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Training on ETD’s in Developing Coutries (some considerations). ETD 2003 Humboldt U Berlin May 2003. Ana Pavani Departamento de Engenharia Elétrica PUC-Rio Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Developing X Developed Nations - differences: Quality of life Access to education

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Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

Training on ETD’s in Developing Coutries

(some considerations)

ETD 2003

Humboldt U

Berlin May 2003


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

Ana Pavani

Departamento de Engenharia Elétrica

PUC-Rio

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations



Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations



Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

  • This means that:

  • Universities have different levels of library

    automation (1)

  • Infrastructure (networks, computers, etc) is

    quite different among institutions (1)

  • Staff have different levels of training in

    ICT tools (2)

  • Staff have different levels of knowlegde on

    the use of ICT to libraries, education and

    culture (2)


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

At the same time:

The situation has been under constant evolution (in Latin America) and the conditions are improving!


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

  • Characteristics of the training program:

  • Must be flexible to adjust to different

    groups

  • Must be adaptive to include new topics (for

    example OAI), national aspects (MTD-Br) and

    to address the situation that the groups

    have better backgrounds


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

  • Objectives of the training program:

  • To provide a minimum common level on

    information and ICT tools to start a joint

    project

  • To present the basic concepts of digital

    information, digital libraries, digital library

    processes, ETD’s, metadata, etc.


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

  • To develop the idea of team work among

    the different areas of the university

    (Thanx Joan!!)

  • To identify the important aspects and

    steps of an ETD Project

  • To guide the students in writing a pre-

    project to be taken back to their

    institutions and help them analyze the local

    situations, needs, priorities, etc.


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

  • Contents of the training program (as of today):

  • Information, digital information, ICT and

    digital libraries

  • Standards, metadata and the OAI-PMH

  • The ETD Project – processes, intellectual

    property, basic definitions for new T&D’s

    and retrospective capture


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

  • Training program in LA (Aug.2000 - May.2003):

  • Colombia (Aug.00) – UNESCO (3) / ISTEC (4)–

    9 attendees

  • Uruguay (Dec.00) – UNESCO (3)– 16 attendees

  • Brazil (Apr.01) – UNESCO (3)– 24 attendees

  • Uruguay (Nov.01) – UNESCO (3) / ISTEC (4)–

    20 attendees

  • Panama (Nov.02) – ISTEC (3)– 20+ attendees

  • Brazil (May.03) – UFRN (3)– 65 attendees


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

  • Training program in LA (after May.2003):

  • Brazil (Jun.03) – UNESCO (3)– confirmed with

    60 attendees (expected)

  • Brazil (Jul.03) – UFMG (3)– confirmed with

    60 attendees (expected)

  • Brazil (Jul or Aug.03) – UFRJ (3)– planned

  • Brazil (Aug or Sep.03) – CAPES (3)– planned

  • Brazil (Sep or Oct.03) – UFOP (3)– planned



Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

Students (2000 – 2003):


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

  • Observations:

  • Number of training sessions per year is

    increasing – more interest

  • Number of students per session is

    increasing – more interest

  • Profile of students is changing – knowledge of

    ICT tools and interest on DL are improving

  • Universities are funding their sessions –

    more commitment


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

  • Number of ETD projects:

  • 1995 – 1

  • 1999 – 2 (one has defined legal aspects but not

    implemented the system & ETD’s)

  • 2000 – 1

  • 2001 – 2

  • 2002 – 2

  • 2003 – 4






Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

  • Possible reasons for change (Brazil):

  • Broader access to information and ICT in

    general

  • Better infrastructure in general

  • Support from UNESCO & ISTEC and

    volunteer work in the beginning of the

    training activities


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

  • ETD projects became visible

  • Investment of MCT through IBICT to

    create BDTD

  • A lot of volunteer work (many people) to

    create BDTD

  • Support from VT/NDLTD in implementing

    OAI-PMH and IBICT’s kit for BDTD


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

BDTD

=

Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações

=

Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations

=

BDTD

Created and managed by IBICT – Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia



Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

  • Conclusions (??):

  • Some initial support to start (UNESCO &

    ISTEC)

  • Volunteer work (people who believe)

  • Collaboration (VT/NDLTD)

  • Gov’t policy and investment (BDTD/IBICT)


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

  • Conclusions (??):

  • People who are enthusiastic and want to

    start new projects

    General motivation:

    The importance of wideworld access to information


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

General motivation:

The importance of wideworld access to (scholarly) information


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

  • BDTD – OAI-PMH:

  • Dec.2002 – first data harvest by IBICT

    (service provider) from data providers:

     PUC-Rio:

    http://139.82.199.19:8200/cgi-bin/OAI.PL

     USP:

    http://www.teses.usp.br/cgi-bin/oai2.pl


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

  • BDTD – Special characteristics:

  • OAI service provider to national ETD’s

  • OAI data provider to international union

    catalog (NDLTD)

  • MTD-Br is compliant with ETD-ms (NDLTD)

  • MTD-Br contains elements that address

    information needs of funding agencies


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

  • MTD-Br contains links to Lattes (CNPq)

  • Integration of T&D’s (will convert BT’s 130 K

    records) and ETD’s on the same database

  • BDTD harvests data from OAI-compliant

    repositories

  • BDTD will receive data from non-OAI

    repositories


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

  • IBICT-BDTD – Current activities:

  • Kits were distributed (to 3 pilot institutions)

    and are under examination – Apr/May.03

  • Evaluation of results with pilot institutions

    in May-June.03

  • Distribution of kits to other institutions

    after evaluation of results


Training on etd s in developing coutries some considerations

  • Brazil & the international cenarium:

  • MTD-Br is compliant with ETD-ms

  • Info that is language dependent is written

    in (pt & en) or (pt & en & es)

  • Number of ETD’s is significant in the

    cenarium 7-8 K / 25-30 (?) K


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