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Failed Policies: A Diplomatic History of Modern US-Cuban Relations

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Failed Policies: A Diplomatic History of Modern US-Cuban Relations. Al Jacobs South Georgia History Project Wiregrass History Consortium. In the past 50 years, nearly every nation in the world has liberalized and entered the global economy. Cuba is a notable exception.

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slide1

Failed Policies: A Diplomatic History of Modern US-Cuban Relations

Al Jacobs

South Georgia History Project

Wiregrass History Consortium

slide2

In the past 50 years, nearly every nation in the world has liberalized and entered the global economy.

Cuba is a notable exception.

Why?

major themes

Major Themes

Castro has out-maneuvered every US President since Kennedy – How?

What is the future of Cuba?

Major Themes

References:

Zbigniew Brezinski papers, Carter Presidential Library

Books – see handout

slide4

90 miles from the US

Unique culture

Large and fertile

An ideal resort destination

slide5

Since 1958, every US President’s policies for Cuba have failed, most in a spectacular manner.

Why?

slide6

Cuba –

Playground

of the

Western

Hemisphere

slide7

Meyer Lansky

Fulgencio Batista

slide8

January 1959

Triumph of the

Revolution

slide10

Confrontation

January 1960 – November 1963

operation mongoose
Operation Mongoose
  • De-stabilization

NOV ’61- APR ’64

  • Sabotage and Subversion
  • Assassination Attempts

Mafia involvement

slide17

Johnson – Nixon

1965-1975

Support of Vietnam

General Agriculture

& Economic Failures

Export of La Revolucion to

Latin America & Africa

Soviet Proxy State

Cuban Exile Destabilization

slide18

Jimmy Carter

The Mariel Boat Lift

April 1980

125,000 Cubans

1425 criminals and persons with mental illness repatriated

600 remain in US prisons today

Most Marielitos are now citizens.

slide19

Reagan-Bush

Iran-Contra Affair

Cuban support of Daniel Ortega and the Sandinista government in Nicaragua

periodo especial en tiempo de paz fidel castro
“Periodo Especial en Tiempo de Paz”Fidel Castro
  • Soviet subsidy withdrawal in 1990 leads to economic freefall.
  • One crop economy
  • US embargo
slide21

Clinton

Balseros – the New Immigrants.

AUG 1994 – 32,000 rafters

slide22

Elian Gonzales-Apr 2000

Question – Did this picture

a. Cost Al Gore the 2000 vote in FL? ,or

b. Make Janet Reno a pariah in her hometown?, or

c. both?

HINT:

You can’t guess

wrong here!

slide23

Bush, 2005

Will he ever die?

Will it matter?

slide28

Jineteras

Helms-Burton

Who does it hurt?

slide31

THE GREAT DAYHurrah for revolution and more cannon-shot!A beggar upon horseback lashes a beggar on foot,Hurrah for revolution and cannon come again!The beggars have changed places but the lash goes on.William Butler Yeats

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