Failed Policies: A Diplomatic History of Modern US-Cuban Relations
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Failed Policies: A Diplomatic History of Modern US-Cuban Relations. Al Jacobs South Georgia History Project Wiregrass History Consortium. In the past 50 years, nearly every nation in the world has liberalized and entered the global economy. Cuba is a notable exception.

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Failed Policies: A Diplomatic History of Modern US-Cuban Relations

Al Jacobs

South Georgia History Project

Wiregrass History Consortium


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In the past 50 years, nearly every nation in the world has liberalized and entered the global economy.

Cuba is a notable exception.

Why?


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Major Themes liberalized and entered the global economy.

Castro has out-maneuvered every US President since Kennedy – How?

What is the future of Cuba?

Major Themes

References:

Zbigniew Brezinski papers, Carter Presidential Library

Books – see handout


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90 miles from the US liberalized and entered the global economy.

Unique culture

Large and fertile

An ideal resort destination


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Since 1958, every US President’s policies for Cuba have failed, most in a spectacular manner.

Why?


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Cuba failed, most in a spectacular manner. –

Playground

of the

Western

Hemisphere


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Meyer Lansky failed, most in a spectacular manner.

Fulgencio Batista


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January 1959 failed, most in a spectacular manner.

Triumph of the

Revolution


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January 1960 failed, most in a spectacular manner.


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Confrontation failed, most in a spectacular manner.

January 1960 – November 1963


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Bay of Pigs – APR 17, 1961 failed, most in a spectacular manner.


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Operation Mongoose failed, most in a spectacular manner.

  • De-stabilization

    NOV ’61- APR ’64

  • Sabotage and Subversion

  • Assassination Attempts

    Mafia involvement


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13 Days in October 1962 failed, most in a spectacular manner. The Cuban Missile Crisis


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Johnson – Nixon failed, most in a spectacular manner.

1965-1975

Support of Vietnam

General Agriculture

& Economic Failures

Export of La Revolucion to

Latin America & Africa

Soviet Proxy State

Cuban Exile Destabilization


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Jimmy Carter failed, most in a spectacular manner.

The Mariel Boat Lift

April 1980

125,000 Cubans

1425 criminals and persons with mental illness repatriated

600 remain in US prisons today

Most Marielitos are now citizens.


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Reagan-Bush failed, most in a spectacular manner.

Iran-Contra Affair

Cuban support of Daniel Ortega and the Sandinista government in Nicaragua


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“Periodo Especial en Tiempo de Paz” failed, most in a spectacular manner. Fidel Castro

  • Soviet subsidy withdrawal in 1990 leads to economic freefall.

  • One crop economy

  • US embargo


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Clinton failed, most in a spectacular manner.

Balseros – the New Immigrants.

AUG 1994 – 32,000 rafters


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Elian Gonzales-Apr 2000 failed, most in a spectacular manner.

Question – Did this picture

a. Cost Al Gore the 2000 vote in FL? ,or

b. Make Janet Reno a pariah in her hometown?, or

c. both?

HINT:

You can’t guess

wrong here!


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Bush, 2005 failed, most in a spectacular manner.

Will he ever die?

Will it matter?


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Cuba Today failed, most in a spectacular manner.


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Jineteras failed, most in a spectacular manner.

Helms-Burton

Who does it hurt?


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“Fidel is an old man who can’t admit he made a mistake failed, most in a spectacular manner. .”

Cuban official


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THE GREAT DAY failed, most in a spectacular manner. Hurrah for revolution and more cannon-shot!A beggar upon horseback lashes a beggar on foot,Hurrah for revolution and cannon come again!The beggars have changed places but the lash goes on.William Butler Yeats


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