WHO/UNEP WORKSHOP ON PUBLIC HEALTH PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT IN THE EASTERN MEDITERANEAN REGION IN THE CO...
Download
1 / 12

P WORKSHOP ON PUBLIC HEALTH PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT IN THE EASTERN MEDITERANEAN REGION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE STOCKGOLM CONV - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 325 Views
  • Uploaded on

WHO/UNEP WORKSHOP ON PUBLIC HEALTH PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT IN THE EASTERN MEDITERANEAN REGION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE STOCKGOLM CONVENTION ON ORGANIC POLLUTANTS Amman – Jordan 7-11/12/2003 Country Report /Jordan Dr. Mohammed Obaidat V-B.D program manager MOH/Jordan.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'P WORKSHOP ON PUBLIC HEALTH PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT IN THE EASTERN MEDITERANEAN REGION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE STOCKGOLM CONV' - elina


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Slide1 l.jpg

WHO/UNEP WORKSHOP ON PUBLIC HEALTH PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT IN THE EASTERN MEDITERANEAN REGION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE STOCKGOLM CONVENTION ON ORGANIC POLLUTANTS

Amman – Jordan

7-11/12/2003

Country Report /Jordan

Dr. Mohammed Obaidat

V-B.D program manager

MOH/Jordan


Responsibilities of ministry of agriculture moa l.jpg
Responsibilities of Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) THE EASTERN MEDITERANEAN REGION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE STOCKGOLM CONVENTION ON ORGANIC POLLUTANTS

  • Legislation

  • Registration : committee: - MOA, MOH, MOE, R.S.A,J.U

  • Inspection & Surveillance : Procurement, licensing, production,

    formulation, packing, storage, transport and distribution.

    - Factories for local industry of insecticides.

    - Imported insecticides.

  • Quality control: - Samples examined in laboratories: Ministry of Agriculture, Royal Scientific Society and Jordan University.

  • - Field inspection


Users l.jpg
Users THE EASTERN MEDITERANEAN REGION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE STOCKGOLM CONVENTION ON ORGANIC POLLUTANTS

  • MOA : use in agriculture as part of I.P.M. and control of termites by O.P

  • Municipalities: Nuisance caused by mosquitoes, flies and other pests used mainly outdoors by space spraying (U.L.V and thermal fogging) Insecticides: OP, cerbamates and pyrethroids.

  • Use in Waste water treatment plantations for control of mosquitoes larvae by use of IGRs (methoprin, Diflubenzorone).

  • Use in veterinary services for livestock disinsectization: OP

  • Use in private sector: monitoring by MOA : specification

  • Ministry of Health: Prevention and control of vector-born diseases


Slide4 l.jpg

  • VBD in Jordan are not a priority and not considered as a public health problem. Malaria was eradicated in 1970 and the country still free of local transmission but there still a potential for re-introduction of the disease. Receptive areas are Jordan valley, Al-Karak lowlands and valleys connected to them with 13 species of Anopheles mosquitoes from which 3 species were proved to be vectors for the disease.


Malaria control program has 2 main components l.jpg
Malaria control program has 2 main components: public health problem. Malaria was eradicated in 1970 and the country still free of local transmission but there still a potential for re-introduction of the disease. Receptive areas are Jordan valley, Al-Karak lowlands and valleys connected to them with 13 species of Anopheles mosquitoes from which 3 species were proved to be vectors for the disease.

  • Early detection and treatment of imported case by both ACD and PCD with 150-200 cases every year.

  • Vetor control: Evidence based Integrated vector control

  • Source reduction:

    • Cimented canals for irrigation

    • Intermittent irrigation

    • Dripping irrigation

  • Self protection:

    • Better housing and conditions of life

    • Screens

    • Inspection of houses by MOH and Municipalities

  • Surveillance of Anopheles mosquitoes:

    • Density of larvae in breeding sites (% of larvae/drip)

    • Man landing rates

    • Susceptibility to insecticides


Slide6 l.jpg

  • Use of temephos 0.5 PPM as larvicide public health problem. Malaria was eradicated in 1970 and the country still free of local transmission but there still a potential for re-introduction of the disease. Receptive areas are Jordan valley, Al-Karak lowlands and valleys connected to them with 13 species of Anopheles mosquitoes from which 3 species were proved to be vectors for the disease.

  • Use of IGRs (Diflubenzorone)

  • Use of deltamethrin/space spraying around imported cases in receptive areas only.


Schistosomiasis control program l.jpg
Schistosomiasis control program public health problem. Malaria was eradicated in 1970 and the country still free of local transmission but there still a potential for re-introduction of the disease. Receptive areas are Jordan valley, Al-Karak lowlands and valleys connected to them with 13 species of Anopheles mosquitoes from which 3 species were proved to be vectors for the disease.

  • Early detection & treatment of imported cases: ACD,PCD.

  • Annual screening of high risk-group in high-risk areas for case detection.

  • Surveillance of water-bodies for snail host (B. Truncates) and use of Niclosamide 1PPM for positive sites where feasible.

  • Health education for high risk groups.


Leishmaniasis in jordan l.jpg
Leishmaniasis in Jordan public health problem. Malaria was eradicated in 1970 and the country still free of local transmission but there still a potential for re-introduction of the disease. Receptive areas are Jordan valley, Al-Karak lowlands and valleys connected to them with 13 species of Anopheles mosquitoes from which 3 species were proved to be vectors for the disease.

  • No visceral Leishmaniasis.

  • Cutanous Leishmaniasis in Jordan is a zoonotic disease; the parasite is Leishmania major. The animal reservoir is psamomys obesus, the vector is phlebotomus papattasi sandfly which use the reservoir host burrows as breeding site.

  • Destruction of burrows and clearance of chenopodiecea plants used for food by the reservoir host are the main protective measures used.

  • The use of Insecticides for other purposes is useful for sandflies.

  • MOH/Jordan do not use insecticides to control leishmaniasis except in outbreaks.


Slide9 l.jpg

  • Other vector-born diseases: public health problem. Malaria was eradicated in 1970 and the country still free of local transmission but there still a potential for re-introduction of the disease. Receptive areas are Jordan valley, Al-Karak lowlands and valleys connected to them with 13 species of Anopheles mosquitoes from which 3 species were proved to be vectors for the disease.

  • No ARBO-Virus diseases recorded in Jordan

  • No rift-valley fever cases

  • No west-nile fever cases

  • Control of flies: IVC

  • Legislation for organic materials (manure) (Ministry of Agriculture)

  • Collection and dumping of solid wastes: Municipalities

  • Health Inspection and education: MOH, Municipalities, MOA

  • Self protection: Better housing.


Insecticides pops in jordan l.jpg
Insecticides POPs in Jordan public health problem. Malaria was eradicated in 1970 and the country still free of local transmission but there still a potential for re-introduction of the disease. Receptive areas are Jordan valley, Al-Karak lowlands and valleys connected to them with 13 species of Anopheles mosquitoes from which 3 species were proved to be vectors for the disease.

  • Prohibition of use (last1992)

  • Obsolete Stocks: -Dialidrin MOA 170kg

    -D.D.T MOH 23 Tons

  • Storage: Good conditions

  • Packing & Emballage: Insufficent for transport

  • Transport: not available and need help of donners

  • Disposal: not available and need help of donners

  • Conventions: Agreement on 3 conventions (Roterdam, Basel & Stockholm)

  • Stockholm convention was signed but not yet ratified.

  • NIP project for POPs: still on going

  • Insecticide POPs committee still working as planned for.


Slide11 l.jpg

Responsibilities of MOE public health problem. Malaria was eradicated in 1970 and the country still free of local transmission but there still a potential for re-introduction of the disease. Receptive areas are Jordan valley, Al-Karak lowlands and valleys connected to them with 13 species of Anopheles mosquitoes from which 3 species were proved to be vectors for the disease.

  • Responsible with MOA for legislation, Registration

  • Responsible for control of environmental pollution by insecticides

  • Disposal of expired insecticides and POPs

  • Responsible with MOH for human hazards due to insecticides

  • NIP on POPs


Slide12 l.jpg

Constraints and Needs public health problem. Malaria was eradicated in 1970 and the country still free of local transmission but there still a potential for re-introduction of the disease. Receptive areas are Jordan valley, Al-Karak lowlands and valleys connected to them with 13 species of Anopheles mosquitoes from which 3 species were proved to be vectors for the disease.

  • Human resources capacity building

  • Training of staff: Entomologists

  • Inter-sectorel coordination

  • Regional and inter-national coordination

  • Community participation

  • Partnerships

  • Sufficient Resources

  • Support to IVM approach to reduce reliance on insecticides in VBD control

  • Monitoring resistance to insecticides


ad