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Anorexia Nervosa . By: Janie Vazquez Period 1 Ms. Marsh April 18,2012. Definition:. Literally means “without Appetite” Eating disorder that is characterized when a person refuses to eat constantly leading to dangerous low body weight . Associated Features . Four symptoms:

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anorexia nervosa

Anorexia Nervosa

By: Janie Vazquez

Period 1

Ms. Marsh

April 18,2012

definition
Definition:
  • Literally means “without Appetite”
  • Eating disorder that is characterized when a person refuses to eat constantlyleading to dangerous low body weight
associated features
Associated Features
  • Four symptoms:
    • Refuse or are unable to maintain normal weight
    • Intense fear of gaining weight
    • They have a distorted perception
    • Miss three menstrual cycles in a row(beyond puberty)
two subtypes of anorexia
Two subtypes of Anorexia
  • Restricting type Behaviors
      • Abuse laxatives and diet pills
      • A desire to exercise and they do it many times
  • Binge eating/ purging type behaviors
      • They overeat and then get rid of it by forcing themselves to vomit
dsm iv tr criteria
DSM- IV- TR criteria
  • Characterized by a refusal to maintain a minimally normal body weight
  • Diagnostic Criteria
    • refusal to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for age and height
    • intense fear in gaining weight or becoming fat, even though underweight
    • Disturbance in the way in which one’s body weight or shape is experienced, undue influence of body weight or shape on self- evaluation, or denial of the seriousness of the current low body weight
continuation
Continuation
  • In postmenarcheal females, amenorrhea, the absence of at least three consecutive (continuous) menstrual cycles
  • Subtypes
    • Restricting type:
      • weight loss in accomplished through dieting, fasting, or excessive exercise
      • Not regularly engaged in binge eating or purging
    • Binge Eating/ Purging Type :
    • Eat a lot in a short period of time and then get rid of it through self- induced vomiting ,misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or enemas.
abnormalities
Abnormalities

Starvation:

  • menstrual disturbance
  • Muscular weakness
  • Dry and cracking skin
  • Slowed heartbeat
  • Yellowing of the skin
  • Vomiting:
  • Scarring of hand skin from contact with teeth
  • Dental enamel erosion
etiology theories
Etiology(Theories)
  • There is no real cure for anorexia. (Tracey Gold)
  • Psychological Perspective
      • develops in young people who has a very troubling life and pain. They become obsessed with bodily issues, often turning to food for feelings of comfort.
      • Some women have a history…
      • Some become trapped in a cycle of dieting and weight loss
theories
Theories
  • Cognitive Factors
    • They avoid problems rather than solving them
    • Food = Emotional Comfort
    • Have difficulties forming their identity
    • They want to assert their independence from a overly family
    • Develop abnormal eating patterns to separate from parents
slide10

Biological Perspective

    • Abnormalities in possible genetic links
      • have abnormalities in serotonin
      • Regulation of feelings of hunger or satiety(fullness)
      • Lack of serotonin = feelings of hunger (leads to binge)
      • Excess of serotonin = feelings of fullness (leads to anorexia)
other factors
Other factors
  • Media images idealize extremely thin bodies in celebrities
  • Society encourages dieting
  • Relationships between image, dissatisfaction, and social anxiety serves as the basis of eating disorders.
  • History of childhood obesity…
prevalence
Prevalence
  • Ranges from a low .05 % to a high 3.7% in women.
  • Eating disorders still afflicted one in five women in a study after 10 years.
  • Epidemic among adolescent females
  • Vulnerable group are girls between 15-24
  • White women are affected more than black women
types of treatment
Types of Treatment
  • Psychotherapy:
    • Includes individual, group, and family based therapy
  • Support Groups:
    • provide advice and prepare them for therapy
  • Medication:
    • deals with persons who have depression
  • Hospitalization
    • provides a safe environment
references
References
  • CNN Health . (2005). Anorexia Nervosa. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/HEALTH/library/anorexia/DS00606.html
  • Halgin, R.P.& Whitbourne, S.K.(2005). Abnormal psychology: clinical perspectives on psychological disorders. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  • Incidence, prevalence and mortality of anorexia nervosa and other eating disorders. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16721169
  • Medline Plus . (1997-2012). Anorxeianervosa. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000362.htm
  • Medscape. (2004). Prevalence of eating disorders: results. Retrieved from http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/487413_3
  • Slowik, G. (n.d.).Anorexia nervosa: what are the treatments for anorexia nervosa?. Retrieved from http://ehealthmd.com/content/what-are-treatments-anorexia- nervosa
discussion questions
Discussion Questions:
  • How do you think the family may feel when they find out their family member has anorexia?
  • What can you do if you suspect if a person has anorexia nervosa?
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