Positive Behaviour Support. Getting It Right From The Start Version 2 (September 2009). 2 Program details. The purpose of this package is for participants to learn about: the interrelationship that exists between personal background factors and behaviours of concern
Positive Behaviour Support
Getting It Right From The Start
Version 2 (September 2009)
“behaviour of such intensity, frequency and duration that the physical safety of the person or others is placed or is likely to be placed in serious jeopardy, or behaviour which is likely to seriously limit use of, or result in the person being denied access to ordinary community facilities, services and experiences”.
“Get rid of bricks and mortar
but the culture stays the same”
Hints to consider before taking action
Add this information to your client profile.
and the impact on person’s ability to communicate, interact and take part in daily activities needs to be considered.
Add this summary information to your case study notes.
“A communication disability does not just belong to the individual. It belongs to the entire environment of which the person is the focal point”
Communication Aids Centre
(Requires no equipment)
“It is not a matter of what causes self injury or what causes aggression or what causes stereotyped or repetitive movements but for each of these difficult forms of behaviour, what does it do for the individual, what purpose does it serve for them in life?”
Brown and Brown 1994
e.g. people follow staff or family members around the house; they touch others inappropriately; they attempt to pass objects at seemingly inappropriate times; they tease others; they interrupt others or act in a way that is found to be ‘annoying’
Initiating relationships –they want friends
Seeking company –they are lonely
Seeking reassurance – they are scared
Seeking help or support –they lack skills or confidence
Step 1. Clearly defining the behaviour of concern.
The definition needs to be specific. A good operational definition of the behaviour is one that is written in a way that:
1. can be seen “visualised”
2. frequency of which can be counted
3. is agreed on by different observers regarding its occurrence and absence
Step 2: What happens, before, during and after the behaviour?
In considering replacement skills it is important to think about:
2.To minimise damage to people, property and the person’s reputation
Phase I Triggering Event - a perceived threat (others may agree or disagree that a real threat existed.) Triggering events fall into two general categories:
Phase 2 Escalation - The person’s mind and body prepare to do battle with the cause of the triggering event, muscles become increasingly tense and active.
Phase 3 Crisis
Phase 4 Recovery - The muscles become progressively more relaxed as the mind and body return to normal.
Phase 5. Post - Crisis Depression - The physical and emotional symptoms of fatigue and depression dominate the behavioural pattern until normal responses can be restored.