Growing the small wind market through testing and certification
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Growing the Small Wind Market Through Testing and Certification. Brent Summerville, Technical Director Small Wind Certification Council. SWCC: Small Wind Certification Council. New independent, third-party certification body to serve North America

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Growing the Small Wind Market Through Testing and Certification

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Growing the Small Wind Market Through Testing and Certification

Brent Summerville, Technical Director

Small Wind Certification Council


SWCC: Small Wind Certification Council

  • New independent, third-party certification body to serve North America

  • Certify that small wind turbines (SWTs) meet the requirements of the new AWEA Small Wind Turbine Performance and Safety Standard

  • Used as incentive eligibility


Problem

  • Small turbine performance specifications are not standardized

  • Agencies and utilities providing financial assistance are asking for performance assurance to increase support for incentives

  • Consumers need greater certainty of function, performance, and durability

  • Less than half of turbine models on the market have been tested


Growth

www.awea.org


California

Inaccurate performance ratings (Power)

Suspension of $3/watt rebate in March, stakeholder meeting in April

www.greentechmedia.com


New Jersey

  • REIP, Renewable Energy Incentive Program (rebate based on expected kWh)

  • Field failures = suspend program in March and call a stakeholder meeting in April

www.njcleanenergy.com


Why Certification?

  • Allow consumer comparison of products

  • Funding agencies will gain greater confidence that small turbines installed with public assistance have been tested for safety, function, performance and durability and meet requirements of consensus standards

  • Consumer protection and industry credibility


Trend: Require certification for incentives

  • Energy Trust of Oregon

  • Focus on Energy (Wisconsin)

  • New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA)

  • Massachusetts Clean Energy Center (MassCEC)

  • California Energy Commission (CEC)

  • Colorado, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Minnesota, Nevada, Vermont

  • New Jersey?


UK/MCS leading the way

  • 8 turbines now on the MCS list

www.microgenerationcertification.org


SWCC Certification Pending Applicants


Trend: Status reporting

  • SWCC Status reporting

    • Previous

      • Application Pending

      • Conditional Temporary Certification

      • Certified

    • New

      • Under Contract

      • Under Test

      • Reports Submitted

      • Limited Power Performance Certification

      • Conditional Temporary Certification

      • Certified


Trend: Consumer LabelingExample: AWEA StandardComing soon…International Labeling


Product Development Scenarios

  • “The Short Circuit”

  • Certification


Trend: “Cash flow hybrid”


Certification based on…

  • an evaluation of:

    • Field testing

    • Wind turbine design


Trend: Understanding VAWTs


Trend: Reciprocity


Certification to AWEA vs.MCS Certification in the UK

MCS Certification to BWEA

Required

  • Limited Design Evaluation

  • Power Performance

  • Safety and Function

  • Duration

  • Acoustic Noise (reporting differs)

  • Factory Production Control

  • SWCC Certification to AWEA

  • Required

  • Limited Design Evaluation

  • Power Performance

  • Safety and Function

  • Duration

  • Acoustic Noise (reporting differs)


Trend: Reciprocity

  • UK and North America

  • Harmonization of BWEA/AWEA Standards

  • Example: Acoustics

Analyzed for BWEA Standard

Testing performed per IEC 61400-11 with some modifications

Analyzed for AWEA Standard


Trend: Reciprocity

  • SWCC/BRE Global agreement signed in April 2011

  • "Conditional Temporary Certification"


Trend: Installer Certification

  • North American Board of Certified Energy Practitioners (NABCEP) has certified 1st round of installers

www.nabcep.org


SWCC certifies Mechanical Strength, Durability,

Function & Performance of turbine systemto the AWEA standard

NRTLs certify ElectricalSafety of Turbine &

Controller (new UL Standards in development)

PE certifies Tower & Foundation

NRTLs certify Inverter

to IEEE 1547/UL 1741

Grid-tie Small Wind Turbine in the US

NABCEP certifies the Installer

Wired per National Electrical Code (NEC) (new in 2011)


Thank you

Brent Summerville

Technical Director, SWCC

Brent@smallwindcertification.org


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