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Overture to “ Candide ”. By Leonard Bernstein Trans. Clare Grundman. http://www.pickstaiger.org/video/overture-candide-l-bernstein-symphonic-wind-ensemble. Candide. Based off a story by Voltaire in the 1700s Lillian Hellman adapted the story to make it an operetta

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Overture to candide

Overture to “Candide”

By Leonard Bernstein

Trans. Clare Grundman


Http www pickstaiger org video overture candide l bernstein symphonic wind ensemble
http://www.pickstaiger.org/video/overture-candide-l-bernstein-symphonic-wind-ensemblehttp://www.pickstaiger.org/video/overture-candide-l-bernstein-symphonic-wind-ensemble


Candide
Candidehttp://www.pickstaiger.org/video/overture-candide-l-bernstein-symphonic-wind-ensemble

  • Based off a story by Voltaire in the 1700s

  • Lillian Hellman adapted the story to make it an operetta

  • Leonard Bernstein was to compose the music for this opera, his music was more in a “musical theater style”

  • WAS A BUST!


The music thrived
The Music Thrivedhttp://www.pickstaiger.org/video/overture-candide-l-bernstein-symphonic-wind-ensemble

  • Although the dark story of Candide by Voltaire was not popular as an operetta (too light for opera, too dark for musical theater) Bernstein’s musical compositions remained popular


Overture according to the merriam webster dictionary
Overture http://www.pickstaiger.org/video/overture-candide-l-bernstein-symphonic-wind-ensemble(according to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary)

  • a : the orchestral introduction to a musical dramatic work

  • b: an orchestral concert piece written especially as a single movement in sonata form


Wind band transcription
Wind Band Transcriptionhttp://www.pickstaiger.org/video/overture-candide-l-bernstein-symphonic-wind-ensemble

  • Originally an orchestral work – this version is transcribed by Clare Grundman for band


Overture to candide1
Overture to “http://www.pickstaiger.org/video/overture-candide-l-bernstein-symphonic-wind-ensembleCandide”

  • The overture to this opera has different themes that reappear throughout the opera

  • Overture is written in sonata form

  • Four main themes


Structure
Structurehttp://www.pickstaiger.org/video/overture-candide-l-bernstein-symphonic-wind-ensemble

  • Section 1: Eb Major

    • Contains Opening, Themes 1, 2, 3, and Transition

  • Section 2: Bb Major

    • Theme 4

  • Section 3: Eb Major

    • Opening, Themes 1, 2, 3

  • Section 4: Bb Major – Eb Major

    • Theme 4, Coda (Glitter and Be Gay, Opening, Themes 3, 4)


Opening
Openinghttp://www.pickstaiger.org/video/overture-candide-l-bernstein-symphonic-wind-ensemble

Brass Fanfare

Introduces the main pulse that sustains throughout the piece

Cut-time and 3/2


Theme 1
Theme 1http://www.pickstaiger.org/video/overture-candide-l-bernstein-symphonic-wind-ensemble

Woodwind Runs.


Theme 2
Theme 2http://www.pickstaiger.org/video/overture-candide-l-bernstein-symphonic-wind-ensemble

Quarter notes and glissandos

- In the woodwinds and later brass plays this theme

Style?


Theme 3
Theme 3http://www.pickstaiger.org/video/overture-candide-l-bernstein-symphonic-wind-ensemble

Accents are very important in this theme!

Brass carries this theme in the beginning


Theme 4
Theme 4http://www.pickstaiger.org/video/overture-candide-l-bernstein-symphonic-wind-ensemble

Clarinets and Saxophones begin this theme

The PULSE remains the same (between cut time and 3/2)

Pattern… What is it?


  • http://http://www.pickstaiger.org/video/overture-candide-l-bernstein-symphonic-wind-ensemblewww.leonardbernstein.com/candide.htm


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