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The Paralympics. Cathy Howells OAM BAppSc(Phty)APAM Author, The Amputee Coach. From 1948 to London 2012. Competition for Disabled Athletes:. 1948 - disabled athletes compete on opening day of London Olympics. Rome 1960 – 1 st official Paralympic Games, open to not just war veterans.

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The Paralympics

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The paralympics

The Paralympics

Cathy Howells OAM BAppSc(Phty)APAM

Author, The Amputee Coach

From 1948 to london 2012

From 1948 to London 2012

Competition for disabled athletes

Competition for Disabled Athletes:

  • 1948 - disabled athletes compete on opening day of London Olympics.

  • Rome 1960 – 1st official Paralympic Games, open to not just war veterans.

  • 1976 – athletes with different disabilities included, not just wheelchair athletes.

  • 1988 Seoul – Paralympics is coined and Games held after Olympics.

What came out of london 2012

What came out of London 2012?

Controversy transtibial competition

Controversy: Transtibial competition

Beaten by

A giraffe in underpants?

Leg length what should it be

Leg Length: What should it be?

The Proportions of Man

The Vitruvian Man, Leonardo da Vinci circa 1490

We ve been here before

We’ve been here before…

1992 Barcelona

1996 Atlanta

Unilateral vs bilateral 100m

J. Peacock 10.9

R .Brown 11.03

A. Fourie 11.08

O.Pistorius 11.14

Unilateral vs Bilateral 100m

Unilateral vs bilateral 100m1

Unilateral vs Bilateral > 100m

Oscar Pistorius 46.68

Blake Leeper 50.14

David Prince 50.61 WR

4. Alan Olivera 51.59

World champs 2011 christchurch t44 200m men

World Champs 2011 Christchurch T44 200m Men

Bka vs aka using points

BKA vs AKA using points

GOLD: Kelly Cartwright, WR:4.38m, 1030 pts

SILVER: Stephanie Reid, PR: 5.28m, 1023 pts

Tka vs aka vs knee fusion

TKA vs AKA vs Knee Fusion??

World champs 2011 christchurch t42 100m women s final

World Champs 2011 Christchurch T42 100m Women’s final

Unilateral vs bilateral aka 100m

Unilateral vs Bilateral AKA <100m

  • T42 100m

  • Popow,H. 12.40

  • Reardon,S. 12.43

  • Czyz,W. 12.52

    7. Whitehead,R.12.99

Unilateral vs bilateral aka 100m1

Unilateral vs Bilateral AKA >100m

Richard Whitehead

T42 200m

Whitehead 24.38

Vance 25.55

Popow 25.90

Reardon 26.03

Is no legs an advantage

Is no legs an advantage?

Knee joints

Knee joints?

  • Compulsory?

  • Mechanical vs Anatomical

  • Prototypes

Advances in technology

Advances in Technology

Advances in technology1

Advances in Technology

4 bar hydraulic

Prototype- modified hydraulic

Selecting the right technology

Selecting the right technology

Progression of transtibial running alignment

Progression of Transtibial Running Alignment

Amputee physiotherapy involvement

Amputee Physiotherapy Involvement

  • Clean up the gait.

  • Empower them.

  • From Sickness to Wellness.

  • Disbility to Ability.

  • Education- what’s available?

Amputee physiotherapy involvement1

Amputee Physiotherapy involvement

  • ROM

  • Muscle Strength

  • Control

  • Core

  • Muscle Activation

  • Movement Patterns

Lessons from the paralympians

Lessons from the Paralympians

Walk well before you run

or anything else…

Lessons from the paralympians1

Lessons from the Paralympians

  • Appropriate prescription

  • Initial upgrading to enable handling of sporting prosthesis.

Lessons from the paralympians2

Lessons from the Paralympians

Use the power of your mind.

Mental rehearsal

  • Be conscious of muscles working and what it feels like.

  • Treat your body like an athlete.

Create a new powerhouse

Create a new Powerhouse.

The paralympics




Physical upgrading

Physical upgrading:

It s difficult that s the point

It’s difficult…that’s the point!



Challenge them and you

Challenge them and you

Never give up

Never give up.

We need to be their champions

We need to be their Champions…

Keep your eyes on the prize

Keep your eyes on the Prize.

  • Sydney 2000 Gold Medallists Men’s 4x100m and 4x400m. Both World Records.

    Neil Fuller, Steve Wilson, Tim Mathews, Heath Francis.

Not disabled athletes athletes with a disability

Not disabled athletes….ATHLETES with a disability

Walk well be fit enjoy life

Walk Well, Be Fit, Enjoy Life!

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