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The Barbarian Invasions. By: Cassie Wooters and Kaitlyn Johnson. What were the Barbarian Invasions?. Period of human migration Marked transition from Late Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages. When were the Barbarian Invasions?. AD 300 to 700 First phase Second phase.

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The barbarian invasions

The Barbarian Invasions

By: Cassie Wooters and Kaitlyn Johnson


What were the barbarian invasions
What were the Barbarian Invasions?

  • Period of human migration

  • Marked transition from Late Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages


When were the barbarian invasions
When were the Barbarian Invasions?

  • AD 300 to 700

  • First phase

  • Second phase


Where were the barbarian invasions
Where were the Barbarian Invasions?

  • Europe

  • First Phase: into Roman Empire. Out of Northern Europe

  • Second Phase: Roman Empire, other sections of Europe


Causes of the barbarian invasions
Causes of the Barbarian Invasions

  • Extreme weather

  • Fall of Roman Empire

  • Collapse of Roman economic power

  • Arrival of Huns


How were the invasions went about
How were the invasions went about?

  • Weakened sense of Roman identity

  • Organization not based on Roman models

  • Not dependent on Roman gold



Roman empire late 2 nd early 3 rd century
Roman Empire- late 2nd early 3rd century


First phase invasions
First Phase Invasions

  • Steady movement of Germanic tribes

  • Franks

  • Integrated into original populations

  • Least dangerous


First phase invasions1
First Phase Invasions

2nd to 5th century migrations


Second phase invasions
Second Phase Invasions

  • Huns

  • Weakened Roman state

  • Visigoths and Vandals

  • New cultural group

  • Magyars and Vikings

  • Violent




Timeline 5 th century
Timeline- 5th century

  • Visigoth penetration into Italy (401-415)

  • Ostrogoths destroyed by Romans

  • Suaves, Vandals, Alans invade Spain(409-439)

  • Huns invade Gaul

  • Vandals attack again



Timeline viking attacks
Timeline- Viking Attacks

  • 793- 911

  • Very violent

  • Successful for the Danish

  • Attacks: Ireland, Thames River, English Channel, Rhine and Escalda Rivers, Lisbon and Seville (failed), England, and Paris

  • Conquered: Orkney and Hebrides islands, Ireland, and England





Timeline magyar attacks
Timeline- Magyar Attacks

  • 899-955

  • Less violent

  • Not very successful compared to Viking attacks

  • Invasions: Lorraine and Saxony

  • Attacks: Saxony, Italy, and Bavaria (failed)


Effects of first phase invasions
Effects of First Phase Invasions

  • European set back

  • Replacement

  • Economic fragmentation


Effects of second phase invasions
Effects of Second Phase Invasions

  • Franks formed the basis of modern day France and Germany

  • Militarized society

  • Magyars defeated

  • Vikings accepted Christianity

  • Church channeled violence into Crusades



Question 1
Question #1

  • All of the following terms/phrases are associated with The Barbarian Invasions EXCEPT?:

    • Ostrogoths

    • The Roman Empire

    • European Monarchies

    • Extreme Weather


Question 2
Question #2

Which statement best describes the downfall of the Roman Empire?

a. The disintegration of Roman economic power weakened groups formerly dependent of Roman gifts and combined with the arrival of the Huns, many groups invaded the provinces.

b. The changes in the administration which took place were the result of the breakdown in Roman political control which exposed the weakness of Roman rule at the local level resulting in military takeovers.

c. Economic fragmentation removed many of the political, cultural and economic forces that initially bound the empire together.

d. The flooding of tribes into Roman provinces ended classical urbanism and began new types of rural settlements.


Question 3
Question #3

Which of the following statements are correct?

1. The Maygar attacks were not as successful as the Viking attacks.

2. The first phase invasions boosted Europe’s economy.

3. The second phase invasions took place in the Roman empire and other sections of Europe.

4 . The Ostrogoth’s were destroyed by the Romans.

only 1 is correct

2 and 4 are correct

1, 3 and 4 are correct

2, 3 and 4 are correct


Question 4
Question #4

Which of the following choices is a result of the other four?:

a. Magyar defeated

b. Crusades

c. Second Phase Invasions

d. Vikings accepted Christianity

e. Franks formed basis of today’s Germany and France


Question 5
Question #5

The main causes of the Barbarian Invasions were the fall of the ____, extreme weather, ________, and the collapse of Roman economic power.

A. European nations, decreasing amounts of food available

B. Roman Empire, increasing political differences in Rome’s government

C. Roman Empire, arrival of the Huns

D. Magyar Empire, civil war within Europe


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