Intro to medicine Prescription vs. over-the-counter Labeling Medicine misuse Medicine Safety - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Using Medicines Wisely. Intro to medicine Prescription vs. over-the-counter Labeling Medicine misuse Medicine Safety. What is Medicine?. Prevents or cures a disease or medical problem Classified according to effect on body a. Prevent disease b. Fight pathogens c. Relieve pain

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Intro to medicine Prescription vs. over-the-counter Labeling Medicine misuse Medicine Safety

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Using Medicines Wisely

  • Intro to medicine

  • Prescription vs. over-the-counter

  • Labeling

  • Medicine misuse

  • Medicine Safety


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What is Medicine?

  • Prevents or cures a disease or medical problem

  • Classified according to effect on body

    a. Prevent disease

    b. Fight pathogens

    c. Relieve pain

    d. Regulate blood pressure


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Medicine Safety

  • Food and Drug Administration

    -protects public health

    -safety and security of drugs

    -testing and approval of new drugs


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Testing and Approval

1. pre-clinical testing

2. sponsor submits investigational new drug application

3. clinical trials

4. sponsor submits new drug application

5. FDA reviews

6. Released

a. prescription

b. over-the-counter


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Prescription Medicine

  • Strength and potential to harm

  • Prescribed by physician, dispensed by licensed pharmacist

  • Schedules/Categories


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Drug Scheduals

1Illegal and not prescribable

2Written prescription required

3 Written or oral prescription required

4 Written or oral prescription required*

5 OTC or by prescription depending on state law


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Over-the-counter medicines

  • Can buy without a doctors prescription

  • Safe when used as directed

    Warning: potential of being harmful if not used as directed


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Labeling

Certain information required by FDA

1. Name of product

2. Ingredients

3. Exact measurement of package contents

4. Name and address of manufacturer

5. Purpose of medicine

6. Cautions on use

7. Directions for safe use

8. Expiration date


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Medicine Misuse

Using medicine in a way other than the one intended

  • giving your prescription medicine to someone else

  • taking too much or too little of a medicine

  • taking someone else’s medicine

  • discontinuing use of medicine without informing one’s doctor

  • taking medicine for a longer period of time than was prescribed

  • mixing medicine


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Help for Abuse

Urge person to speak immediately with health care professional

Discuss situation with responsible adult

1-800-662-HELP


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Medicine Safety

Proper storage

  • keep in original package

  • safe place

  • never disable child-resistant cap

  • discard expired medicines


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Responsible Decisions

  • Ask Questions

  • Read the Label

  • Practice Safety

  • Become a partner in your health care


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  • Poison Control

    -24 hour hotline 1-800-222-1222

    -be prepared to give information about victim and ingested medicine


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Food and Drug Administration

Manufactures must supply information reguarding

medicine’s chemical compositionintended use

effects

possible side effects


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Responsible Decisions

1. State the situation

2. List the options

3. Weigh the possible outcomes

4. Consider your values

5. Make a decision and act

6. Evaluate the decision


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