The Middle Bronze Age in Mainland Greece & Dating Methods. Bronze Age Chronology. CreteMinoan (Minos - mythical king) CycladesCycladic (Aegean island chain) Mainland Helladic (Hellas = Greece) EarlyEBAEMECEH(3100-2000) Middle MBAMMMCMH(2000-1650)
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The Middle Bronze Agein Mainland Greece&Dating Methods
CreteMinoan (Minos - mythical king)
CycladesCycladic (Aegean island chain)
Mainland Helladic (Hellas = Greece)
(ca. 3100/3000-1925/1900 B.C.)
(ca. 1925/1900-1750/1720 B.C.)
(ca. 1750/1720-1490/1470 B.C.)
(ca. 1490/1470-1075/1050 B.C.)
Carbon-14 (radiation emission)
Thermoluminescence Dating (radiation reception)
Obsidian Hydration (post-flaking water absorption, but temperature, chemical variation)
Stratigraphic Sequence (later on top of older)
C-14 dating can determine the age of organic material up to 40,000 years old.
Church very hesitant, very reluctant to do
been given so many conflicting opinions
Sharper than surgical steel
Blades, tools (cutting crops, projectile points, drills, etc.)
Water absorption “rind”
relative dating method: a older than b
absolute dating method where a calendar date (AD/BC) is produced
Some layers of ice contain high levels of dust and acidity caused by volcanic eruptions.
historical eruptions, e.g. Krakatoa (1883) or Vesuvius (AD 79), can be correlated with ice-cores
further undocumented eruptions in prehistoric times may also be detected.
Barbed & Tanged?
(a) saucer, EHII
(b) sauceboat, EHII
(c) askos, EHII
(d) plate, EHII-III
(e) tankard, patterned ware, EHIII
(f) 2-handled bowl, EHIII
a) ring-stemmed goblet, Grey Minyan ware
(b) kantharos, Grey Minyan ware
(c) barrel jar, Aiginetan Matt-painted ware
(d) kantharos, Matt-painted ware
(e) Matt-painted cup, with ‘panelled’ style of decoration;
(f) jug, Mainland Polychrome style