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More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor : Improving access to critical animal-source foods. ILRI-Nairobi, 13 February 2013. The challenge. Can research accelerate livestock and aquaculture development to benefit the poor? Mixed record to date Systematic under-investment

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More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor : Improving access to critical animal-source foods

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More meat milk and fish by and for the poor improving access to critical animal source foods

More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor:

Improving access to critical animal-source foods

ILRI-Nairobi, 13 February 2013


More meat milk and fish by and for the poor improving access to critical animal source foods

The challenge

  • Can research accelerate livestock and aquaculture development to benefit the poor?

    • Mixed record to date

    • Systematic under-investment

    • Also related to our research-for-development model?

  • Focus on increasing productivity of small-scale production and marketing systems

    • ‘by the poor’  poverty reduction

    • ‘for the poor’  food security


More meat milk and fish by and for the poor improving access to critical animal source foods

An image problem

  • Animal-source foods are a luxury and bad for health, so should not promote

  • Small-scale production and marketing systems are disappearing; sector is quickly industrializing

  • Livestock and aquaculture development will have negative environmental impacts


More meat milk and fish by and for the poor improving access to critical animal source foods

Our underlying hypothesis

  • Livestock and Blue Revolutions: accelerating demand in developing countries as urbanization and incomes rise

  • Industrial systems will provide a large part of the needed increase in supply to cities and the better-off in some places

  • But the poor will often continue to rely on small-scale production and marketing systems

  • If able to respond, they could contribute, both increasing supplies and reducing poverty

  • …and better manage the transition for many smallholder households


  • More meat milk and fish by and for the poor improving access to critical animal source foods

    Managing a smoother transition out of agriculture

    • Estimates for smallholders in Africa and Latin America (Wiggins 2012; Dorward 2009) :

  • Can 2/3 be enabled to develop into commercial producers, accumulate capital and transition out of agriculture?

  •  deeper rural economic growth

  •  avoid social disruption

  • (Johnston et al. 1995)


  • More meat milk and fish by and for the poor improving access to critical animal source foods

    But productivity gap remains despite

    investment in livestock development


    More meat milk and fish by and for the poor improving access to critical animal source foods

    Aquaculture lagging too

    Annual growth rate of aquaculture 2007-2015

    needed to satisfy demand

    source: Cai (2011)


    Why haven t we had more impact is it the piecemeal nature of our research

    Why haven’t we had more impact?Is it the piecemeal nature of our research?

    Solutions developed for isolated issues in specific settings, but ignoring other constraints in the value chain that discourage uptake

    ...in Country A

    ...in Country B

    ...in Country C

    Consumers

    Consumers

    Consumers

    Consumers

    ...in Country D


    More meat milk and fish by and for the poor improving access to critical animal source foods

    Our proposition

    • Increased access to animal-source foods for the poor, especially women and children, can be achieved at scaleby strengthening carefully selected meat, milk and fish value chains in which the poor can capture a significant share of the benefits. Technologies and lessons generated through this focused approach will be applicable in broader regional and global settings.

    • More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor


    More meat milk and fish by and for the poor improving access to critical animal source foods

    Approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact

    • #1: Addressing the whole value chain

    • #2: Working directly to design and support intervention at scale

    • #3: In partnership with development actors

    R4D integrated to transform selected value chains

    In targeted commodities and countries.

    Major intervention with development partners

    Value chain development team + research partners

    • Strategic L&F CRP Cross-cutting Platforms

    • Technology Generation

    • Market Innovation

    • Targeting & Impact

    Consumers

    INTERVENTIONS TO SCALE OUT REGIONALLY

    GLOBAL RESEARCH PUBLIC GOODS


    More meat milk and fish by and for the poor improving access to critical animal source foods

    #4 Focus, focus, focus!

    Working in 8 target value chains  accountability

    SHEEP & GOATS

    AQUACULTURE

    PIGS

    DAIRY


    More meat milk and fish by and for the poor improving access to critical animal source foods

    Approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact

    • Our engagement in a value chain embodies our impact pathway

    Relative degree of involvement

    Along the Impact Pathway

    Research partners

    Knowledge partner

    Experiments

    Evaluation

    Evidence

    Attracting investment

    Assessment

    Mobilization

    Best bets

    Implementing large-scale interventions

    Design

    Piloting

    Lessons

    Context

    Advocacy

    Dissemination

    Development partners

    Year 1  Year 8-12

    Program horizon in a target value chain


    More meat milk and fish by and for the poor improving access to critical animal source foods

    Intermediate Development Outcomes are changes achieved through anticipated development interventions in our value chains

    Increased productivity

    SLO2 Increased food security

    More supply

    (qlty & qnty)

    Evidence base + partnerships to attract investment for intervention

    More income + employment

    SLO1 Reduced poverty

    Actionable Options

    Process

    Evidence

    Higher share for women

    Methods + capacity to sustain VC development

    SLO3 Improved nutrition & health

    More of nutrient gap filled by ASF

    Lower unit envir’nmt impacts

    SLO4 Sustainable NRM

    Supporting policies/investment


    More meat milk and fish by and for the poor improving access to critical animal source foods

    Status

    • Partnership of 4 CGIAR Centers

    • Officially started January 1st, 2012

    • 18 months into implementation

    • Value Chain Assessments underway

    • Identifying strategic research & development partners

    • Consolidating on-going activities


    More meat milk and fish by and for the poor improving access to critical animal source foods

    3-year Budget Envelope by Component

    TOTAL Approved = US$99.6m


    More meat milk and fish by and for the poor improving access to critical animal source foods

    1/3 Funding Shortfall

    TOTAL Approved = US$99.6m

    2/3 funding secured

    CG Fund

    Restricted

    GAP


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