English 12
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English 12. Unit 8: Life in the future. Language Focus . Article. An. The. A. Zero. ZERO ARTICLE. 1. With uncountable nouns (not previously mentioned ). Ex : I like orange juice. We need water to survive . . 2. With abstract or general ideas and plurals . Ex : I hate dogs.

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Language focus

English 12

  • Unit 8: Life in the future

Language Focus


Language focus

Article

An

The

A

Zero

Unit 8: Life in the future


Language focus

ZERO ARTICLE

  • 1. With uncountable nouns (not previously mentioned)

Ex: I like orange juice.

We need water to survive.

2. With abstract or general ideas and plurals

Ex: I hate dogs.

Everybody can pursue happiness.

  • 3. With proper names

Ex: We live in France.

I’ll come back in June.

Unit 8: Life in the future


Language focus

ZERO ARTICLE

4. With names of meals when they refer to routine times

Ex: It’s time for lunch.

What’s for dinner?

5. With prepositions of place

Ex: She is in jail.

He is at school.

6. With general means of transport

Ex: We go to work by car.

He goes to school by bus.

Unit 8: Life in the future


Language focus

a – indefinite article

Form

1. Before a word beginning with a consonant

Ex: A man

A dog

A school

2. Before a word beginning with a vowel with a consonant sound

Ex: A university

A one-way street

A European

Unit 8: Life in the future


Language focus

an - indefinite article

Form

1. Before words beginning with a vowel or a mute “h”

VOWEL  U, E, O, A, I

(uểoải)

  • Ex: An uncle An hour (click on the pics below)

An onion

An egg

  • An apple

An island

2. Before individual letters spoken with a vowel sound

Ex: An x

An MA

An SOS

Unit 8: Life in the future


Language focus

a/an – indefinite article

Use

1. Before a singular countable noun not mentioned earlier

Ex: I need a visa.

They live in a villa.

He bought an ice-cream.

2. Before a singular countable noun which is used as an example of a class of things

Ex: A car must be insured

=> All cars must be insured.

A child needs love.

=> All children need love.

Unit 8: Life in the future


Language focus

a/an – indefinite article

3. With a noun complement, including names of profession

Ex: It was an earthquake.

She is a dancer.

He is an actor.

4. In certain expressions of quantity

Ex: A lot of

A great many

A great deal of

A couple of

Unit 8: Life in the future


Language focus

The – definite article

Form

The same form for singular and plural nouns

Ex: The boy

The day

The book

The boys

The days

The books

Unit 8: Life in the future


Language focus

The – definite article

Use

1. When the object is unique

  • Ex: The earth The sea

  • The sky The equator

  • The sun

2. Before a noun when it is mentioned already

Ex: He has a big house. You can see the house from here.

Unit 8: Life in the future


Language focus

The – definite article

3. Before a noun which is definite because of the addition of a phrase or clause

4. Before superlatives and first, second, last, only … used as adjectives or pronouns

Ex: The girl in a blue skirt

The place where I kissed her

The boy that I met

Ex: The first week

The best day

The only way

Unit 8: Life in the future


Language focus

The – definite article

5. The + adjectives represents a class of persons

Ex: The old = old people in general

6. The + adjectives is used as a plural noun

Ex: The old are respected in our society.

7. The + plural surname means “the … family”

Ex: The Browns =

Mr. and Mrs. Brown and their children

Unit 8: Life in the future


Language focus

The – definite article

Notes

Unit 8: Life in the future


Language focus

The – definite article

Use

Unit 8: Life in the future


Language focus

assignments

Do the homework and tests on website

Remember to review this lesson


Language focus

Thank you for

your

attention!!!

Group members

Chung Van Thong

Le Thuy Diem Quynh


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