – a rule to follow or a compromise to make to allow one word to follow two rules: ARE is allowed to function as singular and plural

• D. chiasmus

• Reversal of a parallel phrase

• Example: I go not to the store; the store comes not to me.

• Activity: Please write the chiasmus for this phrase:

• I love peanut butter ice cream.

• E. synecdoche

• Use the part in place of the whole or vice versa

• The whole it represents = clothes

• Example: Texas promotes the death penalty.

• The whole = the state of Texas

• The part it represents = Texas legislature

• These two are easily confused – certain “experts” even say they are the same thing, but that is not going to fly.

• Metonymy – is a RELATED object

• Synecdoche is a PART of the SAME object

Ways to remember these silly words:

• My mommy is related to me (metonymy), but my sin is a part of me (synecdoche).

• My neck is a part of me, but Tony and I are only related.

Activity – Write down your own way to remember the difference

• C. I and II only

• Less than a son, but he does not look favorably on the King

• Hamlet agrees that he is related – and more than just a nephew (cousin means kin), BUT he is less than made from the same kind of stuff that Claudius is – he is less than a son.

• The fact that he doesn’t want to be considered his son = unfavorable tone

• We will look just at III – he does NOT reject the king’s notion that he is related – he says, “more than kin”.

• A. pun

• A pun is a play on words – where a word is meaning two things at once

• Hamlet says he is “too much in the sun”; son = sun is the pun

• Claudius asks him why he is still gloomy, and he says that he is in the sun too much – this only really makes sense if he is saying that he dislikes being considered Claudius’ son.

• B. allusion

• He is not alluding to anything

• C. metaphor

• The sun is not representing anything else

• D. symbol

• There is no symbol with the sun

• E. oxymoron

• There is no phrase with opposing words side by side

• E. 1st = external; 2nd = internal