Russian energy under Putin’s next presidential term
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Russian energy under Putin’s next presidential term Aleksanteri election seminar Aleksanteri Institute, 14 March 2012. What is to be expected in the gas and oil sector development? 2.What role for the energy sector in Russian economy?.

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Russian energy under putin s next presidential term aleksanteri election seminar

Russian energy under Putin’s next presidential term

Aleksanteri election seminar

Aleksanteri Institute, 14 March 2012


Russian energy under putin s next presidential term aleksanteri election seminar

  • What is to be expected in the gas and oil sector development?

  • 2.What role for the energy sector in Russian economy?


Russian energy under putin s next presidential term aleksanteri election seminar

An almost fourfold increase in total export revenues between 2000-2010


Russian energy under putin s next presidential term aleksanteri election seminar

Much of the potential for volume growth has exhausted.

Price effect is primarily externality, downward risks are present.


Russian energy under putin s next presidential term aleksanteri election seminar

  • Oil production

  • Stabilizing production is a major challenge – flat or slightly declining output.

  • Major additions are due to come only after 2015 in Eastern Siberia.

  • Increasing domestic consumption will likely further constraint export potential.

  • Implications for West-Russia relations

  • Further shift of exports toward the Far East (appr. 20-25% of exports).

  • Preparation of Arctic off-shore development has to be started, if Russia wants

  • consolidate output in the 2020s.


Russian energy under putin s next presidential term aleksanteri election seminar

  • Oil products

  • (1) Heating oil and refinery complexity is the last big efficiency reserve in oil sector.

  • (2) Domestic consumption, rather than exports will be the main driver of development.

  • Implications

  • Corporate investments into refineries will be sluggish, despite government pressure.

  • Due to low refinery margins, investments in Western assets are possible.


Russian energy under putin s next presidential term aleksanteri election seminar

  • Natural gas

  • Huge additions both in transport and production during this decade.

  • Flat domestic and CIS demand, growing potential for exports.

  • European market remains strongly competitive for Russian incremental supplies.

  • Implications for EU-Russia relations

  • Growing Russian temptation to export more gas even at cheaper prices to Europe.

  • (2) Gazprom’s contractual system has been changing, adapting more flexible forms.

  • (3) Despite all this much of the tension will remain in 3rd package and security issues.


Russian energy under putin s next presidential term aleksanteri election seminar

Russia is not a classical oil state, growth is not exclusively oil related.


Russian energy under putin s next presidential term aleksanteri election seminar

The memories of 1998 have been fading away?


Russian energy under putin s next presidential term aleksanteri election seminar

High oil prices already locked in the Russian budgetary policy.


Russian energy under putin s next presidential term aleksanteri election seminar

Can the oil revenues further support fiscal expansion?

Trends after 2008:

(1) Oil revenues too volatile and could not support further social spending:

Increasing taxation of non-oil related sectors (labour, sectoral taxes).

(2) Selective, pin-point tax exemptions for some companies (primarily NOCs)

Tax potential erased slightly, new investments will probably provide less taxes.

The share of oil revenues have been slightly decreasing in total revenues.

Incremental social spending have been financed from other, than energy-related

revenues (primarily living up the reserves).


Russian energy under putin s next presidential term aleksanteri election seminar

Thank You for your attention!


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