slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Indian Nationalism vs. British Imperialism before World War II

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 8

Indian Nationalism vs. British Imperialism before World War II - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 258 Views
  • Uploaded on

Indian Nationalism vs. British Imperialism before World War II. OUTLINE: Indian Nationalism Mahatma Gandhi Amritsar Massacre 1935 Gov’t of India Act. Indian Nationalism before WWII. Early 20 th c., people in India wanted independence from Great Britain b/c of exploitation by Brits.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Indian Nationalism vs. British Imperialism before World War II' - elmer


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Indian Nationalism vs. British Imperialism before World War II

OUTLINE:

  • Indian Nationalism
  • Mahatma Gandhi
  • Amritsar Massacre
  • 1935 Gov’t of India Act
slide2

Indian Nationalism before WWII

  • Early 20th c., people in India wanted independence from Great Britain b/c of exploitation by Brits.
  • 2 nationalist groups formed to fight for independence=
    • Muslim League (Muslim)
    • Indian Nat’l Congress (Hindu)
  • Religious difference were finally not as big as desire to kick GB out
slide3

Amritsar Massacre (spark that began Nat’l movement in India)

  • People were peacefully protesting in Punjab against the Rowlatt Act in 1919 (said GB could jail protesters for 2 yrs. w/o trial)
  • British military fired on unarmed crowd killing & wounding 100s
  • Hindu & Muslims throughout India began to demand independence forcefully
slide4

Mohandas K. Gandhi (“Mahatma”)

  • Political & spiritual leader of Indian nationalism —respected by Hindu & Muslim alike
  • Born in India, went to South Africa to practice law
  • Encountered major discrimination b/c he was not white (not black either…)
  • 1906—14 led protests in South Africa against discrimination and was jailed, beaten etc (but did not fight back)
slide5

Gandhi’s Way: Non-violent Resistance

  • Satyagraha = passive, non-violent resistance to un-just laws & ideas. Requires cooperation of many people
  • It is a means to achieve goals against great odds w/o resorting to losing “moral high ground”
  • Works b/c massive resistance of many can not be ignored
slide6

Satyagraha in India

  • Ppl followed Gandhi’s lead of

non- violent civil disobedience to achieve ind. Led to:

    • Econ. probs for GB b/c ppl

wouldn’t work or buy British goods

    • Pol. probs b/c of bad publicity (esp. during Gandhi’s hunger strikes)
slide7

Example: Salt March 1930

  • people stopped buying salt from GB & protested by walking to ocean to make their own salt
  • GB reacted violently to non-violence = more bad publicity
slide8

1935 Government of India Act

  • GB gave India limitedindependence b/c peaceful nationalism (& Gandhi) couldn’t be ignored.
  • Self-gov’t at local level but GB still controlled national gov’t
  • Created more division between Hindus & Muslims b/c they competed for control of local gov’t—differences began to be HUGE problems
ad