WHO/UNEP WORKSHOP ON PUBLIC HEALTH PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT IN THE EASTERN MEDITERANEAN REGION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE STOCKGOLM CONVENTION ON ORGANIC POLLUTANTS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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WHO/UNEP WORKSHOP ON PUBLIC HEALTH PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT IN THE EASTERN MEDITERANEAN REGION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE STOCKGOLM CONVENTION ON ORGANIC POLLUTANTS Amman – Jordan 7-11/12/2003 Country Report /Jordan Dr. Mohammed Obaidat V-B.D program manager MOH/Jordan.

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WHO/UNEP WORKSHOP ON PUBLIC HEALTH PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT IN THE EASTERN MEDITERANEAN REGION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE STOCKGOLM CONVENTION ON ORGANIC POLLUTANTS

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WHO/UNEP WORKSHOP ON PUBLIC HEALTH PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT IN THE EASTERN MEDITERANEAN REGION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE STOCKGOLM CONVENTION ON ORGANIC POLLUTANTS

Amman – Jordan

7-11/12/2003

Country Report /Jordan

Dr. Mohammed Obaidat

V-B.D program manager

MOH/Jordan


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Responsibilities of Ministry of Agriculture (MOA)

  • Legislation

  • Registration : committee: - MOA, MOH, MOE, R.S.A,J.U

  • Inspection & Surveillance : Procurement, licensing, production,

    formulation, packing, storage, transport and distribution.

    - Factories for local industry of insecticides.

    - Imported insecticides.

  • Quality control: - Samples examined in laboratories: Ministry of Agriculture, Royal Scientific Society and Jordan University.

  • - Field inspection


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Users

  • MOA : use in agriculture as part of I.P.M. and control of termites by O.P

  • Municipalities: Nuisance caused by mosquitoes, flies and other pests used mainly outdoors by space spraying (U.L.V and thermal fogging) Insecticides: OP, cerbamates and pyrethroids.

  • Use in Waste water treatment plantations for control of mosquitoes larvae by use of IGRs (methoprin, Diflubenzorone).

  • Use in veterinary services for livestock disinsectization: OP

  • Use in private sector: monitoring by MOA : specification

  • Ministry of Health: Prevention and control of vector-born diseases


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  • VBD in Jordan are not a priority and not considered as a public health problem. Malaria was eradicated in 1970 and the country still free of local transmission but there still a potential for re-introduction of the disease. Receptive areas are Jordan valley, Al-Karak lowlands and valleys connected to them with 13 species of Anopheles mosquitoes from which 3 species were proved to be vectors for the disease.


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Malaria control program has 2 main components:

  • Early detection and treatment of imported case by both ACD and PCD with 150-200 cases every year.

  • Vetor control: Evidence based Integrated vector control

  • Source reduction:

    • Cimented canals for irrigation

    • Intermittent irrigation

    • Dripping irrigation

  • Self protection:

    • Better housing and conditions of life

    • Screens

    • Inspection of houses by MOH and Municipalities

  • Surveillance of Anopheles mosquitoes:

    • Density of larvae in breeding sites (% of larvae/drip)

    • Man landing rates

    • Susceptibility to insecticides


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  • Use of temephos 0.5 PPM as larvicide

  • Use of IGRs (Diflubenzorone)

  • Use of deltamethrin/space spraying around imported cases in receptive areas only.


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Schistosomiasis control program

  • Early detection & treatment of imported cases: ACD,PCD.

  • Annual screening of high risk-group in high-risk areas for case detection.

  • Surveillance of water-bodies for snail host (B. Truncates) and use of Niclosamide 1PPM for positive sites where feasible.

  • Health education for high risk groups.


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Leishmaniasis in Jordan

  • No visceral Leishmaniasis.

  • Cutanous Leishmaniasis in Jordan is a zoonotic disease; the parasite is Leishmania major. The animal reservoir is psamomys obesus, the vector is phlebotomus papattasi sandfly which use the reservoir host burrows as breeding site.

  • Destruction of burrows and clearance of chenopodiecea plants used for food by the reservoir host are the main protective measures used.

  • The use of Insecticides for other purposes is useful for sandflies.

  • MOH/Jordan do not use insecticides to control leishmaniasis except in outbreaks.


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  • Other vector-born diseases:

  • No ARBO-Virus diseases recorded in Jordan

  • No rift-valley fever cases

  • No west-nile fever cases

  • Control of flies: IVC

  • Legislation for organic materials (manure) (Ministry of Agriculture)

  • Collection and dumping of solid wastes: Municipalities

  • Health Inspection and education: MOH, Municipalities, MOA

  • Self protection: Better housing.


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Insecticides POPs in Jordan

  • Prohibition of use (last1992)

  • Obsolete Stocks: -Dialidrin MOA 170kg

    -D.D.T MOH 23 Tons

  • Storage: Good conditions

  • Packing & Emballage: Insufficent for transport

  • Transport: not available and need help of donners

  • Disposal: not available and need help of donners

  • Conventions: Agreement on 3 conventions (Roterdam, Basel & Stockholm)

  • Stockholm convention was signed but not yet ratified.

  • NIP project for POPs: still on going

  • Insecticide POPs committee still working as planned for.


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Responsibilities of MOE

  • Responsible with MOA for legislation, Registration

  • Responsible for control of environmental pollution by insecticides

  • Disposal of expired insecticides and POPs

  • Responsible with MOH for human hazards due to insecticides

  • NIP on POPs


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Constraints and Needs

  • Human resources capacity building

  • Training of staff: Entomologists

  • Inter-sectorel coordination

  • Regional and inter-national coordination

  • Community participation

  • Partnerships

  • Sufficient Resources

  • Support to IVM approach to reduce reliance on insecticides in VBD control

  • Monitoring resistance to insecticides


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