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Indian Nationalism vs. British Imperialism before World War II PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Indian Nationalism vs. British Imperialism before World War II. OUTLINE: Indian Nationalism Mahatma Gandhi Amritsar Massacre 1935 Gov’t of India Act. Indian Nationalism before WWII. Early 20 th c., people in India wanted independence from Great Britain b/c of exploitation by Brits.

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Indian Nationalism vs. British Imperialism before World War II

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Indian nationalism vs british imperialism before world war ii

Indian Nationalism vs. British Imperialism before World War II

OUTLINE:

  • Indian Nationalism

  • Mahatma Gandhi

  • Amritsar Massacre

  • 1935 Gov’t of India Act


Indian nationalism vs british imperialism before world war ii

Indian Nationalism before WWII

  • Early 20th c., people in India wanted independence from Great Britain b/c of exploitation by Brits.

  • 2 nationalist groups formed to fight for independence=

    • Muslim League (Muslim)

    • Indian Nat’l Congress (Hindu)

  • Religious difference were finally not as big as desire to kick GB out


Indian nationalism vs british imperialism before world war ii

Amritsar Massacre (spark that began Nat’l movement in India)

  • People were peacefully protesting in Punjab against the Rowlatt Act in 1919 (said GB could jail protesters for 2 yrs. w/o trial)

  • British military fired on unarmed crowd killing & wounding 100s

  • Hindu & Muslims throughout India began to demand independence forcefully


Indian nationalism vs british imperialism before world war ii

Mohandas K. Gandhi (“Mahatma”)

  • Political & spiritual leader of Indian nationalism —respected by Hindu & Muslim alike

  • Born in India, went to South Africa to practice law

  • Encountered major discrimination b/c he was not white (not black either…)

  • 1906—14 led protests in South Africa against discrimination and was jailed, beaten etc (but did not fight back)


Indian nationalism vs british imperialism before world war ii

Gandhi’s Way: Non-violent Resistance

  • Satyagraha = passive, non-violent resistance to un-just laws & ideas. Requires cooperation of many people

  • It is a means to achieve goals against great odds w/o resorting to losing “moral high ground”

  • Works b/c massive resistance of many can not be ignored


Indian nationalism vs british imperialism before world war ii

Satyagraha in India

  • Ppl followed Gandhi’s lead of

    non- violent civil disobedience to achieve ind. Led to:

    • Econ. probs for GB b/c ppl

      wouldn’t work or buy British goods

    • Pol. probs b/c of bad publicity (esp. during Gandhi’s hunger strikes)


Indian nationalism vs british imperialism before world war ii

Example: Salt March 1930

  • people stopped buying salt from GB & protested by walking to ocean to make their own salt

  • GB reacted violently to non-violence = more bad publicity


Indian nationalism vs british imperialism before world war ii

1935 Government of India Act

  • GB gave India limitedindependence b/c peaceful nationalism (& Gandhi) couldn’t be ignored.

  • Self-gov’t at local level but GB still controlled national gov’t

  • Created more division between Hindus & Muslims b/c they competed for control of local gov’t—differences began to be HUGE problems


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