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Topic 2: Information Communication Internet Censorship in China From July 2009 Ürümqi Riots point of view. Dan Ru ISYM-540-P 07/09/2009. July 2009 Ürümqi Riots . Date : July 5 th 2009

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Dan Ru ISYM-540-P 07/09/2009

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Dan ru isym 540 p 07 09 2009

Topic 2: Information CommunicationInternet Censorship in ChinaFrom July 2009 Ürümqi Riots point of view

Dan Ru

ISYM-540-P

07/09/2009


July 2009 r mqi riots

July 2009 Ürümqi Riots

  • Date: July 5th 2009

  • Location: Ürümqi – the capital city of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in the northwestern China

  • Death toll: at least 156 & 1,000 injured

  • Ethnic groups:

    • Han – Chinese majority

    • Uyghur – a Turkic ethic group, predominantly Muslim


Communications

Communications

  • Cell-phone Service

    • China Mobile – suspended

    • China Unicom – no interruption

    • Outbound international calls – blocked

  • Internet Service

    • Connection – locked down

    • Government’s website – inaccessible

    • Unauthorized posting – “harmonized”

    • Twitter, YouTube, Flickr – blocked


  • Government

    Government

    • Hundreds of military police

      Tear gas, water hoses, armored vehicles, road blocks, and curfews

    • Chinese media

      • Immediately TV broadcast

      • Graphic footage

        • cars being smashed and people being beaten

  • Foreign media

    • 100 media organization – invited hrs after riot stopped

    • Unprecedented access – trouble spots and hospitals

    • Share 30 internet connections


  • Chinese netizens

    Chinese Netizens

    • Despite blocks and censorship

    • Continues attempts to divulge their thoughts

      • Some support government

      • Many ethnically charged – deleted

  • “Tomb-digging”

    continuously extending threads on forum at a rate faster than the censor’s deletion


  • Media comments

    Media Comments

    • China doesn’t have a great deal to hide

    • Astonished

      • the speed Beijing seize news agenda

      • released videos hours not weeks

      • learned from Iran, Georgia, Ukraine

  • Protest in 21st century

    Internet and mobile communication devices helped protesters organize and reach the outside world


  • Internet censorship in china

    Internet Censorship in China

    • Wide variety of laws

    • > 60 internet regulations

    • Exception: Hong Kong & Macau

    • Goal:

      • neutralize critical online opinion

      • Example: anti-Japanese, anti-pollution, anti-corruption Falun Gong …

  • Imprisoned journalists & cyber-dissidents


  • Dan ru isym 540 p 07 09 2009

    No unit or individual may use the internet to create, replicate, retrieve or transmit the following kind of information:

    • Inciting to resist or breaking the Constitution or laws or the implementation of administrative regulations;

    • Inciting to overthrow the government or the socialist system;

    • Inciting division of the country, harming national unification;

    • Inciting hatred or discrimination among nationalities or harming the unity of the nationalities;

    • Making falsehoods or distorting the truth, spreading rumors, destroying the order of society;

    • Promoting feudal superstitions, sexually suggestive material, gambling, violence, murder;

    • Terrorism or inciting others to criminal activity; openly insulting other people or distorting the truth to slander people;

    • Injuring the reputation of state organs;

    • Other activities against the Constitution, laws or administrative regulations.


    Golden shield project

    Golden Shield Project

    • “Great Firewall of China”

    • Cost: $800 million

    • Started in 1998

    • Operation since November 2003

      • blocks content by preventing IP addresses from being routed through

      • selectively engages in DNS poisoning when particular sites are requested


    Green dam youth escort

    Green Dam Youth Escort

    • Mandatory software

      As of July 1st 2009, manufacturers must include Green Dam for all machines to be sold in mainland

      but delaying for now…

    • PC makers voluntarily supply Web filter

      Acer, Lenovo, Asus, BenQ

    • Purpose:

      • Shield children from violent and obscene material

      • Block material the government deemed politically unacceptable


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