The operation of an economy 2
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The Operation of an Economy (2). Sun Yijia. listening--planning a seminar. business circle conferencing name: Mr Ray_(1)_____________ name of event:_(2)_______________________

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The Operation of an Economy (2)

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The operation of an economy 2

The Operation of an Economy (2)

Sun Yijia


Listening planning a seminar

listening--planning a seminar

business circle conferencing

name: Mr Ray_(1)_____________

name of event:_(2)_______________________

he can't come to the buffet on _(3)________________because his train doesn't arrive until after (4)______________.please send the schedule to his email which is _(5)________________.


Listening planning a seminar1

listening--planning a seminar

  • note

  • launching your business online

    3 pm :security__(1)_______________

    4:30pm: people with buffet arrive to _(2)_____.

    ____(3)_: i arrive

    number of delegates : ______(4)_________

    registration and buffer ends at about ___(5)__________.


Listening planning a seminar2

listening--planning a seminar

  • 1. The buffet ______ ______ ______ up until four thirty.

  • 2. I don't think anyone _____ _____ _____ before five.

  • 3. i assum that we ______ ______ _____ bu nine.

  • 4. I hope they _____ _____ _______ by then!


Taking notes and messages

taking notes and messages

  • e.g.

  • "hello,this james speaking and this is a message for linda."

  • jamescalled for linda.

  • 1. "I'd be grateful if you could return this call on my home number;"

  • call him back _________.(4 words)

  • 2." I'm calling to inform you that the next meeting is on the 23rd."

  • please note _____________________.(8 words)


Taking notes and messages1

taking notes and messages

  • 3. " would you mind checking and letting me know the final dates?"

  • please confirm _______________.(3 words)

  • 4." i just wanted to say that i'm sorry for any confusion."

  • he applogised __________.(3 words)

  • 5." the clienty is asking if it would be possible to put the meeting back."

  • he called about postponing______.(2 words)


Memo writing

memo writing

  • you are a seminar(研讨会)organiser. you want to check details for an event next week with your 2 assistants. write a email to your assistants. 40-50 words.

    1. say which rooms you have booked for the event.

    2. aks them to confirm the scheule with security.

    3. explain that one participant will be late.


Memo writing1

memo writing

  • From: XXXX

  • Subject:confirmation of seminar details

  • Date:XXXX

  • To: Assistant seminar organisers

    Please note that i have booked Room 101 and 102 for the seminar next week. I'd be grateful if you would now confirm this booking and the final schedule for the event with security. Also note that Mr Sun will be one hour late on the monday morning.


The operation of an economy 21

The Operation of an Economy (2)


The operation of an economy 2

  • Mixed market economics usually have five basic sectors.

    1.The household ---- 家庭(户)

    2.Firms --- 公司

    3.Financial ---- 财政

    4.Government ---- 政府

    5.Foreign (import and export)--对外贸易


1 the household

1.The household ---- 家庭(户)

  • the basic residential unit in the society.

  • In economics, a household is a person or a group of people living in the same residence(住所).


2 firms

2.Firms --- 公司

  • Accounting Firm

  • Law firm

  • Big four:

  • 普华永道(PWC)

  • 德勤 (DTT)

  • 毕马威(KPMG)

  • 安永(EY)


3 financial

3.Financial ---- 财政

  • Bank

  • Credit Union

  • Microcredit institution

state-owned

commercial


4 government

4.Government ---- 政府

  • Public servants

  • Federal G, state G, local G

  • The central people's government

  • The provincial people's government

  • The local people's government


5 foreign import and export

5.Foreign (Import and Export)--对外贸易

  • Imports are things we buy from other countries,and the money we pay to other countries.

  • Exports are things we sell to overseas, they pay money to us.

  • we pay > we receive, negative balance.逆差

  • we pay < we receive, active balance.顺差


The operation of an economy 2

  • the circular flow of income

  • 收入循环

  • income

  • expenditure


The operation of an economy 2

Paradox of Thrift

节约悖论

vice versa

反之亦然


The operation of an economy 2

  • The great Depression

  • 大萧条

  • recession

  • 不景气


The operation of an economy 2

  • Subprime Crisis

  • 次贷危机

  • Debt Crisis

  • 倒债危机


The operation of an economy 2

  • Financial Tsunami

  • 金融海啸

  • National Bankrupt

  • 国家破产


Framework

家庭spent all income

公司sold all G&S

Framework

  • 当收入循环里只有household和firm两个sectors时

  • household ---(land、labour、capital) resources

$$$$$

$$$$$

goods &service

Firm

income = output = expenditure


Sectors

当收入循环里有三个sectors的时候

  • household resource

$

$$

$$$

goods and service

Firm

injection

leakage

$

save to

financial

sector

firm borrow to buy

catipal goods(investment)


Sectors1

当收入循环里有四个sectors的时候

household ------------ resource

$$$

$

$

$

injection

frim

goods n

service

leakage

firm borrow $

government commission $ firm

to build road etc.

injection

save to

financial sector

leakage

taxation to

government


Sectors2

leakage

imports

$

当收入循环里有五个sectors

household ------------ resource

$

$$

injection

$

$

leakage

goods n

service

frim

injection

firm borrow $

injection

government commission $ firm

to build road etc.

$

save to

financial sector

leakage

taxation to

government

exports


The operation of an economy 2

  • Adolf Hitler

  • 希特勒

  • Franklin Roosevelt

  • 罗斯福


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