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LITERARY TERMS. List 4. METONOMY. A figure of speech in which a person, place or thing, is referred to by something closely associated with it. We requested from the crown… Crown represents the monarch. Metonymy. • The Oval Office was busy in work. • Let me give you a hand .

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List 4

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LITERARY TERMS

List 4


METONOMY

  • A figure of speech in which a person, place or thing, is referred to by something closely associated with it.

  • We requested from the crown… Crown represents the monarch.


Metonymy

  • •The Oval Office was busy in work.

  • •Let me give you a hand.

  • Your future office?


Mood

  • An atmosphere created by a writer’s diction and the details selected.


MOOD

  • ://prezi.com/nc79iptxpbed/tone-and-mood/


MOTIF

  • A recurring image, word, phrase, action, idea, object, or situation used throughout a work (or in several works by one author) unifying the current situation to previous ones or new ideas to the theme.

  • Silence motif in Ethan Frome


Motivation

  • Reasons for a character’s behavior

  • Hamlet’s “antic disposition” was to…


Onomatopoeia

  • The use of words whose sounds echo their sense.


OXYMORON

  • a figure of speech that combine opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.


PARABLE

  • A relatively short story that teaches a moral or lesson about how to live a good life.

  • The loaves and the fishes

  • The Good Samaritan


PARADOX

  • A statement that appears self-contradictory, but that it reveals a kind of truth.

  • Without going out of my door,

  • I can know all things of earth.

  • Without looking out of my window,

  • I could know the ways of heaven.

  • The farther one travels, the less one knows

  • The less one really knows.

  • Without going out of your door,

  • You can know all things on earth.

  • Without looking out of your window,

  • You could know the ways of heaven.

  • The farther one travels, the less one knows

  • The less one really knows.

  • Arrive without traveling; see all without looking.

  • Do all without doing. George Harrison (The Beatles, “The Inner Light”)


KOAN

  • “If all things are reduced to the Unity, what can the Unity be reduced to?”

  • Doctor Lao: Do you know what wisdom is?

  • Mike: No, sir.

  • Doctor Lao: Wise answer.

  • —Seven Faces Of Dr. Lao


Parallel Structure

  • The repetition of words or phrases that have similar grammatical structures.

  • Please complete the exercise below. You may print the exercise, if possible, and simply fill in the blank. If not, please rewrite the sentences and submit. Due Feb. 14, 2014

  • http://grammar.about.com/od/grammarexercises/a/completionparallelism.htm?p=1


Paratactic Sentence

  • A sentence that juxtaposes clauses or sentences.

  • I am tired; it is hot.

  • None of my friends stayed-they all left early.


Also known as Parataxis

  • Tell me, how are you?.

  • Opposite of hypotaxis


PARATACTIC SENTENCE

  • "Dogs, undistinguishable in mire. Horses, scarcely better--splashed to their very blinkers. Foot passengers, jostling one another's umbrellas, in a general infection of ill-temper, and losing their foothold at street corners."

  • (Charles Dickens, Bleak House, 1852-1853)


PARATACTIC SENTENCE

  • I needed a drink, I needed a lot of life insurance, I needed a vacation, I needed a home in the country.

  • (Raymond Chandler, Farewell, My Lovely, 1940)


PARATACTIC SENTENCE

  • •Toni Morrison's Use of Parataxis

  • "Twenty-two years old, weak, hot, frightened, not daring to acknowledge the fact that he didn't know who or what he was . . . with no past, no language, no tribe, no source, no address book, no comb, no pencil, no clock, no pocket handkerchief, no rug, no bed, no can opener, no faded postcard, no soap, no key, no tobacco pouch. . . he was sure of one thing only: the unchecked monstrosity of his hands."

  • (Toni Morrison, Sula, 1973)


Parody

  • A work that makes fun of another work by imitating some aspect of the writer’s style.


PARODY

  • Please watch as much of the following as you can stand!

  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZcJjMnHoIBIhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZcJjMnHoIBI


Periodic

  • A sentence that place the main idea or central complete thought at the end of the sentence, after all introductory elements.


PERIODIC

•"In the almost incredibly brief time which it took the small but sturdy porter to roll a milk-can across the platform and bump it, with a clang, against other milk-cans similarly treated a moment before, Ashe fell in love."

  • (P.G. Wodehouse, Something Fresh, 1915)


PERIODIC

  • To believe your own thought, to believe that what is true for you in your private heart is true for all men, that is genius."

  • (Ralph Waldo Emerson, "Self-Reliance," 1841)


Personification

  • A figure of speech in which an object or an animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes.

  • The wind stood up and gave a shout.


PATHETIC FALLACY

  • Nature’s mimicking a character’s emotions in the story

  • A type of personification


PLOT

  • The series of related events in a story or play, sometimes called the storyline.

  • Exposition – introduces characters, situation, and setting

  • Rising Action – complications in conflict and situations (may introduce new ones, as well)

  • Climax – that point in a plot that creates the greatest intensity. Also called the turning point

  • Falling Action- results of actions characters made

  • Resolution – conclusion; conflicts mostly settled; denouement

  • Plot or storyline


POINT OF VIEW

  • The vantage point form which the writer tells a story.


FIRST PERSON

  • One of the characters tells the story

  • Gulliver in Gulliver’s Travels


THIRD PERSON LIMITED

  • In Third Person Limited Point of View the reader has access to one person's head at a time.


OMNISICIENT POINT OF VIEW

  • In Omniscient Point of View the reader has access to everybody's head at the same time.


OBJECTIVE POINT OF VIEW

  • When you’re using Objective Point of View, it’s a case of giving just the facts. The reader is never allowed into any of the characters’ minds, nor given any of their feelings or emotions. The reader has to judge what the character is thinking or feeling by what they say, what they do, and their facial expressions - much like real life, in fact!


OBJECTIVE POINT OF VIEW

  • In Objective Point of View the reader has access to nobody's head.


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