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Shaping Public Policy. Bureaucracies and Regulatory Agencies. Bureaucracies. Main function is to organize and operate the federal government Bureaucracies must respond to: The Constitution Federal laws The Three Branches Public interest groups. Types of Bureaucracies. The Cabinet

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shaping public policy

Shaping Public Policy

Bureaucracies and Regulatory Agencies

bureaucracies
Bureaucracies
  • Main function is to organize and operate the federal government
  • Bureaucracies must respond to:
  • The Constitution
  • Federal laws
  • The Three Branches
  • Public interest groups
types of bureaucracies
Types of Bureaucracies
  • The Cabinet
  • Manage specific policy areas: defense, labor, state, etc.
  • Regulatory Agencies
  • Legislative power: issuing regulations
  • Judicial power: enforcing penalties for violations
  • Known as “alphabet agencies”
types of regulatory agencies
Types of Regulatory Agencies
  • Interstate Commerce Commission
  • Federal Trade Commission
  • Food and Drug Administration
  • Environmental Protection Agency
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration
  • Consumer Product Safety Commission
relations with other branches
Relations with Other Branches
  • President can:
  • Appoint heads of agencies
  • Issue executive orders
  • Reorganize federal departments
  • Congress can:
  • Control the budget for regulatory agencies
  • Exercise oversight through reviews and hearings (usually through the committee process)
the iron triangle
The “Iron Triangle”
  • Describes the interrelationship among bureaucracies, the government (congressional committees), and interest groups
bureaucracies public policy
Bureaucracies & Public Policy
  • Cable television – Federal Communications Commission
  • Food labeling – Federal Trade Commission
  • Pollution control – Environmental Protection Agency
  • Airline safety – National Transportation Safety Board

The public, interest groups, and the media can all impact the regulatory and policy making process

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