Samuel Huntington. “The Clash of Civilizations”. The context. Who is Samuel Huntington? What prompted him to write “Clash of Civilizations” What has he done since?. The Hypothesis. World politics is entering a new phase in the wake of the end of the Cold War
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“The Clash of Civilizations”
Conflict in the modern era, for Huntington, has been largely a sequence of;
For Huntington, this means that international politics, hitherto, was in a western phase; non-western civilizations were the objects of history, the targets of western colonialism. In the post-Cold War, they “join the West as the movers and shapers of history”.
Three attributes: objective, subjective, and dynamic.
At the micro level, groups clash along the “fault lines” of adjacent civilizations
At the macro level, states from different civilizations compete for political and economic power.
Talk of “the world community” and the “free world” is, according to Huntington, a thin veneer for the domination of global affairs by western interests.
The West sees its values as universalist (meaning that they are applicable to everyone, irrespective of civilization). International institutions based on these values are merely tools for maintaining and promoting western values and domination.
Some countries are torn over which civilization their country belongs to (Russia, Mexico, Turkey). They can redefine their identity on three conditions;
The biggest challenge to the West will come from an emerging Confucian-Islamic connection, primarily concentrated around the asserted right to develop and deploy NBC weapons (counter to the western value of non-proliferation).
Nation-states may not disappear, singular civilizations will not become the norm. But;