Origins of anti western resentment in the middle east
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Origins of anti-Western resentment in the Middle East. Azamat Sakiev Political Science University of Wyoming October 4, 2012. World War I and the Collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Sharif Hussein and the Arab Revolt (1916-1918) Significant Arab contribution to the victory

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Origins of anti-Western resentment in the Middle East

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Origins of anti western resentment in the middle east

Origins of anti-Western resentment in the Middle East

Azamat Sakiev

Political Science

University of Wyoming

October 4, 2012


World war i and the collapse of the ottoman empire

World War I and the Collapse of the Ottoman Empire

  • Sharif Hussein and the Arab Revolt (1916-1918)

  • Significant Arab contribution to the victory

  • Treaty of Versailles and exclusion of Arab nations


Establishment of the european mandate system

Establishment of the European Mandate system

Political domination of the Middle East:

Britain: Egypt, Palestine, Iraq, Jordan

Sudan, Yemen, Oman

France: North Africa (Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco), Syria, Lebanon

Italy: Libya


Arab nationalism and clash with european colonization

Arab nationalism and clash with European Colonization

  • Michel Aflaq and Saladin Bitar

  • Baath Party and rise of secular Arab nationalism

  • Territorial delineation, creation of nation-states:

    • Lebanon

    • Allawite state (short-lived)

    • Iraq

    • Jordan

    • Syria

    • Oman

    • Yemen


Creation of israel under british mandate

Creation of Israel under British Mandate

  • Belfour declaration and the idea of a state of Israel as an independent political entity

  • Mass migration of (mostly European) Jewish diasporas into Palestine

  • Exodus of refugees; the plight of Palestinians


Post colonial domination

Post-colonial domination

  • “Transfer” of domination from Europe to US

  • Political interference; overthrow of popular leaders (Iran, Algeria)

  • Western support for regional autocrats (Egypt, Gulf states)

  • Western military presence/occupation (Lebanon, Iraq, military installations in Saudi Arabia)


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