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More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor : Improving access to critical animal-source foods

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More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor : Improving access to critical animal-source foods. ILRI-Nairobi, 13 February 2013. The challenge. Can research accelerate livestock and aquaculture development to benefit the poor? Mixed record to date Systematic under-investment

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor:

Improving access to critical animal-source foods

ILRI-Nairobi, 13 February 2013

slide2

The challenge

  • Can research accelerate livestock and aquaculture development to benefit the poor?
    • Mixed record to date
    • Systematic under-investment
    • Also related to our research-for-development model?
  • Focus on increasing productivity of small-scale production and marketing systems
    • ‘by the poor’  poverty reduction
    • ‘for the poor’  food security
slide3

An image problem

  • Animal-source foods are a luxury and bad for health, so should not promote
  • Small-scale production and marketing systems are disappearing; sector is quickly industrializing
  • Livestock and aquaculture development will have negative environmental impacts
slide4

Our underlying hypothesis

      • Livestock and Blue Revolutions: accelerating demand in developing countries as urbanization and incomes rise
      • Industrial systems will provide a large part of the needed increase in supply to cities and the better-off in some places
  • But the poor will often continue to rely on small-scale production and marketing systems
  • If able to respond, they could contribute, both increasing supplies and reducing poverty
  • …and better manage the transition for many smallholder households
slide5

Managing a smoother transition out of agriculture

      • Estimates for smallholders in Africa and Latin America (Wiggins 2012; Dorward 2009) :
  • Can 2/3 be enabled to develop into commercial producers, accumulate capital and transition out of agriculture?
  •  deeper rural economic growth
  •  avoid social disruption
  • (Johnston et al. 1995)
slide6

But productivity gap remains despite

investment in livestock development

slide7

Aquaculture lagging too

Annual growth rate of aquaculture 2007-2015

needed to satisfy demand

source: Cai (2011)

why haven t we had more impact is it the piecemeal nature of our research
Why haven’t we had more impact?Is it the piecemeal nature of our research?

Solutions developed for isolated issues in specific settings, but ignoring other constraints in the value chain that discourage uptake

...in Country A

...in Country B

...in Country C

Consumers

Consumers

Consumers

Consumers

...in Country D

slide9

Our proposition

  • Increased access to animal-source foods for the poor, especially women and children, can be achieved at scaleby strengthening carefully selected meat, milk and fish value chains in which the poor can capture a significant share of the benefits. Technologies and lessons generated through this focused approach will be applicable in broader regional and global settings.
  • More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor
slide10

Approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact

  • #1: Addressing the whole value chain
  • #2: Working directly to design and support intervention at scale
  • #3: In partnership with development actors

R4D integrated to transform selected value chains

In targeted commodities and countries.

Major intervention with development partners

Value chain development team + research partners

  • Strategic L&F CRP Cross-cutting Platforms
  • Technology Generation
  • Market Innovation
  • Targeting & Impact

Consumers

INTERVENTIONS TO SCALE OUT REGIONALLY

GLOBAL RESEARCH PUBLIC GOODS

slide11

#4 Focus, focus, focus!

Working in 8 target value chains  accountability

SHEEP & GOATS

AQUACULTURE

PIGS

DAIRY

slide12

Approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact

  • Our engagement in a value chain embodies our impact pathway

Relative degree of involvement

Along the Impact Pathway

Research partners

Knowledge partner

Experiments

Evaluation

Evidence

Attracting investment

Assessment

Mobilization

Best bets

Implementing large-scale interventions

Design

Piloting

Lessons

Context

Advocacy

Dissemination

Development partners

Year 1  Year 8-12

Program horizon in a target value chain

slide13

Intermediate Development Outcomes are changes achieved through anticipated development interventions in our value chains

Increased productivity

SLO2 Increased food security

More supply

(qlty & qnty)

Evidence base + partnerships to attract investment for intervention

More income + employment

SLO1 Reduced poverty

Actionable Options

Process

Evidence

Higher share for women

Methods + capacity to sustain VC development

SLO3 Improved nutrition & health

More of nutrient gap filled by ASF

Lower unit envir’nmt impacts

SLO4 Sustainable NRM

Supporting policies/investment

slide14

Status

  • Partnership of 4 CGIAR Centers
  • Officially started January 1st, 2012
  • 18 months into implementation
  • Value Chain Assessments underway
  • Identifying strategic research & development partners
  • Consolidating on-going activities
slide15

3-year Budget Envelope by Component

TOTAL Approved = US$99.6m

slide16

1/3 Funding Shortfall

TOTAL Approved = US$99.6m

2/3 funding secured

CG Fund

Restricted

GAP

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