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Creation Myths. Common Elements Feminine Process – birth of the cosmos Starts with Water or an egg, which are feminine elements. Egyptian Creation From Heliopolis. Khepri - Primordial Being Causes Primal Mound to Rise out of Primeval Waters Takes the shape of Re at the top of the Mound.

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Creation myths

Creation Myths

Common Elements

Feminine Process – birth of the cosmos

Starts with Water or an egg, which are feminine elements


Egyptian creation from heliopolis
Egyptian CreationFrom Heliopolis

Khepri - Primordial Being

Causes Primal Mound to Rise out of Primeval Waters

Takes the shape of Re at the top of the Mound


Khepri

Shu - god, Atmosphere and Moisture

Geb - Father Earth

Tefnut - goddess, World Order

Nut - Mother Sky

Khepri


Geb nut

Osiris - First King of Egypt, fertility, later - underworld

Isis - Mother Goddess

Horus - Divine Child

Seth - god of the Desert, Chaos

Nephthys - Goddess of Dusk and Death

Anubis - God of Mummification, protection

Geb - Nut




Mesopotamia the enuma elish
MesopotamiaThe Enuma Elish

In the beginning, there was Watery Chaos

Personified as Dragons

  • Apsu - God of Sweet Waters

  • Tiamat - Goddess of Bitter (Salt) Waters

  • Mummu - their Vizier (Prime Minister)



Apsu tiamat

An

Enlil

Many more gods

Ea

Marduk

Anshar

Ninlil

Many more goddesses

Damkina

Apsu - Tiamat



Battle amongst the gods
Battle amongst the gods

Apsu, angered by the noise of so many gods, decides to kill them

Apsu attacks the gods against Tiamat’s wishes

Ea kills Apsu and makes a House out of his body. He becomes the new King of the Gods

Ea and Damkina have Marduk


The anger of tiamat
The Anger of Tiamat

Tiamat, angry at the death of Apsu, takes

a 2nd husband, Kingu. Together they

create a race of monsters to harass the

gods and cause them grief.

None of the gods is able to defeat her.


Marduk and tiamat battle
Marduk and Tiamat battle

Marduk kills Tiamat. He splits her body into two

parts to make the earth and the sky. Marduk

becomes King of the Gods. He assigns jobs to

the gods and goddesses. They have to tend the

Earth. The gods complain.

Marduk orders a race of servants, humans, to

be created from the blood of Kingu to tend the

earth.


India the upanishad
India: the Upanishad

Purusa = human form of Brahman. Splits

into male and female halves, they mate,

create humans


The creation of animals
The creation of animals

The female half is uncomfortable

and turns into a cow to hide. The

male half turns into a Bull. They

mate = all bovines are created.

She turns into a mare, he turns into

a stallion, all horses are created.

She turns into an ewe, he turns into

a ram, all sheep are created. And

so it continued all the way down to

ants.


All things are brahman
All things are Brahman

When Purusa was

done creating, he

looked at everything

and said, “All of this

am I.”


Greek creation based on hesiod s theogony the birth of the gods
Greek Creation based on Hesiod’s Theogony (the birth of the Gods)


In the beginning there was a void from the void came gaia and black night
In the beginning there was a Void, from the Void came Gaia and black Night…

Gaia, Mother Earth,

creates offspring by

herself

The mountains

The Seas

The Heavens = Ouranos (Uranus in Latin)


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