Leonardo da Vinci was born on April 15, 1452 in Vinci, Italy. While growing up Leonardo was fascinated by animals and insects. Throughout his long life, he never stopped studying nature-plants, anatomy, the movement of water, the mechanics of flight-and applying his observations to his art.
Man and God Italy.
One of the most inspired creators in the history of art
One of the most potent force in the Italian High Renaissance.
As a sculptor, architect, painter, and poet, he exerted a tremendous influence on his contemporaries and on subsequent Western art in general
His great works were almost entirely in the service of the Catholic Church
Include a huge statue of the Biblical hero David (over 14 feet tall) in Florence, sculpted between 1501 and 1504
Marble David (Accademia, Florence)
Produced between 1501 and 1504
Depicted by Michelangelo as a lithe nude youth, muscular and alert, looking off into the distance as if sizing up the enemy Goliath, whom he has not yet encountered.
The fiery intensity of David's facial expression is termed terribilità, a feature characteristic of many of Michelangelo's figures and of his own personality.
Now located in Rome's church of San Pietro in Vincoli. The muscular patriarch sits alertly in a shallow niche, holding the tablets of the Ten Commandments, his long beard entwined in his powerful hands. He looks off into the distance as if communicating with God
The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome (commissioned by Pope Julius II), was painted between 1508 and 1512.
In order to prepare for this enormous work, Michelangelo drew numerous figure studies and cartoons, devising scores of figure types and poses.
Art capital of Europe
Popes invented artists through commissioning
Lasted 20 years
Artists viewed as geniuses
Worked created by divine inspiration
Relied on formulas, scientific perspectives, ratios and proportions
Venetian artists make dramatic innovations in painting