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Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria?. Beverly Daniel Tatum, PhD. Definitions. Briefly define: racism: ______________________ prejudice: ______________________ bigotry: ______________________. Definitions. Briefly define: racism: ______________________

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Why are all the black kids sitting together in the cafeteria

Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria?

Beverly Daniel Tatum, PhD.


Definitions
Definitions Cafeteria?

Briefly define:

racism: ______________________

prejudice: ______________________

bigotry: ______________________


Definitions1
Definitions Cafeteria?

Briefly define:

racism: ______________________

prejudice: ______________________

bigotry: ______________________

1: a belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race

2:racial prejudice or discrimination

Daniel Webster

1: injury or damage resulting from some judgment or action of another in disregard of one's rights; especially detriment to one's legal rights or claims

2:(1) preconceived judgment or opinion (2) : an adverse opinion or leaning formed without just grounds or before sufficient knowledge

1 : the state of mind of a bigot

2: acts or beliefs characteristic of a bigot

( A bigot is a person who is obstinately or intolerantly devoted to his or her own opinions and prejudices)


Definitions2
Definitions Cafeteria?

Briefly define:

racism: ______________________

prejudice: ______________________

bigotry: ______________________

a system of advantage based on race

Beverly Daniel Tatum


Active Antiracists Cafeteria?

Equity

Racism

Passive Racists

Active Racists


Cognitive development
Cognitive Development: Cafeteria?

You and your White pre-school child are shopping in the grocery store. You pass a Black woman and her Black child. Your child says loudly, “Look at that little girl! Why is she so dirty?”

  • Your response to your child is: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Cognitive development1
Cognitive Development: Cafeteria?

You and your White pre-school child are shopping in the grocery store. You pass a Black woman and her Black child. Your child says loudly, “Look at that little girl! Why is she so dirty?”

  • Your response to your child is: Not “Shhhhh!!”

    “Honey, that little girl is not dirty. Her skin is as clean as yours. It’s just a different color. Just like we have different hair color, people have different skin colors.”

    • Why is it important to actually respond? (“colorblind”?)


Identity statuses
Identity “Statuses” Cafeteria?

James Marcia:

Four Identity Statuses are:

1. Diffuse:

2. Foreclosed:

3. Moratorium:

4. Achieved:


Identity statuses1
Identity “Statuses” Cafeteria?

James Marcia:

Four Identity Statuses are:

  • Diffuse: little exploration or active consideration of a particular domain, and no psychological one

    2. Foreclosed: commitment has been made to a role or belief system, often selected by parents

    3. Moratorium: active exploration of roles and beliefs in which no commitment has yet been made

    4. Achieved: strong personal commitment to a particular dimension of ID following high exploration

vocation, religion, values, politics, gender roles, ethnic, and RACE


Racial identity development
Racial Identity Development Cafeteria?

Psychologist William Cross:

(Author of Shades of Black)

Five stages of racial identity development are:

  • Pre-encounter

  • Encounter

  • Immersion/Emersion

  • Internalization

  • Internalization-Commitment


Racial identity development1
Racial Identity Development Cafeteria?

Psychologist William Cross:

(Author of Shades of Black)

Five stages of racial identity development are:

  • Pre-encounter

  • Encounter

  • Immersion/Emersion

  • Internalization

  • Internalization-Commitment

Most Relevant for Adolescents


Pre encounter stage
Pre-Encounter Stage Cafeteria?

The personal and social significance of ones racial group membership has not yet been realized, and racial identity is not yet under examination.

Why?


Encounter stage
Encounter Stage Cafeteria?

Something happens!

What?

Transition to Encounter Stage.


Encounter stage1
Encounter Stage Cafeteria?

Something happens!

What?

Transition to Encounter Stage.

Young black girl in a white community.

Malcolm X.


Why are all the black kids sitting together in the cafeteria1

Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria?

Beverly Daniel Tatum, PhD.


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