Oraciones de relativo
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(Oraciones de relativo) ‏. Relative clauses. (Oraciones de relativo especificativas) ‏. Defining Relative Clauses. Las oraciones de relativo especificativas indican a quién o qué se refiere el hablante:. Defining Relative Clauses. Example. She spoke to the man who painted the house.

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Oraciones de relativo

(Oraciones de relativo)‏

Relativeclauses


Oraciones de relativo especificativas

(Oraciones de relativo especificativas)‏

Defining Relative Clauses


Las oraciones de relativo especificativas indican a qui n o qu se refiere el hablante

Las oraciones de relativo especificativas indican a quién o qué se refiere el hablante:

Defining Relative Clauses

Example

She spoke to the man who painted the house

“who painted the house” se refiere a un hombre específico, el que pintó la casa y no a otro.


Oraciones de relativo

Relative pronouns (pronombres relativos)‏

Who  Para las personas

Which  Para las cosas

That  Se emplea en vez de “who” o

“which” (en estilo informal).

I saw the woman who visited you

He bought the bike which you like

I saw the woman that visited you

He bought the bike that you like

Examples


Oraciones de relativo

Relative pronouns (pronombres relativos)‏

Who, which o that se pueden omitir si no son el sujeto del verbo:

Examples

I saw the woman who visited you (NO)‏

He bought the bike (which) you like (YES)‏

Where is the man who sold you the dog? (NO)‏

Is that the book (that) I lent you? (YES)‏


Oraciones de relativo

Other relative pronouns /adverbs(otros pronombres o adverbios relativos)‏

Whose  Para indicar posesión (cuyo/cuya)‏

Where  Para referirse a un lugar

When  Para referirse a un tiempo

The film is about a man whose wife disappears

Is that the town where you were born?

I’ll never forget the day when they arrived

Examples


Oraciones de relativo

Other relative pronouns /adverbs(otros pronombres o adverbios relativos)‏

Whose y where no se pueden omitir.

When se puede omitir y sustituir por that.

The film is about a man whose wife disappears

Is that the town where you were born?

I’ll never forget the day (that/when) they arrived

Examples


Oraciones de relativo explicativas

(Oraciones de relativo explicativas)‏

Non-Defining Relative Clauses


Non defining relative clauses

Las oraciones de relativo explicativas dan información adicional sobre una persona o cosa ya identificada.

La proposición de relativo suele ir separada por una coma del resto de la oración.

Non-Defining Relative Clauses

Example

My mother, who lives in Madrid, is 65 years old

“who lives in Madrid” da más información sobre el sujeto, pero no indica a qué mujer nos referimos.


Oraciones de relativo

Relative pronouns (pronombres relativos)‏

Who  Para las personas

Which  Para las cosas

No se pueden omitir who ni which

No se puede emplear that

I bought the magazine, which was fantastic

Maria, who is Spanish, speaks good English

Jane, who works in my office, is very nice

Examples


Oraciones de relativo

Other relative pronouns /adverbs(otros pronombres o adverbios relativos)‏

Whose  Para indicar posesión (cuyo/cuya)‏

Where  Para referirse a un lugar

When  Para referirse a un tiempo

No se pueden omitir

No se puede emplear that en vez de when

John, whose son is an actor, is my friend

London, where I went last week, is near here

I’m going to Rome in June, when the weather is warm

Examples


Oraciones de relativo

DEFINING AND NON DEFINING

RELATIVE CLAUSES

By IsC 2009

http://laotraclasedeingles.wordpress.com


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