Naval History of WWII. Naval History of World War II. 1937-1945 in the Pacific Japanese invade China 1939-1945 in the Atlantic Germans invade Poland. What Caused the War. Global Depression Japanese industrialization and expansionism Rise of Militarists in Japan and Nazis in Germany
Limited growth of existing Navies…prompted Japan to replace many older generation ships. Also freed resources to the development of Naval Aviation…a new technology that would change the nature of Naval Warfare.
“Suddenly and deliberately
Oftencalled the ship that won WWII
Ends in relative draw, but…stops advance, sets stage for Midway
the Solomon Islands
Three Separate Japanese Attacks
Northern Group, Draw of Halsey and Aircraft Carrier
Southern Group attack through Surigao Strait and destroy landing craft
Central Group attack Naval Forces off Samar and join Southern Group
-considerations: purpose, targets, impact on Japan (and the USSR)
Truman’s leadership/decisiveness/no regrets: acted with the best info available in the best interest of Americans and the Allies (and Japanese?—get it over with).
Why at Hiroshima and Nagasaki (not many other urban centers not yet devastated)
Role of Emperor (deity): wanted to preserve it