Adnan d alwadie phd rrt rpft james l moseley edd lpc ches cpt
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An Assessment of the Readiness of a Tertiary Healthcare Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs. Adnan D. Alwadie, PhD, RRT, RPFT James L. Moseley, EdD , LPC, CHES, CPT. Healthcare Organization. Tertiary healthcare organization

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Adnan d alwadie phd rrt rpft james l moseley edd lpc ches cpt

An Assessment of the Readiness of a Tertiary Healthcare Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs

Adnan D. Alwadie, PhD, RRT, RPFT

James L. Moseley, EdD, LPC, CHES, CPT


Healthcare organization
Healthcare Organization Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs

  • Tertiary healthcare organization

  • Located in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

  • 4 hospitals and a medical college

  • More than 3000 employees, administrators and instructors.


Background
Background Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs

  • Continued medical education is essential for the quality of care.

  • Healthcare providers spend more years in continuing medical education (CME) than they do in their initial formal training

  • In healthcare organizations, the resources allocated for training are limited due to the escalating cost of healthcare delivery and scarcity of human resources.

  • Demand for advanced medical education is high and the provision of traditional education to cover this demand is not sufficient.


Background cont
Background Cont. Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs

  • Insufficient computer skills are among the most critical barriers to the use of online education.

  • Older learners prefer the traditional educational methods

  • Poorly designed online education programs negatively affect the way online education is received.

  • Lack of human interaction, unavailability of high speed internet, lack of socialization were found to be barriers to medical staff.


Purpose of the study
Purpose of the Study Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs

  • To assess the extent of readiness this organization has regarding the use of effective online staff development programs.

  • To assess the administration’s support and beliefs about e-learning.

  • To assess the instructors’ skills and attitudes towards online education.

  • To discuss and analyze the employees’ readiness for effective online education by assessing their access to technology, motivation towards participating in online education and their attitudes towards online education.


Significance of the study
Significance of the Study Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs

  • Tertiary healthcare organizations are funded by the government and online education is an effective utilization of financial resources.

  • Many studies were conducted to assess the readiness of Saudi universities to utilize online education. However, this study is among the first to investigate healthcare organizations’ readiness to adopt e-learning.


Research questions
Research Questions Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs

  • What are the learners’ strengths related to their readiness for online education?

  • What are the learners’ weaknesses related to their readiness for online education?

  • What are the relationships between selected learners’ demographic variables (occupation, age, gender, nationality, years of experience and educational level) and their online skills and relationships, motivation and internet discussion abilities?

  • What is the relationship between learners’ past experiences with online education and their motivation towards e-learning?


Research questions cont
Research Questions Cont. Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs

  • What are the relationships between selected instructors’ demographic variables (age, gender, years of teaching experience, and country of graduation) and their attitudes toward using online continuing education?

  • What are the attitudes of the administration toward the provision of online continuing education?


Target population
Target Population Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs

  • Group One (administrators)

    • Executive officers (EO)

    • Associate Executive Officers

    • Hospital Directors

    • Department Chairs

    • Section Managers

    • Supervisors


Target population cont
Target Population Cont. Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs

  • Group Two (instructors):

    • Nursing Education

    • Clinical Education

    • Life Support Education

    • Administrative Education


Target population cont1
Target Population Cont. Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs

  • Group Three (employees):

    • Medical staff

    • Nursing staff

    • Specialists

    • Technicians

    • Administrative staff


Instruments
Instruments Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs

  • Uses 5 point Likert Scale:

    • Strongly disagree to strongly agree

    • Completely disagree to completely agree

  • Provided to respondents in both Arabic and English languages.

  • Back and forth translation validated by native speakers of the Arabic language with English language skills.


Instruments cont
Instruments Cont. Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs

  • The Online Learner Readiness Self-Assessment Survey

    • Permission was obtained from the publisher.

    • Consisted of 27 questions distributed over 6 parts.

    • Valid based on its development.

    • Reliability: Cronbach’s Alpha value of 0.88.


Instruments cont1
Instruments Cont. Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs

  • The Faculty and Administrator Survey

    • Validity: Instrument was developed and used by its own developer in Saudi Arabia.

    • This instrument was piloted at a tertiary healthcare organization in Saudi Arabia.

    • Reliability: Cronbach’s Alpha of 0.93.


Response rate
Response Rate Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs


Employees demographics
Employees’ Demographics Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs


Employees demographics cont
Employees’ Demographics Cont. Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs


Administrators instructors demographics
Administrators’ & Instructors’ Demographics Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs


Administrators instructors demographics cont
Administrators’ & Instructors’ Demographics Cont. Organization in Saudi Arabia, in Adopting Effective Online Staff Development Programs

Actual percentage is 25%

Actual percentage is 29%



Learners strengths weaknesses
Learners’ Strengths & Weaknesses Readiness for Online Education?


Relationships between learners demographic variables and selected dimensions
Relationships between Learners’ Demographic Variables and Selected Dimensions

* Indicates Significance at .05


Relationship between learners past online experiences and their motivation to e learn
Relationship between Learners’ Past Online Experiences and Their Motivation to E-Learn

* Indicates Significance at .05


Relationships between instructors demographics and their attitudes toward using online cme
Relationships between Instructors’ Demographics and Their Attitudes Toward Using Online CME

* Indicates Significance at .05



Recommendations for policy makers at kfmc
Recommendations for Policy Makers at KFMC Attitudes Toward Using Online CME

  • Online courses must be designed by specialized professionals. This should improve learners’ motivation towards online education.

  • Online education should be introduced gradually by providing blended education.

  • Early blended instructions should be related to administrative employees’ daily work.


Recommendations cont
Recommendations Cont. Attitudes Toward Using Online CME

  • Administrators at the academic affairs should develop educational strategies with clear educational objectives in order to evaluate the value added by online education in the future.

  • Administrators should develop policies for online education that include instructors’ competencies in online education, accreditation of online courses from local and international authorities, equivalency of online credit hours and other policies regarding the international collaboration.

  • Policies for compensating instructors for online education should also be developed.


Recommendations cont1
Recommendations Cont. Attitudes Toward Using Online CME

  • Administrators should also consider training current instructors in online education and prepare them for a different method of education.

  • Administrators should design and build an online educational center. This educational center should be of great benefit to the organization’s internal and external customers as well as other local Ministry of Health’s hospitals and primary clinics.

  • The medical library should support scholarly professional journals and monographs in the area of online education, instructional design, instructional strategies and delivery, performance improvement, competency development, and evaluation.


Recommendations cont2
Recommendations Cont. Attitudes Toward Using Online CME

10. Authorities should consider launching a marketing campaign to change perception of online instruction and eventually to recognize it as a viable option to other more traditional routes to learning, certification, and licensure.


Limitations of the study
Limitations of the Study Attitudes Toward Using Online CME

  • The results presented here are limited to tertiary healthcare organizations that receive similar funding from the government.

  • The results are also limited to Saudi Arabia and may not be generalized to other regional countries that may not have the same e-learning infrastructure.

  • The results of this study may not be generalized to smaller cities in Saudi Arabia.

  • Since this is a survey research approach, respondents may have misinterpreted some of the survey items.

  • Since the quantitative data used to complete this research were self reported by respondents, factors such as respondents’ memory, perception, recent experiences may have influenced the data provided.


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