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Shaping Public Policy. Bureaucracies and Regulatory Agencies. Bureaucracies. Main function is to organize and operate the federal government Bureaucracies must respond to: The Constitution Federal laws The Three Branches Public interest groups. Types of Bureaucracies. The Cabinet

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Shaping public policy

Shaping Public Policy

Bureaucracies and Regulatory Agencies


Bureaucracies
Bureaucracies

  • Main function is to organize and operate the federal government

  • Bureaucracies must respond to:

  • The Constitution

  • Federal laws

  • The Three Branches

  • Public interest groups


Types of bureaucracies
Types of Bureaucracies

  • The Cabinet

  • Manage specific policy areas: defense, labor, state, etc.

  • Regulatory Agencies

  • Legislative power: issuing regulations

  • Judicial power: enforcing penalties for violations

  • Known as “alphabet agencies”


Types of regulatory agencies
Types of Regulatory Agencies

  • Interstate Commerce Commission

  • Federal Trade Commission

  • Food and Drug Administration

  • Environmental Protection Agency

  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration

  • Consumer Product Safety Commission


Relations with other branches
Relations with Other Branches

  • President can:

  • Appoint heads of agencies

  • Issue executive orders

  • Reorganize federal departments

  • Congress can:

  • Control the budget for regulatory agencies

  • Exercise oversight through reviews and hearings (usually through the committee process)


The iron triangle
The “Iron Triangle”

  • Describes the interrelationship among bureaucracies, the government (congressional committees), and interest groups


Bureaucracies public policy
Bureaucracies & Public Policy

  • Cable television – Federal Communications Commission

  • Food labeling – Federal Trade Commission

  • Pollution control – Environmental Protection Agency

  • Airline safety – National Transportation Safety Board

    The public, interest groups, and the media can all impact the regulatory and policy making process


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