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Y-12 National Security Complex. Protecting America’s Future. DOE’s Oak Ridge Reservation. Y-12 National Security Complex Oak Ridge National Laboratory East Tennessee Technology Park. ORNL. ETTP. The Manhattan Project. Y-12 began as part of the Manhattan Project during World War II.

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Y-12 National Security Complex

Protecting America’s Future

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DOE’s Oak Ridge Reservation

  • Y-12 National Security Complex

  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory

  • East Tennessee Technology Park



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The Manhattan Project

  • Y-12 began as part of the Manhattan Project during World War II

Y-12 1943


Y-12 was built as a facility to separate U-235 for the first atomic bomb.

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Y-12’s Legacy

  • Provided the enriched uranium for “Little Boy” to help America and her allies win World War II

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Y-12’s Transformation

  • In the 1950s, Y-12 became a nuclear weapons component plant

  • In the 1970s and 1980s, Y-12 played a key role in building nuclear defense

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Y-12 Demographics

  • Work force of 4600+

    • on-site population [with National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) subcontractors and others] of almost 7000

  • 550+ facilities (5.5 million ft2)

  • 2 1/2 miles long, 1/2 mile wide

  • FY 2005 annual budget of ~$770 million

  • 183 new hires in 2004; 1078 new hires since 2000

  • Number of employees with degrees

    • 1,178 (BS), 513 (MS), 68 (PhD)

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National Nuclear Security Administration

  • Semi-autonomous unit of the Department of Energy (DOE)

  • Created in 1999

  • Oversees the operations of the Nuclear Weapons Complex

  • four production plants

  • three design labs

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NNSA Organization

  • Administrator reports directly to the Secretary of Energy

  • Y-12 Site Manager reports directly to NNSA Headquarters

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  • Enterprise of BWX Technologies and Bechtel National, Inc.

  • BWXT Y-12 Management and Operating (M&O) contract in place since FY 2000

  • Fourth in 60-year history of successful M&O contractors

  • M&O contract provides NNSA/DOE with the best industrial practices, specialized engineering talent and mission-related partnerships

  • Earned 95% rating in last evaluation period

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Y-12 Missions Today

  • Ensure stockpile safety and reliability

  • Respond to stockpile issues with modernized production capabilities

  • Safeguard and secure strategic materials

  • Support nonproliferation activities

  • Work for other federal agencies and technology transfer

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Y-12 Modernization

Highly Enriched Uranium Materials Facility

Uranium Processing Facility

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Y-12 Modernization (cont.)

  • Purification Facility

    • first new production facility in 30 years

    • completed in August 2004

  • New Off-Site Records Storage Facility

    • completed in January 2005

  • New Highly Enriched Uranium Materials Facility (HEUMF)

    • construction started in December 2004

  • New Uranium Processing Facility

    • currently in design stage

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Y-12 Modernization (cont.)

  • Administrative and technical facilities are being proposed using private-sector financing

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Infrastructure Reduction

  • Operational space reduced by 905,554 ft2

  • 213 buildings demolished

  • 692,083 ft2total space reduction by demolition

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Nuclear Nonproliferation

  • Nuclear Cities Initiative

  • International Atomic Energy Agency

  • Nuclear Materials Control and Accountability

  • Naval Reactors

  • Work for Others

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Peaceful Use of Nuclear Material

  • Y-12 selected to supply Canadian reactors with low-enriched uranium

  • Project BLEU provides fuel for TVA reactors

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  • Y-12 is a leader in worker safety

  • Employees worked more than 6 million hours in 2004 without a lost workday away injury

  • Recordable injury rate lowest in 14 years—well below general industry rates

  • 2004 safety index 60% lower than 2003

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  • Leading the DOE Complex

    • keyless entry

    • diskless technology

  • Y-12 security rated best in complex in 2004

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Environmental Stewardship

  • Recognized by DOE, NNSA, Environmental Protection Agency and Tennessee regulators for award-winning environmental programs

  • Received 11 awards for pollution prevention since FY 2000

  • Environmental compliance record exceeds 99%

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Partnerships and Work for Others

  • Other Nuclear Weapons Complex sites to improve the Stockpile Stewardship Program

  • Federal agencies to provide technological assistance and products

  • Industry, universities and laboratories to develop the solutions necessary to keep the United States competitive in the world marketplace

  • National Center for Defense Manufacturing and Machining

  • Federal Laboratory Consortium

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Commitment to the Community

  • Good neighbor in the East Tennessee community:

    • pledged $1 million to the Oak Ridge High School (ORHS) renovation project

    • helping ORHS establish a manufacturing academy to strengthen the area work force

    • raised $650,000 to the United Way in 18 counties

    • sponsored Habitat for Humanity house with 200 volunteers helping

    • contribute $250,000 to Project Grad (Knoxville schools)

    • contribute $430,000 annually

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Commitment to the Community (cont.)

  • Annual Day of Volunteering

  • Relay for Life

  • Volunteers in the Park

  • March of Dimes

  • Diabetes Association

  • MS Walk

  • Cystic Fibrosis Society

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Statewide Economic Impact

  • 20th largest employer in Tennessee

    • Stable employment

  • 4th largest in the Knoxville area

  • $314 million in wages

  • $205 million in procurements

  • $9.3 million in taxes