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Russia Under Lenin. By: Andrew Gibson Group 2. The November Revolution. In November of 1917, Lenin started to further the revolution. After the government sent more unsuccessful troops into Germany, troops mutinied and workers overthrew the government.

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Russia under lenin

Russia Under Lenin

By: Andrew Gibson

Group 2


The november revolution
The November Revolution

  • In November of 1917, Lenin started to further the revolution.

  • After the government sent more unsuccessful troops into Germany, troops mutinied and workers overthrew the government.

  • The Bolsheviks took control of Moscow, made it their capital, and set up a socialist country.


Under siege
Under Siege

  • Lenin quickly made peace with Germany by signing the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, giving up a large amount of land and a third of its population.

  • Civil war then began between the new Red Army and the Whites and lasted for three years.

  • Whites were loyal to the czar and against revolution.


Under siege cont
Under Siege (cont.)

  • The Allies also sent troops to help the Whites, wanting Russia to continue the war on Germany.

  • The Communists adopted a policy of “war communism” taking the banks, mines, factories, and railroads for the government.

  • Eventually, the Communists beat the counterrevolutionaries, but the country was still in chaos.


Lenin builds a communist state
Lenin Builds a Communist State

  • The constitution of Russia was written by the Communists in 1922, trying to feel both democratic and socialist.

  • They then set up an elected legislature, called the Supreme Soviet, and allowed all citizens over 18 to vote.

  • In reality, the Communist Party ruled the country, not the people. It used the army and secret police as enforcers.


Lenin builds a communist state cont
Lenin Builds a Communist State (cont.)

  • In 1921, Lenin dropped his policy of “war communism” and adopted the New Economic Policy, or NEP.

  • This allowed small businesses to open, and the government took less grain from the peasants.

  • This allowed the country’s economy to recover, but Lenin only saw this as a temporary break from “pure” communism.


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