Anorexia nervosa
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Anorexia Nervosa . By: Janie Vazquez Period 1 Ms. Marsh April 18,2012. Definition:. Literally means “without Appetite” Eating disorder that is characterized when a person refuses to eat constantly leading to dangerous low body weight . Associated Features . Four symptoms:

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Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia Nervosa

By: Janie Vazquez

Period 1

Ms. Marsh

April 18,2012


Definition

Definition:

  • Literally means “without Appetite”

  • Eating disorder that is characterized when a person refuses to eat constantlyleading to dangerous low body weight


Associated features

Associated Features

  • Four symptoms:

    • Refuse or are unable to maintain normal weight

    • Intense fear of gaining weight

    • They have a distorted perception

    • Miss three menstrual cycles in a row(beyond puberty)


Two subtypes of anorexia

Two subtypes of Anorexia

  • Restricting type Behaviors

    • Abuse laxatives and diet pills

    • A desire to exercise and they do it many times

  • Binge eating/ purging type behaviors

    • They overeat and then get rid of it by forcing themselves to vomit


  • Dsm iv tr criteria

    DSM- IV- TR criteria

    • Characterized by a refusal to maintain a minimally normal body weight

    • Diagnostic Criteria

      • refusal to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for age and height

      • intense fear in gaining weight or becoming fat, even though underweight

      • Disturbance in the way in which one’s body weight or shape is experienced, undue influence of body weight or shape on self- evaluation, or denial of the seriousness of the current low body weight


    Continuation

    Continuation

    • In postmenarcheal females, amenorrhea, the absence of at least three consecutive (continuous) menstrual cycles

    • Subtypes

      • Restricting type:

        • weight loss in accomplished through dieting, fasting, or excessive exercise

        • Not regularly engaged in binge eating or purging

      • Binge Eating/ Purging Type :

      • Eat a lot in a short period of time and then get rid of it through self- induced vomiting ,misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or enemas.


    Abnormalities

    Abnormalities

    Starvation:

    • menstrual disturbance

    • Muscular weakness

    • Dry and cracking skin

    • Slowed heartbeat

    • Yellowing of the skin

    • Vomiting:

    • Scarring of hand skin from contact with teeth

    • Dental enamel erosion


    Etiology theories

    Etiology(Theories)

    • There is no real cure for anorexia. (Tracey Gold)

    • Psychological Perspective

      • develops in young people who has a very troubling life and pain. They become obsessed with bodily issues, often turning to food for feelings of comfort.

      • Some women have a history…

      • Some become trapped in a cycle of dieting and weight loss


    Theories

    Theories

    • Cognitive Factors

      • They avoid problems rather than solving them

      • Food = Emotional Comfort

      • Have difficulties forming their identity

      • They want to assert their independence from a overly family

      • Develop abnormal eating patterns to separate from parents


    Anorexia nervosa

    • Biological Perspective

      • Abnormalities in possible genetic links

        • have abnormalities in serotonin

        • Regulation of feelings of hunger or satiety(fullness)

        • Lack of serotonin = feelings of hunger (leads to binge)

        • Excess of serotonin = feelings of fullness (leads to anorexia)


    Other factors

    Other factors

    • Media images idealize extremely thin bodies in celebrities

    • Society encourages dieting

    • Relationships between image, dissatisfaction, and social anxiety serves as the basis of eating disorders.

    • History of childhood obesity…


    Prevalence

    Prevalence

    • Ranges from a low .05 % to a high 3.7% in women.

    • Eating disorders still afflicted one in five women in a study after 10 years.

    • Epidemic among adolescent females

    • Vulnerable group are girls between 15-24

    • White women are affected more than black women


    Types of treatment

    Types of Treatment

    • Psychotherapy:

      • Includes individual, group, and family based therapy

    • Support Groups:

      • provide advice and prepare them for therapy

    • Medication:

      • deals with persons who have depression

    • Hospitalization

      • provides a safe environment


    References

    References

    • CNN Health . (2005). Anorexia Nervosa. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/HEALTH/library/anorexia/DS00606.html

    • Halgin, R.P.& Whitbourne, S.K.(2005). Abnormal psychology: clinical perspectives on psychological disorders. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

    • Incidence, prevalence and mortality of anorexia nervosa and other eating disorders. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16721169

    • Medline Plus . (1997-2012). Anorxeianervosa. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000362.htm

    • Medscape. (2004). Prevalence of eating disorders: results. Retrieved from http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/487413_3

    • Slowik, G. (n.d.).Anorexia nervosa: what are the treatments for anorexia nervosa?. Retrieved from http://ehealthmd.com/content/what-are-treatments-anorexia-nervosa


    Discussion questions

    Discussion Questions:

    • How do you think the family may feel when they find out their family member has anorexia?

    • What can you do if you suspect if a person has anorexia nervosa?


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