Traditional and online discussions in l iterature
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Traditional and Online Discussions in L iterature. Enikő Horváth Mercy College NYSTESOL ’02 Saratoga Springs, NY November 9, 2002 This presentation can also be found at: http://www.mercy.edu/faculty/horvath/presentations/Online.ppt Presenter can be contacted at: [email protected]

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Traditional and Online Discussions in Literature

Enikő Horváth

Mercy College

NYSTESOL’02

Saratoga Springs, NY

November 9, 2002

This presentation can also be found at: http://www.mercy.edu/faculty/horvath/presentations/Online.ppt

Presenter can be contacted at: [email protected]

© Enikő Horváth


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Introduction

  • Why should we use online discussion in an offline class?

  • Possible advantages vs. disadvantages of the different mediums

  • Recommendations for implementation in the general classroom

© Enikő Horváth


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Goals

  • Due to difficulty of discussing literature for non-native English speakers

    • encouraging student participation

    • making participation more effective

    • introducing a different medium

    • encouraging students’ usage of technology

  • Comparison of a poem discussion based on the mediums where they take place

    • classroom discussion vs. online chat

© Enikő Horváth


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Methods

  • Students:

    • Advanced ESL class reading class using literature (Arrivals by Jann Huizenga, Addison-Wesley)

    • 10 students/class

  • Same instructor (regular class instructor)

  • Material: “Elena” by Pat Mora

  • Total time of discussions: 21-22 minutes

  • WebCT software provided by school (online component for all classes)

© Enikő Horváth


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  • WebCT (http://www.webct.com/) a commercial provider


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Subscribers’ Login Page

© Enikő Horváth


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Login

© Enikő Horváth




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Procedures

  • After reading the story, discussion by both groups, addressing the same questions

    • class discussion

    • vs. online chat in four different chat-rooms

  • A short introduction of software usage

    • Introduction to functions

    • A short log in

  • Offline class discussion is tape recorded.

© Enikő Horváth


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Questions

  • Why did Elena want to speak English?

  • Are your reasons similar or different? How?

  • What obstacles (=difficulties) did Elena have?

  • How was she learning English?

  • Collect expressions (words) that project positive and negative feelings. (e.g. smile - positive feeling) List at least two each!

© Enikő Horváth



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Results

  • Participation is better

    • Total online responses=72

    • Total offline responses=32

  • Paired t-test shows trend (p<0.086)

  • High number of responses is due to four groups (Would the result be similar in case one group discussion?)

  • Overall possibility of repetition (20 tokens repeated within the same discussions) possible confidence builder

© Enikő Horváth


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Student Evaluation

  • "I really enjoyed class today."

  • "We have worked a lot."

  • "Let's do this next time, too."

  • "It was very exciting today."

© Enikő Horváth


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Advantages

  • More possibilities of participation

  • Possibilities of repetition

  • Suiting different personalities

  • Accessing different learning modes

  • Implying

  • Students address questions to each other (for clarification, opinion, and further discussion of the material)

  • Possible permanent record that can be used later (if chatroom can record discussion)

© Enikő Horváth


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Disadvantages

  • Slower response time

  • Delayed feedback

  • Side discussions not related to topic

  • The inclination of responding in whole sentences in written mode

  • Technology can be a hindrance

  • Spelling and typing difficulties

  • Technology facilities are needed in school

  • Demanding on the instructor (especially in smaller group discussions)

© Enikő Horváth


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Recommendations

  • Use both to complement each other

  • Variety for class, students, instructor

  • Other Possible Activities

    • student-lead group activities

      • assign group leaders who lead discussion

      • prepare with questions beforehand

      • summarize discussion in the end

© Enikő Horváth


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Some Possible Free Providers

  • Blackboard http://www.blackboard.com/

  • Chat Pro LE http://www.chatpro.com/order.html?ovt

  • Chat-Forum.com http://chat-forum.com/freechat/

  • ChattersOnline.com http://www.chattersonline.com/ads/

  • Free Chat Software Downloads http://www.free-software-downloads.org/freeware-internet/chat-software.htm

  • FreeJavaChat.com http://www.freejavachat.com/

  • Friendly Talk http://www.tenebril.com/products/friendlytalk/index.html

  • SigmaChat http://freechat.raidersoft.com/

© Enikő Horváth


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