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Vulnerability Management for the Real World. Contents:. The Problem. What is Vulnerability Management?. George Kurtz Chief Executive Officer Foundstone . Challenges to Effective VM. Successful Approaches. The Problem. Question. What won’t you see in this presentation?.

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vulnerability management for the real world

Vulnerability Management for the Real World

Contents:

  • The Problem
  • What is Vulnerability Management?

George Kurtz

Chief Executive Officer Foundstone

  • Challenges to Effective VM
  • Successful Approaches
question
Question
  • What won’t you see in this presentation?

Answer: Another CSI /FBI slide!

We all know the problem, what about a solution!

proclamation
Proclamation

VA Is Dead…..

They Just Haven’t Buried The Body!

organizations are feeling the pain

1. What causes the damage?

2. How do you prevent the damage? What are your options?

RISK=

Assets x Vulnerabilities x Threats

You can control vulnerabilities.

95% of breaches target

known vulnerabilities

4. How do you make the best security decisions?

3. How do you successfully deal with vulnerabilities?

Vulnerabilities

Business complexity

Focus on the right assets, right threats, right measures.

Human resources

Financial resources

Organizations are Feeling the Pain
what is vulnerability management7
What Is Vulnerability Management

A process to determine whether to eliminate, mitigate or tolerate vulnerabilities based upon risk and the cost associated with fixing the vulnerability.

what is vulnerability management8
What Is Vulnerability Management
  • At a high level, the ”intelligent confluence” of…

Assessment

What assets?

Analysis

What to fix first?

Remediation

Fix the problem

+

+

  • Component of Risk Management
  • Balance the demands of business goals and processes
challenges assessment
Challenges – Assessment
  • Traditional desktop scanners cannot handle large networks
  • Provide volumes of useless checks
  • Chopping up scans and distributing them is cumbersome
  • Garbage In- Garbage Out (GIGO)– volumes of superfluous data
  • Coverage at all OSI layers is inadequate
  • Time consuming and resource intensive
  • Finding the problem is only half the battle
challenges analysis
Challenges – Analysis
  • Manual and resource intensive process to determine
    • What to fix
    • If you should fix
    • When to fix
  • No correlation between vulnerabilities, threats and assets
  • No way to prioritize what vulnerabilities should be addressed
    • What order
  • Stale data
    • Making decisions on last quarter’s vulnerabilities
  • No credible metrics
challenges remediation
Challenges – Remediation
  • Security resources are often decentralized
  • The security organization often doesn’t own the network or system
  • Multiple groups may own the asset
  • Presenting useful and meaningful information to relevant stakeholders
  • Determining if the fix was actually made
challenges time

Cost to ignore vulnerability is greater than the cost to repair

Challenges – Time

Threat Level

Asset Criticality

Risk Threshold

Vulnerability

discovered

Exploit

public

Automated

exploit

Remediation

Discovery

challenges time14

Goal = compress time from discovery to remediation

Cost to ignore vulnerability is greater than the cost to repair

Cost to ignore vulnerability is greater than the cost to repair

Remediation

Discovery

Challenges – Time

Threat Level

Asset Criticality

Risk Threshold

Automated

exploit

Exploit

public

Vulnerability

discovered

challenges time15

Goal = compress time from discovery to remediation

Cost to ignore vulnerability is greater than the cost to repair

Remediation

Discovery

Challenges – Time

Threat Level

Asset Criticality

Risk Threshold

x 15 new vulnerabilities per day across many assets

Automated

exploit

Exploit

public

Vulnerability

discovered

successful approaches
Successful Approaches
  • Focus on four key areas:
    • Prioritize Assets
    • Determine Risk Level (assets, threats, vulnerabilities)
    • Remediate Vulnerabilities
    • Measure
asset
Asset:

Any function, task, capability, equipment or information that has value to the organization or supports the ability of the organization to conduct business

threat
Threat:

Any person, circumstance or event that has the potential to cause damage to an organizational asset or business function

vulnerability
Vulnerability:

Any flaw in the design, implementation or administration of a system that provides a mechanism for a threat to exploit the weakness of a system or process

asset prioritization
Asset Prioritization
  • Identify assets by:
    • Networks
      • Logical groupings of devices
      • Connectivity - None, LAN, broadband, wireless
    • Network Devices
      • Wireless access points, routers, switches
    • Operating System
      • Windows, Unix
    • Applications
      • IIS, Apache, SQL Server
    • Versions
      • IIS 5.0, Apache 1.3.12, SQL Server V.7
asset prioritization25
Asset Prioritization
  • Network-based discovery
    • Known and “unknown” devices
    • Determine network-based applications
    • Excellent scalability
  • Agent-based discovery
    • In-depth review of the applications and patch levels
    • Deployment disadvantages
  • Network- and agent-based discovery techniques are optimal
    • Agents - Cover what you already know in great detail
    • Network - Identify rogue or new devices
  • Frequency
    • Continuous, daily, weekly
    • Depends on the asset
correlate threats27
Correlate Threats
  • Not all threat and vulnerability data have equal priority
  • Primary goal is to rapidly protect your most critical assets
  • Identify threats
    • Worms
    • Exploits
    • Wide-scale attacks
    • New vulnerabilities
  • Correlate with your most critical assets
  • Result = Prioritization of vulnerabilities within your environment
risk calculation
Risk Calculation
  • The Union of:
    • Vulnerabilities
    • Assets
    • Threats
  • Based upon the criticality of VAT
  • Focus your resources on the true risk
remediation resolution
Remediation / Resolution
  • Perfection is unrealistic (zero vulnerabilities)
    • Think credit card fraud – will the banks ever eliminate credit card fraud?
  • You have limited resources to address issues
  • The question becomes:
    • Do I address or not?
  • Factor in the business impact costs + remediation costs
    • If the risk outweighs the cost – eliminate or mitigate the vulnerability!
remediation resolution32
Remediation / Resolution
  • Apply the Pareto Principle – the 80/20 rule
    • Focus on the vital few not the trivial many
    • 80% of your risk can be eliminated by addressing 20% of the issues
    • The Risk Union will show you the way
      • Right assets
      • Relevant threats
      • Critical vulnerabilities
remediation resolution33
Remediation / Resolution
  • Patch or Mitigate
    • Impact on availability from a bad patch vs. the risk of not patching
    • Patch or mitigate
    • Recommendations:
        • QA security patches 24 hours
        • Determine if there are wide spread problems
        • Implement defense-in-depth
measure
Measure
  • Current state of security metrics
    • You can’t manage what you can’t measure
    • No focus on quantifying “Security”
      • What is my real risk?
    • Only a relative scale of risk, not an absolute
    • Return on Security Investment (ROSI) is extremely difficult to calculate
    • No accountability in security
measure36
Measure
  • Future Look:
    • Accountability
    • A universal standard to quantify risk
    • Common nomenclature
    • Dashboard view of risk and vulnerabilities across disparate organizations
    • Technologies that will help answer the questions:
      • Am I secure?
      • Who is accountable and by when?
      • Am I getting better or worse?
      • How am I trending over time?
      • How do I compare to my peers?
      • How do I compare outside my industry?
summary
Summary
  • All assets are not created equally
  • You cannot respond to or even protect against all threats
  • An effective vulnerability management program focuses on Risk
    • Vulnerabilities
    • Assets
    • Threats
  • The hardest step in a 1000 mile journey is the first – start somewhere
  • Strategically manage vulnerabilities using a comprehensive process
10 steps to effective vulnerability management
10 Steps to Effective Vulnerability Management
  • Identify all the assets in your purview
  • Create an Asset Criticality Profile (ACP)
  • Determine exposures and vulnerabilities
  • Track relevant threats – realized and unrealized
  • Determine Risk - union of vulnerabilities x assets x threats
  • Take corrective action if risk > cost to eliminate or mitigate
  • Create meaningful metrics and hold people accountable
  • Identify and address compliance gaps
  • Implement an automated vulnerability management system
  • Convince someone with a budget that vulnerability management is important
slide39

Don’t Spend Another Dime On Security Until You Understand How To….

Protect The Right Assets

From The Right Threats

With The Right Measures

contact information

Contact Information

George Kurtz

949-297-5600

[email protected]

www.foundstone.com

questions
Questions?

Submit your questions to George

by clicking on the Ask a Question link

on the lower left corner of the screen.

George’s answers will be sent to you by e-mail.

thank you
Thank you

Thank you for participating in this SearchSecurity.com on-demand webcast. If you have suggestions for future webcasts, e-mail the editor at [email protected]

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