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What are we going to call the first people who lived in North America? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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?. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. What are we going to call the first people who lived in North America?. Where did The First Occupants come from?. How did the First Occupants get to North America ?.

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What are we going to call the first people who lived in North America?








Because the 3 groups of First Occupants lived in different places, they lived in different ways


Iroquoians the way they lived
Iroquoians: the way they lived

  • Iroquoians lived in the St-Lawrence Valley

  • The soil was very FERTILE

  • Fertile means good for growing vegetables


Iroquoians were farmers
Iroquoians were farmers!

  • They grew vegetables

  • corn, beans, squash

  • Men hunted animals sometimes for meat

  • Farming is where they got most of their food


Iroquoians stayed in the same place
Iroquoians stayed in the same place

  • Because they were farmers

  • They grew food

  • They lived close to where they grew food

  • Staying in one place is called SEDENTARY

  • Iroquoians had a sedentary way of life


Iroquoian homes
Iroquoian Homes

  • Iroquoians lived in villages

  • There were a lot of houses in the village.

  • The houses were called ‘LONGHOUSES’



Longhouses were made of
Longhouses were made of….

  • Wood

  • Bark from trees

  • Animal fur and bones

  • Other natural materials


Villages were protected
Villages were protected

  • Iroquoian villages were protected by a wall

  • This wall was made out of large pieces of wood

  • The wall protected the village from attacks


Iroquoians con t
Iroquoians Con’t

  • How did they travel?

    • Travel by foot (snowshoes in winter) or by canoe (on waterways)

  • What did their housing look like?

    • They built semi-permanent structures called ‘longhouses’

    • Each longhouse housed several families


Iroquoians con t1
Iroquoians Con’t

  • How did they farm, hunt and store food?

    • Simple tools like stone axes, bows/arrows and baskets allowed them to live and maintain a sedentary life

  • Animal skins/furs comprised most of their clothing  trade with Algonkian tribes


Iroquoians con t2
Iroquoians Con’t

  • Why were longhouses semi-permanent?

    • Every 8-10 years, the soil the Iroquoian tribes farmed became infertile…so they had to change where they lived

    • A new Group of longhouses was built elsewhere


Iroquoians con t3
Iroquoians Con’t

  • Iroquoian social structure was known as MATRIARCHAL

  • What did this mean for them?

    • Women made important decisions, were the leaders of permanent settlements and decided who would be the chief of the tribe/village (a man)


Algonkians their way of life
Algonkians: their way of life

  • Algonkian groups lived in the ‘Canadian Shield’ and Appalachian Mountain Regions  NOT FERTILE

  • NON FERTILE= hunting and gathering= NOMADIC


Algonkians con t
AlgonkiansCon’t

  • They did not farm like the Iroqouian tribes, so they relied on hunting animals and gathering wild vegetation like berries

  • Summertime=fishing grounds

  • What was their housing like?

    • Small/portable dwellings called wigwams

    • 2-4 families per wigwam


Algonkians con t1
AlgonkiansCon’t

  • How did Algonkians travel?

    • Foot, canoe, snowshoes, tobogans

  • Tools?

    • Bows/arrows, stone axes, fishing implements like nets


Algonkians con t2
AlgonkiansCon’t

  • The social structure= PATRIARCHY

  • What does that mean?

  • The opposite of MATRIARCHAL

  • Men made important decisions and were placed in leadership roles


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