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FRUIT. FRUIT. FRUIT FUNCTION. FRUIT ORIGIN (I): OVARY. FRUIT ORIGIN (II): OVARY + HYPANTHIUM. FRUIT ORIGIN (III): OVARY + HYPANTHIUM + BRACTS. Fruit Contents. Banana: Fruit Contents?. Banana: Fruit Contents. FRUIT TERMINOLOGY. Legume. Nut. Capsule. Nutlet. Berry. Grain. Achene.

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FRUIT ORIGIN (III):

OVARY + HYPANTHIUM + BRACTS





FRUIT TERMINOLOGY

Legume

Nut

Capsule

Nutlet

Berry

Grain

Achene

Drupe

Schizocarp


FRUIT CATEGORIES

B) Dry, Indehiscent

A) Fleshy

D) Dry, Dehiscent,

Delayed Seed Release

C) Dry, Dehiscent,

Immediate Seed Release



REGIONS OF THE PERICARP

Endocarp

Exocarp

Mesocarp


A) FLESHY FRUITS: BERRY

(Fleshy Throughout)


A) FLESHY FRUITS: BERRY

(Special Berries)

Hesperidium

Pome

Pepo


A) FLESHY FRUIT: DRUPE

(Stony Endocarp)


A) FLESHY FRUIT: DRUPE

(Stony Endocarp)


B) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUITS: ACHENE

(Seed Attaches to Pericarp at a Single Point)


B) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUITS: ACHENE

(Seed Attaches to Pericarp at a Single Point)

Pericarp

Seed



B) SPECIAL ACHENES: CYPSELA

(Achene with a Parachute)


B) SPECIAL ACHENES: UTRICLE

(Loose Bladdery Pericarp)


B) SPECIAL ACHENES: SAMARA

(Winged Achene)

Elm

Tree-of-Heaven

Ash


B) SPECIAL ACHENES: SAMARA

(Winged Achene)

**Maple


B) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUITS: GRAIN

Oat

Rice

CORN

Wheat

(= Caryopsis)


B) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUITS: GRAIN

(Pericarp Fused to Seed at All Points)

PERICARP

PERICARP

PERICARP

SEED

PERICARP


B) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUITS: NUT

(Like a Large Achene with a Husk)

Walnut

Acorn


C) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

IMMEDIATE SEED RELEASE: FOLLICLE

(1 Carpel, Splits on One Side)

Milkweed


C) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

IMMEDIATE SEED RELEASE: FOLLICLE

(1 Carpel, Splits on One Side)

Larkspur


C) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

IMMEDIATE SEED RELEASE: LEGUME

(1 Carpel, Splits on Two Side)

Peanut

Green Bean

Snap Pea


C) SPECIAL LEGUME: Loment

Desmodium (Tick-Trefoil, Beggar’s Lice)


C) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

IMMEDIATE SEED RELEASE: CAPSULE

(>= 2 Fused Carpels, Usually with Chambers)

Iris



C) CAPSULE DEHISCENCE

Poricidal Capsule

Denticidal Capsule

Circumscissile Capsule


D) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

DELAYED SEED RELEASE: SCHIZOCARP

(Separate Pieces are the Mericarps)

Hollyhock, Globe Mallow, etc.

(Splits Between the Carpels)


D) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

DELAYED SEED RELEASE: SCHIZOCARP

(Separate Pieces are the Mericarps)

Maple

(Splits Between the Carpels)


D) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

DELAYED SEED RELEASE: SCHIZOCARP

(Separate Pieces are the Mericarps)

Carrot Family

(Splits Between the Carpels)


D) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

DELAYED SEED RELEASE: SCHIZOCARP

(Separate Pieces are the Mericarps)

Geranium


D) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

DELAYED SEED RELEASE: NUTLETS

Borage, Mint and Vervain

Families

(Splits Between and Through the Carpels)


DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

DELAYED SEED RELEASE

Schizocarp

(Splits Between Carpels)

Nutlet

(Splits Between and

Through Carpels)



AGGREGATE OF ACHENES

(Origin: A Flower)


AGGREGATE OF DRUPES

(Origin: A Flower)


AGGREGATE OF ACHENES

(Origin: A Flower)


MULTIPLE OF BERRIES

(Origin: Many Flowers)


MULTIPLE OF GRAINS

(Origin: Many Flowers)


MULTIPLE OF ACHENES

(Origin: Many Flowers)


MULTIPLE OF BERRIES

(Origin: Many Flowers)


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