North africa
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North Africa PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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North Africa. Land of the Sahara. The Mediterranean Coast. The Maghreb means “the West” in Arabic. Libya. Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. Military JUNTA run by “Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution” Muammar Qaddafi Population 6,420,000

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North Africa

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North Africa

Land of the Sahara


The Mediterranean Coast


The Maghrebmeans “the West” in Arabic


Libya


Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

  • Military JUNTA run by “Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution” Muammar Qaddafi

  • Population 6,420,000

  • GDP per person 4th highest in Africa at $14,884


Qaddafi


Carthage


  • Leptis Magna

  • Roman ruins in Libya


Colonialism

  • France:

    • Morocco 1956

    • Algeria 1961

    • Tunisia 1956

  • England

    • Egypt 1936

  • Italy

    • Libya 1951


Algerian Independence

  • Algeria a French colony since violent 1830 conquest.

  • War with France 1954-1962

  • Terrorism, torture in France and Algeria

  • 960,000 Africans killed plus 800,000 civilians

  • 25,600 French soldiers killed


Egypt


Egypt’s colonial history

  • Pharaonic Egypt: 2920 BC to 320 BC

  • Greek Dominion (Ptolemies): 320 BC to 31 BC

  • Roman Era 31 BC to AD 337

  • Byzantine Era: 337 to 642

  • Arab Caliphates: 642 to 1517

  • Ottoman Empire: 1517 to 1882

  • British Rule: 1882 to 1936

  • Egyptian Republic: 1953 to 2011

  • Military Rule: Feb 11, 2011 to ?


Roman Ruins in Alexandria


Ottoman Empire 1500s-WWI


Morocco


Moroccan Monarchy


Berbers

  • Nomadic herders


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