The
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 12

The Effects of Ocean Acidification on Coral A Comparison between the Alkalinity Anomaly and Buoyant Weight Methods of Measurement PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 130 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The Effects of Ocean Acidification on Coral A Comparison between the Alkalinity Anomaly and Buoyant Weight Methods of Measurement. Aaron Cevallos Advisor: Andreas Andersson , Ph.D. Summer 2010. What is ocean acidification? What is causing it?.

Download Presentation

The Effects of Ocean Acidification on Coral A Comparison between the Alkalinity Anomaly and Buoyant Weight Methods of Measurement

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The Effects of Ocean Acidification on CoralA Comparison between the Alkalinity Anomaly and Buoyant Weight Methods of Measurement

Aaron Cevallos

Advisor: Andreas Andersson, Ph.D.

Summer 2010


What is ocean acidification? What is causing it?

  • The ocean absorbs approximately 1/3rd of the CO2 emitted to the atmosphere from the burning of fossil fuels.

  • As CO2 dissolves in seawater, the pH of the water decreases. Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, ocean pH has dropped globally by approximately 0.1 pH units.

  • By the end of this century, we may expect to see changes in pH that are the greatest in 21 million years.

  • http://ioc3.unesco.org/oanet/FAQacidity.html


Evidence of ocean acidification at BATS

N. Bates


Bermuda coral reef: the canary in a coal mine?

Buddemeier et al. 2004, based on Veron 1995

[CO32-] across coral reef platform

-Marginal reef

-Lower [CO32-]

-Healthy reef

-No major industries or pollution

-Natural gradient in [CO32-]

Alex Venn

Mid-platform

Inshore

Outer rim


What can we expect in the future ?

Changes in atmospheric CO2 under the "business as usual" scenario to the year 2100 and associated changes in ocean pH and carbon chemistry. Adapted from Wolf-gladrow et al., 1999

  • The IPCC expects:

  • a drop in ocean pH of about 0.4 pH units by the end of this century

  • a 60% decrease in the concentration of calcium carbonate

http://ioc3.unesco.org/oanet/FAQacidity.html


Why is ocean acidification a problem?

  • Seawater acid-base balance important in regulating biological and chemical processes, e.g.:

    • Function of enzyme and proteins

    • Chemical reaction rates

    • Availability of nutrients and trace metals

  • CO32- is an essential building block for marine calcifiers depositing skeletons or shells made of CaCO3†

    • Less building material equals slower growth, weaker structures (similar to osteoporosis in humans) and increased vulnerability to environmental stress in general

†Ca2+ is the other building block, but there are plenty of calcium in seawater


Ca2+

CO32-

CaCO3

The Alkalinity Anomaly Method

  • The alkalinity anomaly method relies on the principle that when a calcifying organism produces a mole of calcium carbonate, total alkalinity is decreased by two moles.

  • I will be able to know the exact degree to which synthesis or dissolution is taking place using this method.


Average Daytime vs. Nighttime Calcification Rates


The Buoyant Weighing Method

Calcification (or dissolution) of a coral sample is inferred from changes in the sample’s mass. The weight can be determined in water using the formula: Wa= Ww / [1-(pw/ps)]

http://www.aagaines.com/man/graphics/scale.jpg


AA Predicted Weight Change vs. BW Actual Weight Change


Thank You!


  • Login