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Shipbreaking. Module 6: Workplace & Chemical Hazards 6.1 Asbestos Susan Harwood Grant Number SH-17820-08-60-F-23. Disclaimer.

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Shipbreaking

Shipbreaking

Module 6: Workplace & Chemical Hazards

6.1 Asbestos

Susan Harwood Grant Number SH-17820-08-60-F-23


Disclaimer
Disclaimer

This material was produced under grant number SH-17820-08-60-F-23 from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or polices of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.


Objectives
Objectives

  • Identify potential locations for asbestos

  • List personal protective equipment required

  • Describe chronic exposure effects of asbestos


Asbestos is a naturally occurring fiber that is a highly fibrous material
Asbestos is a naturally occurring fiber that is a highly fibrous material.

Figure 1 Asbestos signage outside restricted area


Asbestos will not burn due to being heat resistant and it is chemical resistant
Asbestos will not burn due to being heat resistant and it is chemical resistant.

Figure 2 Glass furnace at 2300 degrees


There are six types of asbestos: Amphibole and Chrysotile are the most general types. Chrysotile causes the most harm to the body.

Figure 3 Lagging around piping in the engine room.


Asbestos has been widely in some manufactured goods such as building materials and flooring
Asbestos has been widely in some manufactured goods such as buildingmaterialsand flooring.

Figure 4 Hall way in the main deck passage way.


Asbestos containing materials acm contains more than 1 asbestos
Asbestos-containing materials (ACM) contains more than 1% asbestos.

Figure 5 Flooring in the staterooms


Asbestos typically is disposed of in hazardous waste landfill sites
Asbestos typically is disposed of in hazardous waste landfill sites.

Figure 6 Non-hazardous waste in drum.


Bright future asbestos can be recycled into harmless silicate glass
Bright future: Asbestos can be recycled into harmless silicate glass.

Figure 7 Glass blowers in Seattle.


Asbestos pipe insulation is generally throughout the vessel
Asbestos pipe insulation is generally throughout the vessel.

Figure 8 Marking asbestos lagging.


Fireproof drywall
Fireproof drywall.

Figure 9 Wall material in staterooms.


Vinyl flooring may contain asbestos and a sample test must be conducted to verify
Vinyl flooring may contain asbestos and a sample test must be conducted to verify.

Figure 10 Flooring in staterooms.


Fire resistant gaskets in certain valves
Fire resistant gasketsin certain valves.

Figure 11 Valves in the engine room with asbestos lagging.


Fire retardant coating generally in the engine or boiler rooms
Fire retardant coating generally in the engine or boiler rooms.

Figure 12 Engine room near the boilers and generators


In the galley hotplate wiring may contain asbestos
In the galley hotplate wiring may contain asbestos.

Figure 13 Captains and officers galley


Certain types of cement have asbestos fibers mixed in
Certain types of cementhave asbestos fibers mixed in.

Figure 14 Cement plant in El Paso, Texas


Firefighters clothing or fire suits
Firefighters clothing or fire suits.

Figure 15 Bunker gear used by fire fighters


Brake and or clutch pads
Brake and or clutch pads.

Figure 16 Tracked crane in yard


Sound proofing materials
Soundproofingmaterials.

Figure 17 Control room with sound proofing material on bulkheads


Time weighted average limit twa is 0 1 fiber per cubic centimeter in an 8 hour day
Time-weighted average limit (TWA) is 0.1 fiber per cubic centimeter in an 8-hour day.

Figure 18 PPE’s with Tyvek suit and N-95 mask


Initial monitoring and survey should be conducted prior to entering the work area
Initial monitoring and survey should be conducted prior to entering the work area.

Figure 19 Asbestos containment room


Respiratory protection will be implemented if engineering controls and action levels exceed the twa
Respiratory protection will be implemented if engineering controls and action levels exceed the TWA.

Figure 20 Powered APR testing


A powered air purifying respirator provides better protection over a negative respirator
A powered air-purifying respirator provides better protection over a negative respirator.

Figure 21 Powered Air Purified Respirator


Hepa filters for respirators
HEPA filters for respirators.

Figure 22 Workers in tyvek suit and air purified respirators


Face shield or vented goggles to protect the eyes and face
Face shield or vented goggles to protect the eyes and face.

Figure 23 Workers outside asbestos containment room


Coveralls or Tyvek suits are recommended and no street clothing are not allowed in the restricted area.

Figure 24 Asbestos workers transiting to the workplace


Prohibit blowing or shaking of protective clothing or equipment
Prohibit blowing or shaking of protective clothing or equipment.

Figure 25 Asbestos change room with showers and protective clothing


A change room should be provided no employee takes work clothing out of the change room
A change room should be provided. No employee takes work clothing out of the change room.

Figure 26 ESCO Marine’s portable change room for asbestos workers on board vessel


Shower area to be provided
Shower area to be provided.

Figure 27 Signage outside portable change room


Lunchroom facilities have positive pressure and filtered air
Lunchroom facilities have positive pressure and filtered air.

Figure 28 View of the portable change room


In ship building approximately 100 000 people have died or will die from asbestos exposure
In ship building approximately 100,000 people have died or will die from asbestos exposure.

Figure29 Entry into restricted asbestos area


Asbestos is a human carcinogen
Asbestos is a human carcinogen.

Figure 30 Entry to restricted asbestos area


Asbestosis results in difficulty in breathing and frequent coughing
Asbestosis results in difficulty in breathing and frequent coughing.

Figure 31 Grounded fibers from wiring


Cigarette smoking and asbestos exposure greatly increases your chances of lung cancer
Cigarette smoking and asbestos exposure greatly increases your chances of lung cancer.

Figure 32 Cutting sectional with torch


Symptoms do not generally appear for 20 to 30 years after exposure
Symptoms do not generally appear for 20 to 30 years after exposure.

Figure 33 Workers taking materials to be cleaned inside containment area


Mesothelioma cancer of the lining of the chest
Mesothelioma: cancer of the lining of the chest.

Figure 34 Workers in the yard


Action Discussion

Discuss steps to reduce spreading asbestos from the workplace!


References
References:

  • OSHA eTool www.osha.gov\

  • National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

    (NIEHS) www.niehs.nih.gov

  • Wikipedia Encyclopedia http//:en.wikipedia.org

  • Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry www.atsdr.cdc.gov

  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency www.epa.gov