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DIESEL Project Introduction Dr.Wijarn Simachaya Director of Air Quality and Noise Pollution Control Department. Background. PM : main emission problem in Asia. CAI-Asia conducted DIESEL pilot project in Bangkok. The ultimate goals of the project are:

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DIESEL Project Introduction

Dr.Wijarn Simachaya

Director of Air Quality and Noise

Pollution Control Department


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Background

PM : main emission problem in Asia

  • CAI-Asia conducted DIESEL pilot project in Bangkok

  • The ultimate goals of the project are:

  • To gain a better understanding of factors affecting in-use diesel vehicle emissions.

  • To assess alternative mitigation options to assist decision making in developing countries.


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Challenges

  • Local, national and international cooperation

  • In-depth data used

  • Resources to finance the DIESEL Pilot

  • From strategy to real-world implementation

  • Long-term sustainability and continuous updating of information


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Organization Structure

Advisory

Operational

  • Local Steering

  • Committee

  • Chair

  • Representative from:PCD, DLT, BMTA, BMA, DEB, DFE, PTT, OEPP, Operators, Universities

  • Project Management Team

  • Manager (PCD)

  • Coordinator

  • Technical Advisor

  • Assistant

Bangkok

  • Advisory Committee

  • AQM specialist

  • Transport policy sp.

  • Development sp.

  • Vehicle technology sp.

  • Fuel sp.

  • CAI-Asia: Sub-committee

  • Funding partners

  • Two Regional Reps.

International


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Outputs/Outcomes

  • Viable and affordable policies and technical options to reduce diesel vehicle emissions

  • Improved database/data collection systems

  • Disseminate research findings through the CAI-Asia networks to other cities


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Progress

Component 3

Component 1

Component 2

Diesel Pollution Reduction Strategies Development

Bangkok Emission Database Development

Diesel Pollution Reduction Options Development

Jan 06 – Dec 07

Jan 04 – Jun 07

Jun 05 – Dec 05


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Bangkok Database

Vehicle Using Behaviors

Number of Diesel Vehicles

Air Quality

Vehicle Emission


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Number of Diesel Vehicles

Bangkok road route

Symbols

express way

main road

rail system

Chao Phraya

  • Number of buses in 2003

  • BMTA buses= 3,609

  • Private buses =3,136

  • Minibuses = 1,176

  • Minivans= 2,069

  • Vans =5,331

  • In-use diesel vehicles in Bangkok

  • Light duty diesel vehicles~ 1,000,000

  • Light duty diesel trucks~ 70,000

  • Heavy diesel vehicle~ 46,000

a/c bus

Hot bus

total

  • Diesel vehicle driving distanceper year

  • Light duty diesel vehicles10,000 – 12,755 miles

  • Light duty diesel trucks4,500 – 20,140 miles

  • Heavy duty diesel vehicles3,800 – 18,211 miles

Source: BMTA, 2003


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Stratified Survey

  • PILOT SURVEY: Focus mainly on light duty. Extensive review of lessons learned.

  • MAIN SURVEY: Surveys of drivers/owners of nine vehicle types

    • Light Duty: Surveys at DLT - 815 vehicles

    • Heavy Duty: Surveys at BMTA and companies – 84 organizations


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Air Quality Data

Analyze from Air quality measurement

and meteorological networkof

Pollution Control Department


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Vehicle Emission Reduction Option

Number of tested vehicles= 206


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Vehicle Emission Reduction Option

  • Retrofit and Re-engine

  • Clean & Alternative Fuel

  • I/M Programme

  • Transport Management


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DOC Trial

DPF Trial

5 Fixed route buses

6 Fixed route buses

-3 Advanced DPFs

-3 PFFs

4 School buses

4 Light duty diesel vehicles

5 Trash trucks

Option Studies


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Option Studies

Preventive Maintenance project for private bus fleets

Black Smoke (%)

Preventive

Normal

Preventive

Normal

Opacity

Filter


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Goal: B10 in 2012

(8.5 ML/day)

Export

Palm Plantation10 M-Rai, R&D Palm and Others

05

11

12

06

07

08

09

10

Biodiesel

0.002

0.86

2.25

0.15

0.5

0.5

4.93

9 ML/d

Community Based: Agriculture

Phase II: NE, North, Central

Phase I: BMR,South

Phase III: over country

Option Studies

Policies of Ministry of Energy

1. Biodiesel2. CNG

Target year 2008

  • Gasoline replacement 78,700 vehicles

  • Diesel replacement

    24,300 vehicles

  • NGV refueling station 350 stations

Target year 2011

  • Gasoline replacement 160,000 vehicles

  • Diesel replacement 91,600 vehicles

  • NGV refueling station 520 stations


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Informed Decision-support for Evaluating Alternative Strategies

Developing Emission Reduction Strategy

  • grid based emissions database for selection of options

IDEAS database

  • General Information – geography, population Statistics, land use

  • Sources –industries, power plants, transport, domestic sectors, etc

    • Energy Consumption Levels - fuel type, fuel characteristics

    • House Hold Energy Consumption – heating and cooking

    • Traffic Volumes – road network, location, traffic volume, vehicle number by age, and type, emission factors by type

  • Emissions –criteria pollutants

  • Monitoring- historical and present

Data from Component 1


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