spanish inquisition
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Spanish Inquisition

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

Spanish Inquisition - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 98 Views
  • Uploaded on

Spanish Inquisition. Islamic Invasions. 711 – Muslim (Moorish) invasion Beginning of “RECONQUEST” – liberate Spain from Muslim control Al Andalus: Moorish name for Iberia. Conversions. A Jew that converts to Christianity was known as a Converso

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Spanish Inquisition' - elisha


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
islamic invasions
Islamic Invasions
  • 711 – Muslim (Moorish) invasion
  • Beginning of “RECONQUEST” – liberate Spain from Muslim control
  • Al Andalus: Moorish name for Iberia
conversions
Conversions
  • A Jew that converts to Christianity was known as a Converso
  • A Moor who converts to Christianity was known as a Morisco
jews moors christians
Jews, Moors & Christians
  • Jews protected by king: too important to commerce
  • Moriscos (Moors) live away from Christians (mainly in the South in Grenada)
  • Christians dominate Spain
  • Convivencia: “Co-existence”
    • Helped bring classical ideas to Spain
    • Medicine, philosophy
    • Toledo
pogroms of 1391
Pogroms of 1391

Mass Conversions to Christianity (20,000 Jews)

Jews become a race and no longer just a religion

limpieza de sangre blood purity
Limpieza de Sangre (Blood Purity)
  • Before the Pogroms of 1391, Jew is part of a religion
  • Conversions mean they are Christians and equal…
  • Old vs. New Christians
blood libel mid 1400s
Blood Libel -- Mid 1400s
  • Propaganda against Jews
  • Stories told of Jews stealing Christian babies and sacrificing them at night.
  • Widespread Fear
  • La Guardia Trial: “sorcery and the murder of a Christian child”. Used as a tool in order to provoke complete expulsion of Jews (and Conversos)
unification of spain
Unification of Spain
  • Spanish Kingdoms, Civil War: 1474-79
  • Isabella (Castile) marries the Prince of Aragon, Ferdinand V (1479)
  • Castile + Aragon = United Spain (Northern – see map, following slide)
  • All that remains is to “reclaim” southern Spain
slide12
1492
  • Invasion of Grenada (Spain is completely unified)
  • Expulsion of the Jews
torquemada
Torquemada
  • 1483: Grand Inquisitor of both Castile and Aragon
  • Anti-Semitic. Wants expulsion of the Jews.
  • Powerful: Confessor (primary spiritual advisor) to Isabella.
the spanish inquisition
The Spanish Inquisition
  • Pope Sixtus IV signs the Papal Bull in 1478. Spain has the right to start the Inquisition.
    • Isabella and Ferdinand will be the “most Catholic” of monarchs
    • They become active defenders of the faith
  • Holy Office - Organization of the Inquisitors.
  • Heresy = “Wrong Thinking”
  • Inactive until the La Guardia Trial in 1491.
  • 1478-1530 Most active period of the Inquisition
how to find heresy
How to Find Heresy
  • Look for people who are . .
    • Not Eating Pork
    • Using Olive Oil
    • Reading Prohibited Books
    • Secretly practicing Judaism
why did the inquisition start
Why did the Inquisition Start?
  • Money: confiscation of resources
  • Racism – Christians were blaming Jews for killing Jesus.
  • Religion – Some believed there was only one true faith
how did the inquisition work
How did the Inquisition Work
  • Edict of Grace (7days – 30days)
  • Denunciation
  • Reconciliation
makeup of the inquisition
Makeup of the Inquisition
  • Suprema (1488) – 6 members rule over the Inquisition
  • Tribunals –courtrooms
  • Familiars – Spies
  • Finances – confiscations, fines, penances, dispensation.
privileges of member to the inquisition
Privileges of Member to the Inquisition
  • Inspection
  • Censor Literature – Index of Prohibited Books
  • Immunity from other Jurisdictions
  • Tax Exemption
  • No Quartering of Troops
the trial
The Trial

Witnesses – testify against you, not for you

Enemies – You could confess by naming others (revenge on enemies)

torture
Torture
  • Toca – Water Torture
  • Potro – The Rack
  • Garrucha – Hung by ceiling
autos de f
Autos de Fé
  • Act of Faith
  • Sanbenito
  • Burned In Effigy
moriscos
Moriscos
  • April 4 , 1609 Expulsion of the Moriscos
      • Led to Economic Problems
      • Spain had little commercial activity
the end of the inquisition
The End of the Inquisition
  • The French Revolution of 1789 would cause the Inquisition to disband.
    • Diversion of resources
  • After the Revolution the “Cortes de Cadiz” chose not to include the Inquisition in the new constitution.
the inquisition and witchcraft
The Inquisition and Witchcraft

Over 110,000 witches were killed in Europe.

Less than 100 killed in Spain

ad