Chapter Six. Nobody wins. ( ⅰ ). comet. Solar system. Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. astronaut. rocket. space station. spaceship. telescope. A. 1. How long does it take for the earth to go around the sun?
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto
A. every 365 ¼ days B.every two years
A. every 27 days B. every 29 days
A. a dog called Laika B. an Russian named Laika
The American astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin.
1. tell his friends stories of his adventure 告诉他的朋友历险的故事
2.navigator :person who finds the way on a ship or plane n.. 领航员e.g. The navigator looked at the maps and told the pilot which direction to turn the airplane.
navigate (v) navigation (n)
3. be lost迷路的
4. run out of =》 finish or use up 用尽be out of=have no =haven’t any
5.unexplored: never visited before adj. 未开发的
explore: v. 勘探
e.g. The Moon was unexplored before Armsting and Aldra landed on it.
This is an unexplored area.
7. pilot : person who drives a ship or plane n. 飞行员
e.g. The pilot landed the plane safely.
8. valley: 山谷
Water always runs down into the valleys.
9. close （to）: near（to）dv. 接近e.g. I live close to my school.She was cold so she sat close to the heater.
10 storey : floor or level of a building n. 楼层
e.g. Our flat is in the 1st storey of a building with 32 storeys.
We live in a house of 5 storeys.
We live in a five-storey house.
10.approach : go /come towards v. 接近 (v) (n)e.g. The train slowed down as it approached the station. approach the door carefully:
小心的接近门 approachable adj
11. furniture: (u.)
a piece of furniture 一件家俱
a set of furniture 一套家俱
12. type :kind; sort
e.g.There are many types of rice on sale in the market.
earth-type: of similar kind to those on earth
13. partly:(adv.) 部分地；少许
e.g. I believe the story is partly true.
The window was partly open.
14.monster: ( n. ) ugly and frightening creature .怪兽 pre-historic monster
e.g. In the film, the monster picked up the bus and threw it into the sea.
15.argue: say sth that show you disagree with someone; quarrel v. 争论
e.g. We always argue about politics.
16. They looked like kangaroos.
What did they look like?=How did they look?
17. shake (shook, shaken)摇晃
shake hands 握手 shake head 摇头
18.single: adj. 单一的；单独的
single life :独身生活
single/double room 单人/双人房间
e.g. We go to school every day except Saturday and Sunday.
e.g. There were four people in the room besides me.
I have three other hats besides this.
I don’t like that new dictionary.Besides ,it is too expensive.
glowing: shining in the dark adj. 闪烁
e.g. The only light in the room came from
the glowing screen of a TV set.
20.turn our blood to ice:
21.aliens (n.) : 1/people /creatures from another planet 外星人 2/: a person from other country 外国人 adj 外国的 陌生的 an alien land / enviroment
e.g. At noon today, a spaceship full of aliens landed in Zhongshan Park.
It is a custom to give presents at Christmas.
Custom makes all things easy.
dawn : the earliest part of the day when light first appears n. 黎明
e.g. Birds begin to sing just before dawn.
atdawn (noon;night) 在黎明
steel : metal made mostly of iron n. 钢
e.g. Our home has a steel door to keep out thieves.
spring: rise up quickly (sprang----sprung) v. 弹
e.g. We sprang to our feet when the principal entered the room.
spring from the ground : 从地上弹出
trap: instrument for catching sth/someone in 陷阱
e.g.The farmer bought a trap to catch rats in.
be caught like rats in a trap 被象老鼠一样在机关里抓住
fall into a trap 落入圈套
set a trap for 为……设下圈套
magnet: metal object that can pull(attract) other metal objects towards it n. 磁铁 magnetic adj magnetize vt
e.g. She used a magnet to pick up the pins from the carpet.
a powerful magnet: 一块有力的磁铁
come in peace 为和平而来
roar with laughter 笑着咆哮
favour: a kind action n. 恩惠
favourite: adj. my favourite food
do sb. a favour ：help sb.帮某人一个忙
e.g. Do me a favor and turn off the TV. .
Could you do me a favour?
trust: believe someone can and help you/behave honestly 相信；信任
trust sb to do sth
e.g. I trust the docter to cure my illness.
1. Land on 着陆
2. unexplored planet 未开发的星球
3. Close to 靠近
next to 与…相邻
４. argue with sb
argue about sth
He looked sad.
He looked like a bear.
1. In spring, many trees turn green.
2. John sprang from the seat.
lose explore buy leave begin
say hop give see shut
get think spring close catch
will + a verb
We will land soon./ We’ll land soon.
Theywillnot/ won’ttakeoff next week.
Will he be ready tomorrow?
Yes, he will./ No, he will not.
At 3 o’clock
In the afternoon
In an hour
2. We do not use ___, ___ or ___ before this …, tomorrow, next… or soon.
Iam going to havea swim.
Heis not going to practisejudo.
Are they going to playbasketball?
Yes,they are./ No, theyare not.
What are you going to do this weekend?