The paralympics
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The Paralympics. Cathy Howells OAM BAppSc(Phty)APAM Author, The Amputee Coach. From 1948 to London 2012. Competition for Disabled Athletes:. 1948 - disabled athletes compete on opening day of London Olympics. Rome 1960 – 1 st official Paralympic Games, open to not just war veterans.

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The Paralympics

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The Paralympics

Cathy Howells OAM BAppSc(Phty)APAM

Author, The Amputee Coach

www.TheAmputeeCoach.com


From 1948 to London 2012

www.TheAmputeeCoach.com


Competition for Disabled Athletes:

  • 1948 - disabled athletes compete on opening day of London Olympics.

  • Rome 1960 – 1st official Paralympic Games, open to not just war veterans.

  • 1976 – athletes with different disabilities included, not just wheelchair athletes.

  • 1988 Seoul – Paralympics is coined and Games held after Olympics.

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What came out of London 2012?

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Controversy: Transtibial competition

Beaten by

A giraffe in underpants?

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Leg Length: What should it be?

The Proportions of Man

The Vitruvian Man, Leonardo da Vinci circa 1490

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We’ve been here before…

1992 Barcelona

1996 Atlanta

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J. Peacock 10.9

R .Brown 11.03

A. Fourie 11.08

O.Pistorius 11.14

Unilateral vs Bilateral 100m

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Unilateral vs Bilateral > 100m

Oscar Pistorius 46.68

Blake Leeper 50.14

David Prince 50.61 WR

4. Alan Olivera 51.59

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World Champs 2011 Christchurch T44 200m Men

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BKA vs AKA using points

GOLD: Kelly Cartwright, WR:4.38m, 1030 pts

SILVER: Stephanie Reid, PR: 5.28m, 1023 pts

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TKA vs AKA vs Knee Fusion??

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World Champs 2011 Christchurch T42 100m Women’s final

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Unilateral vs Bilateral AKA <100m

  • T42 100m

  • Popow,H. 12.40

  • Reardon,S. 12.43

  • Czyz,W. 12.52

    7. Whitehead,R.12.99

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Unilateral vs Bilateral AKA >100m

Richard Whitehead

T42 200m

Whitehead 24.38

Vance 25.55

Popow 25.90

Reardon 26.03

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Is no legs an advantage?

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Knee joints?

  • Compulsory?

  • Mechanical vs Anatomical

  • Prototypes

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Advances in Technology


Advances in Technology

4 bar hydraulic

Prototype- modified hydraulic


Selecting the right technology

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Progression of Transtibial Running Alignment


Amputee Physiotherapy Involvement

  • Clean up the gait.

  • Empower them.

  • From Sickness to Wellness.

  • Disbility to Ability.

  • Education- what’s available?

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Amputee Physiotherapy involvement

  • ROM

  • Muscle Strength

  • Control

  • Core

  • Muscle Activation

  • Movement Patterns

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Lessons from the Paralympians

Walk well before you run

or anything else…

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Lessons from the Paralympians

  • Appropriate prescription

  • Initial upgrading to enable handling of sporting prosthesis.

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Lessons from the Paralympians

Use the power of your mind.

Mental rehearsal

  • Be conscious of muscles working and what it feels like.

  • Treat your body like an athlete.

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Create a new Powerhouse.

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Core:

Specific

Functional

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Physical upgrading:

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It’s difficult…that’s the point!

Strength

Stability

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Challenge them and you

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Never give up.

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We need to be their Champions…

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Keep your eyes on the Prize.

  • Sydney 2000 Gold Medallists Men’s 4x100m and 4x400m. Both World Records.

    Neil Fuller, Steve Wilson, Tim Mathews, Heath Francis.

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Not disabled athletes….ATHLETES with a disability

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Walk Well, Be Fit, Enjoy Life!

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