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JORDAN APPROACH TO SESAME. MAHMOUD AL-KOFAHI Dean/ Faculty of Science Al-Balqa Applied University Al-Salt 19117, JORDAN. JSPS’02 Oct. 24, 2002. Talk Outline. Jordan: Quick Introduction Science & Technology Institutes Al-Balqa Applied University (BAU) Physics Research in Jordan

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Jordan approach to sesame



Dean/ Faculty of Science

Al-Balqa Applied University

Al-Salt 19117, JORDAN.

JSPS’02 Oct. 24, 2002

Talk outline
Talk Outline

  • Jordan: Quick Introduction

  • Science & Technology Institutes

  • Al-Balqa Applied University (BAU)

  • Physics Research in Jordan

  • A Jordanian Approach to SESAME

  • Action Plan

M. Al-Kofahi, JSPS'02

Map of jordan area 96 188 square kilometers
MAP OF JORDANArea: 96,188 Square kilometers

M. Al-Kofahi, JSPS'02

Jordan a quick introduction
Jordan: A Quick Introduction

  • Population: About 5.25 Millions

  • The land of Jordan has been, for eight millenniums, a center of civilization. The great wealth of history and culture appears all over the country.

  • The famous historic sites are; Wadi Rum, Petra the capital of the Nabataean Arabs, Jerash, Rabad, Azrak, and Ma'an.

  • Jordan climate is as diverse as its scenery. Mountains on the West, and desert on the East make Jordan's climate year-round pleasant.

  • Arabic is the official language. English is the second language and is spoken throughout the country.

M. Al-Kofahi, JSPS'02

Science technology institutes
Science & Technology Institutes

  • Ministry of Higher Education & Scientific Research

  • Higher Council for Science & Technology

  • Royal Scientific Society

  • 8 State Universities

  • 11 Private Universities

M. Al-Kofahi, JSPS'02

Number of scientists in the faculties of science in the state universities


University of Jordan

Yarmouk University

Jordan University of Science & Tech.

Mu’tah University

Al al-Bayt University

Hashemite University

Al-Husein University

Al-Balqa Applied University












Number of Scientists in the Faculties of Science in the State Universities

M. Al-Kofahi, JSPS'02

Al balqa applied university bau
Al-Balqa Applied University (BAU)

  • Has 6 Faculties in the Main Campus at Al-Salt

  • Administers 16 University Colleges off Campus

    Including Princess Rahma University College at ALLAN (SESAME Selected Site)

  • Supervises 7 Government Colleges

  • Supervises 10 Technical Armed Force Colleges

  • Supervises 18 Private Community Colleges

M. Al-Kofahi, JSPS'02

Physics research in jordanian state universities
Physics Research in Jordanian State Universities

Main Fields

  • Material Science

  • Archeology

  • Life Sciences

  • Environmental Research

  • Magnetic Properties (Ferrofluids)

  • Mossbauer Spectroscopy

  • Ion Implantation

  • Nuclear Physics

M. Al-Kofahi, JSPS'02

Historical facts

  • Suggestion by H. Winick (Sept. 1997) that components of BESSY I be offered as a gift to the Middle East

  • First discussion in Nov. 1997 between G. Voss, M. Al-Kofahi and S. Mahmood in Torino, Italy.

  • Design discussions started by G. Voss and H. Winick (Nov 97)

  • Consultative Meeting called by UNESCO (June 1999) results in the formation of SESAME IC with 9 members and with H. Schopper as Chair.

  • SESAME name was invented by H. Winick at a Meeting in Berlin in Aug. 1999 & Design works afterward resulted in the Green Book

  • His Majesty King Abdullah II offered to host SESAME in Jordan during a Meeting with H. Schopper, K. Toukan, I. Khubeis and M. Iaccarino (2000).

  • Competition for site among 7 countries in Middle East resulted in a decision by IC to locate SESAME in Jordan (2001).


M. Al-Kofahi, JSPS'02

Approach to sesame
Approach to SESAME

Status Ante SESAME

  • No SR Research at any Jordanian Institution YET.

  • But XRF & XRD are used in research in many Universities in Jordan, like:

    University of Jordan, Amman

    Yarmouk University, Irbid

    Hashemite University, Zarka.

M. Al-Kofahi, JSPS'02

Jordanian action plan slide 1
Jordanian Action Plan: Slide 1

1- Form a Jordanian SR Group:

  • Scientists from Various Institutions

  • Graduate Students

    2- Define Common Fields of Interest:

  • Material Sciences

  • Life Sciences

  • Archeology & Human Heritage

M. Al-Kofahi, JSPS'02

Jordanian action plan slide 2
Jordanian Action Plan: Slide 2

3- Start Training in SR Facilities In Other Places:

  • Short Visits for Scientists (3-6 Months)

  • Work for a degree for Students (1-3 Years)

    4- Do Our Part in SESAME When Time Comes:

  • Use SR in Research

  • Be a capable host country

  • Provide help to others who may need it.

M. Al-Kofahi, JSPS'02

End of talk
End of Talk



I’d like to acknowledge fruitful discussions with N. Ershaidat and assistance from S. Kassaymeh in preparing the maps.

M. Al-Kofahi, JSPS'02