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Origins of anti-Western resentment in the Middle East. Azamat Sakiev Political Science University of Wyoming October 4, 2012. World War I and the Collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Sharif Hussein and the Arab Revolt (1916-1918) Significant Arab contribution to the victory

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origins of anti western resentment in the middle east

Origins of anti-Western resentment in the Middle East

Azamat Sakiev

Political Science

University of Wyoming

October 4, 2012

world war i and the collapse of the ottoman empire
World War I and the Collapse of the Ottoman Empire
  • Sharif Hussein and the Arab Revolt (1916-1918)
  • Significant Arab contribution to the victory
  • Treaty of Versailles and exclusion of Arab nations
establishment of the european mandate system
Establishment of the European Mandate system

Political domination of the Middle East:

Britain: Egypt, Palestine, Iraq, Jordan

Sudan, Yemen, Oman

France: North Africa (Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco), Syria, Lebanon

Italy: Libya

arab nationalism and clash with european colonization
Arab nationalism and clash with European Colonization
  • Michel Aflaq and Saladin Bitar
  • Baath Party and rise of secular Arab nationalism
  • Territorial delineation, creation of nation-states:
    • Lebanon
    • Allawite state (short-lived)
    • Iraq
    • Jordan
    • Syria
    • Oman
    • Yemen
creation of israel under british mandate
Creation of Israel under British Mandate
  • Belfour declaration and the idea of a state of Israel as an independent political entity
  • Mass migration of (mostly European) Jewish diasporas into Palestine
  • Exodus of refugees; the plight of Palestinians
post colonial domination
Post-colonial domination
  • “Transfer” of domination from Europe to US
  • Political interference; overthrow of popular leaders (Iran, Algeria)
  • Western support for regional autocrats (Egypt, Gulf states)
  • Western military presence/occupation (Lebanon, Iraq, military installations in Saudi Arabia)
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