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Overture to “ Candide ”. By Leonard Bernstein Trans. Clare Grundman. http://www.pickstaiger.org/video/overture-candide-l-bernstein-symphonic-wind-ensemble. Candide. Based off a story by Voltaire in the 1700s Lillian Hellman adapted the story to make it an operetta

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overture to candide

Overture to “Candide”

By Leonard Bernstein

Trans. Clare Grundman

http www pickstaiger org video overture candide l bernstein symphonic wind ensemble
http://www.pickstaiger.org/video/overture-candide-l-bernstein-symphonic-wind-ensemblehttp://www.pickstaiger.org/video/overture-candide-l-bernstein-symphonic-wind-ensemble
candide
Candide
  • Based off a story by Voltaire in the 1700s
  • Lillian Hellman adapted the story to make it an operetta
  • Leonard Bernstein was to compose the music for this opera, his music was more in a “musical theater style”
  • WAS A BUST!
the music thrived
The Music Thrived
  • Although the dark story of Candide by Voltaire was not popular as an operetta (too light for opera, too dark for musical theater) Bernstein’s musical compositions remained popular
overture according to the merriam webster dictionary
Overture (according to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary)
  • a : the orchestral introduction to a musical dramatic work
  • b: an orchestral concert piece written especially as a single movement in sonata form
wind band transcription
Wind Band Transcription
  • Originally an orchestral work – this version is transcribed by Clare Grundman for band

overture to candide1
Overture to “Candide”
  • The overture to this opera has different themes that reappear throughout the opera
  • Overture is written in sonata form
  • Four main themes
structure
Structure
  • Section 1: Eb Major
    • Contains Opening, Themes 1, 2, 3, and Transition
  • Section 2: Bb Major
    • Theme 4
  • Section 3: Eb Major
    • Opening, Themes 1, 2, 3
  • Section 4: Bb Major – Eb Major
    • Theme 4, Coda (Glitter and Be Gay, Opening, Themes 3, 4)
opening
Opening

Brass Fanfare

Introduces the main pulse that sustains throughout the piece

Cut-time and 3/2

theme 1
Theme 1

Woodwind Runs.

theme 2
Theme 2

Quarter notes and glissandos

- In the woodwinds and later brass plays this theme

Style?

theme 3
Theme 3

Accents are very important in this theme!

Brass carries this theme in the beginning

theme 4
Theme 4

Clarinets and Saxophones begin this theme

The PULSE remains the same (between cut time and 3/2)

Pattern… What is it?

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